Detailed world map in Russian: where is Serbia and her city?
Many military conflicts and conquests of territory, originating from the times of the Roman Empire, made Serbia a multi-ethnic state, which focused customs are a huge number of peoples.
But today is still dominated by Slavic and Turkish traditions. The Serbs are marked with kindness, cordiality, respect, and optimism, so the country constantly attracts a huge number of tourists.
Detailed map of Serbia
Serbia is a country in South-East Europe and is located in the heart of the Balkan Peninsula, which is surrounded by warm seas: Adriatic, Aegean and Black. Before the breakup of Yugoslavia, Serbia was part of its composition. Geographical location of the country made her a kind of corridor between Western and Central Europe, and also countries of the Middle East.
Serbia borders with many States, its neighbours are:
- In the North – Hungary;
- In the South – Albania and Montenegro;
- In the East – Romania and Bulgaria;
- In the West – Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina;
- In the South-West of Kosovo.
Serbia is characterized by clean air, beautiful nature and many historical attractions. She also is known for excellent ski and health resorts, hunting and fisheries. To date, the state has received access to the Aegean coast.
We encourage you to watch a very informative video which describes in detail the geographical position of Serbia:
In Serbia we have special climatic conditions, which directly depend on its relief. The Northern part of the country lies on the Pannonian plain, consisting of large plains with very fertile land, in this regard, there has developed a continental climate.
Centre of Serbia are concentrated in the hills, so there prevails a temperate continental climate. And the presence in the southern part of the country of the ancient mountains, respectively, suggests the presence of a mountain climate.
Summer in Serbia is generally quite hot and winters, though mild, but lingering with plenty of cold winds and the average temperature two degrees, but sometimes it goes up and up to twenty-five. The coldest winter month is January and the hottest summer – June. Serbia is one of the sunniest countries in Europe.
And the shitty part is occupied by farmland, where you can see wheat, corn, variety of vegetables and definitely a lot of sunflowers.
Southern Serbia occupied several mountain ranges:
- Dinaric highlands;
- Balkan East Serbian mountains;
- Part of the Rila-Rhodope system.
There are magnificent forests of huge beeches powerful and tender lip.
The most famous river is the Danube. It forms on its way, interesting bays, streams, oxbow lakes and swamps. But the main pride of this river can be called the most beautiful Djerdapska gorge with cliffs towering up to three hundred meters above the water level and a huge number of pools having a depth of one hundred meters.
The Danube river divides almost in half neighbor Serbia. Read about it here.
In the national Park, located on the territory of the gorge, you can meet with a large number of relict plants, which have long not seen in other European countries.
Serbia is famous for its lakes and rivers, in this respect of the European countries with her only rival is Hungary.
Of the most popular lakes can be called Silver (Serbian sea). In addition to the beauty of the forest landscape, the nearby ancient fortresses and beautiful beach locations, it is famous for its clean waters, which shimmer in the sunlight is mesmerizing. To save this splendor, was the decision to ban the use of the lake any motor boats, water scooters and other similar technological means.
Clean water in combination with the lack of strong noise, enable comfortableaccommodation and breeding of various species of fish. In the lake a large number of perch, catfish, carp bream, pike and many other species.
Administrative division and form of government
Serbia refers to the unitary States, its capital is Belgrade and its administrative division is as follows:
- Two of the Autonomous province - Vojvodina, Kosovo and Metohija;
- Twenty-nine districts;
- Two hundred and eleven communities.
Vojvodina consists of seven districts of Kosovo and Metohija five, and Central Serbia - seventeen. Local government is absent. Each of them is headed by a district chief, which reports directly to the government of the state and owe the full responsibility. Of special note is the County of Belgrade, which permitted self-government.
Serbia consists of twenty-four cities, one hundred ninety-five large settlements of urban type, and many villages and settlements.
In the form of government Serbia is a parliamentary Republic, whose head is the President, and the Supreme legislative body the Federal Assembly, which includes two chambers –the Chamber of republics and Chamber of citizens. To the Supreme Executive bodies of the country is the government.
Population and religion
The main population is represented by Serbs. In addition, Serbia is home to a huge number of national minorities Hungarians, Croats, Turks, Romanians, Bosnians, Slovaks, Bulgarians, Montenegrins, Macedonians, Chinese and other. In total in Republic territory is home to twenty-five nationalities, which, as a rule, coexist peacefully.
The official language in Serbia is Serbian, which belongs to the Slavic group. National minorities also enjoy speaking Hungarian, Romanian, Albanian, Slovak, and Croatian.
It is not rare in Serbia you can hear the speech in Russian language, because in this country of immigrants from Russia.
Laws and the Constitution of the Republic of its residents are guaranteed freedom of religion. The state religion in Serbia is Orthodox, professed by the majority of the population. The rest of the population include Roman Catholics, Muslims and Protestants.
Cities and attractions
Largest cities of Serbia are: Belgrade, Novi Sad, NIS and Pristina.
Belgrade is the capital and largest city of the country, which is located in a place where the rivers Danube and Sava. He is very welcoming and always happy to receive tourists and provide them with the most interesting and comfortable stay.
This is a very old city adorned with magnificent palaces, churches, temples, monasteries and fortress walls that are infused with the noisy avenues and modern high-rise buildings.
The main attraction of Belgrade, perhaps the entire country can be called old Belgrade fortress, which is located in the city centre on the plateau in Kalemegdan Park with the same name. Its history goes back more than two thousand years. The entrance is decorated with a clock tower, which is allowed to rise in the summer.
Currently inside it is a military Museumwhere you can get acquainted with tanks, machine guns, and even a number of trophy exhibits, of which there are more than thirty thousand. In addition to historical values and old graves, in a Park near the castle you can see:
- Tennis court;
- Basketball court;
- Various elements of modern design;
- In winter - skating rink.
Both locals and guests of the city come to the Park area not only to walk but to hear the brass band or the usual street musicians, to visit the Observatory, the Orthodox Church or Holy spring, to admire the numerous monuments and statues.
Novi Sad is located in the Northern part of Serbia and is the administrative center of Vojvodina. It is a city which is literally boiling cultural life, they even gave him a second name - "Serbian Athens".
Here scattered are many museums and art galleries, as well as festivals, contests and exhibitions. Besides, it is an important educational center, which houses a number of universities and a large number of colleges and schools.
Opposite Novi Sad, the biggest in Europe, Petrovaradin fortress, which refers to cultural and historical sites of the country. In order to enter it you need to climb a steep ascent of one hundred steps. Having overcome the ascent, and climb on walls, you can admire a beautiful view of the Danube and its environs.
The center of the fortress, which previously housed various military installations currently occupy accommodation with beautiful, modern rooms andcosy restaurants.
Here are the workshops where the work of local painters, sculptors and photographers. Going to them, you can read their works and even make the personal order. Also in the fortress is the Museum of the history of Novi Sad and Academy of Art.
Special attention deserves located in the territory of the Petrovaradin fortress, clock tower. Its specific feature is that unlike a regular clock, its minute hand a much shorter time. This course was invented to those who sailed past the fortress on the ship, they could at least see who it was.
Near Novi Sad is a very beautiful national Park fruška Gora with its unique flora and fauna. Here you can see over a thousand different plants, many of which are rare or even endangered.
Fauna is represented by:
- Wild cats;
Of particular value are some kinds of birds which cannot be found in other European countries. It is also impossible to ignore were located in monasteries with ancient iconography and medieval frescoes, many of which are considered historical monuments.
Niš is the largest city in southern Serbia and the oldest on the Balkan Peninsula. The city is a major industrial, commercial, scientific, economic, cultural, political and religious center in the South of the country.
In the Niche there are many museums, theatres and other institutions of cultural areas. The city is known for the famous Symphony orchestra and the University.
Due to the large number of respectable restaurants and tourist facilities, Niš became known as the"city of joy".
One of the main attractions is considered to be a Niche Church Hilandarski Metohthat are unique, iconic building of the sixteenth century. Initially, her appearance was quite different than now. The fact that in the middle of the seventeenth century it was badly damaged in the fire. But now it is decorated with beautiful paintings in the Baroque style, no less beautiful and is a favorite place of pilgrims and visitors to the city.
Another well-known around the world and a sinister attraction Niche is the skull tower, built in the early nineteenth century by the Turks with the use of human skulls. It happened after the battle, the place which served as the mountain Chagari, the rebellious Serbs were defeated by the Ottoman soldiers.
Survivors of the Serbian insurgents, not wanting to go into captivity, blew himself up the gunpowder reserves, thus destroying the greater part of the enemy. After that the Turks decapitated their bodies, and about a thousand skulls put in a newly built tower, to show everyone what will happen to those who try to oppose them.
Today all day there were only fifty-eight skulls. Therefore, in order to save them it was decided to fence the crumbling tower of the chapel. Although niš is undoubtedly a very terrible monument of history, however, he reminds everyone of what a huge and terrible cost of freedom-loving Serbs won their independence.
Pristina is Kosovo's capital and its largest city. It is also a cultural and industrial-economic center of the Autonomous district of Kosovo and Metohija. Panorama of the city is very contrasting, it intertwined the ancient buildings, modern buildings and monuments of history and culture.
In Pristina is Gracanica monastery, built in the early fourteenth century, and related to the most exquisite medieval Orthodox monasteries. Great interest for the tourists visiting it, present unique frescoes, icons and ancient manuscripts.
Conducted archaeological studies have shown the presence on the territory of Pristina various ancient peoples.
Visiting Pristina, is to look at the House of Eminagica. It is a very beautiful building located in the heart of the city. It was built during the reign of the Ottoman Empire and is an example of how they lived at the time quite famous and rich residents of the city.
Also important landmark of Serbia is considered to be a monument to Skanderberg, the national hero of the country, which for more than twenty years waged a bitter struggle against the Ottoman Empire, which he managed to win the Turks part of the country. The monument is located in the Central part of the city on the Boulevard mother Theresa.
The city has three museums:
- City Museum, the exhibits and documents which give the full historical picture of the life and development of Pristina from antiquity to the present time;
- The ethnographic Museum, which houses everyday objects of village life;
- The Kosovo Museumwhere you can see the results of the work of archaeologists. Here are the things of ancient times and the trophies of the second world war. The most interesting and famousexhibit is the Goddess of fertility, a figure which was made from ordinary clay. It was believed that the goddess makes the change of seasons, increases the vitality of the people, guarding the harvest.
Damn city or Diavola-varoš is a unique and, perhaps, the most striking and mysterious attraction in Serbia. He is a true miracle of nature with the global value. It is formed by excavation of the pyramid of very different, quirky shape. They are formed and destroyed in the process of soil erosion.
To date, Jawala-Varosha can be seen more than two hundred pillars of the earth. Under the influence of natural factors they are characterized by the ability to grow, change shape, disappear and arise again.
The location of the Damn city are surroundings of Kuršumlija on the mountain Radan. This area is rich in mineral and thermal springs. At the same time, there are few plants because of the large amount of mineral substances in the soil. These natural conditions contribute to the fact that the soil layers are constantly washed out and faded. Due to this and created such a diabolical landscapes.
The ancient inhabitants of these places have not found the explanation for this rather strange phenomenon of nature, so it has many legends, myths and mystical stories. Serbia guests love to visit the Damn city, apparently wanting to see firsthand the unique and mysterious phenomenon. And for greater efficiency part of the city began at night.
Interesting facts about the country
Serbia is a very friendly country, which, like all others has its interesting features, the main ones include the following:
- Republic is known for very low prices;
- Here is really love the citizens of our country;
- The Serbs are very respect the neighbors and try to help them in any detail;
- The friendliness of the local population contributes to reducing crime;
- Serbia is the best country for anyone who wants to lead a peaceful and quiet life;
- The Serbs are quite beautiful, their conversation full of expression, bright colors and feelings. However, she is accompanied by active gesticulation;
- The majority of the population smokes a lot;
- The everyday cuisine of Serbia is tied to the Turkish dishes, only a few modernized;
- In the nineteenth century, the main rule of the Serbian language is: words are written as well as heard;
- In Serbia it has long been customary to marry and have children, usually not before thirty years;
- Almost all Serbs madly love sports, especially tennis and football. They not only love to cheer for favorite athletes, but also play for yourself;
- Serbian favorite beverage is Turkish coffee, drink it often and a lot. Tea the Serbs almost do not drink;
- In Serbia is very fond of building beautiful and reliable homes, so almost all villages of the country can be called elite;
- The wine, which we considered red, the Serbs called the black;
- The country consumed a lot of variety of products based on milk;
- Serbia is a major exporter of raspberries on the world market, although in this country the cost is quite high;
- The Serbs never did not discuss my problems and not complain to life;
- In Serbia, as in Russia celebrate Old new year, calling it a Small Christmas.