Mango - fruit or vegetable: description, use, damage, how to eat and cleaned?
The "king of fruits" - mango is the most popular, it is overtaken in the ranking even Apple and banana. According to legend, Lord Shiva has grown this tree for his beloved.
It is a fruit or vegetable photo
Of course it's a fruit. The fruit of Mangifera Indian – mango - truly won the hearts of connoisseurs of the exotic. Varieties of this delicious fruit does not count, if you believe some sources, there are around 1500.
The spread of plants around the world began in the sixteenth century, when it fell with seafarers from India to East Africa. In the eighteenth century it settled in Brazilin the first half of the nineteenth century, it was brought to the United States of America, and a little later in South Africa, Australia and the middle East.
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Mango (Indian mango tree) is an evergreen tree originally native to India, where currently, as in Pakistan, is the national plant. In natural growing conditions, depending on the age and species of it can reach a height of from ten to forty-five meters and a crown diameter of from five to twenty. Delicious mango fruits called the "fruit of the gods".
Today there are a huge number of varieties of mango, the fruits of which have different weight and color, dense, smooth skin. The average weight of the fruit ranges from two hundred grams to one kilogram. The color can be white, greenish-yellow, bright green, yellow-orange, red, black.
Depending on the varieties of fruit shape can be ovoid or globose. They have a juicy, fibrous flesh is yellow or orange in color. When ripe it has a sweet taste with slight acidity. Aroma of fruit varies, it may resemble a peach, apricot, rose, melon, pineapple, lemon. The size of the seed (kernels) are also quite impressive. In length it may be five to ten inches, and weighing up to fifty grams.
If you are going to a country where mangoes grow, there is a high probability that you will reach the acclimatisation. Read herewhat the symptoms of this ailment, and what to do in case of detection.
Tips for eating mango
Benefit from the use allowable amount of mango are recognized by nutritionists around the world. This is due to its low calorie content and a special chemical composition.
The use of mango and its nutritional value
Calorie fresh fruit is sixty-five calories per one hundred grams of the product. No less useful is and dried mango, but you should know that the caloric content of dried fruit increased to three hundred and ten calories.
The pulp of mango contains a lot of protein, carbohydrates, fiber, vitamin A, C, D, b group, calcium, magnesium, potassium, phosphorus, selenium, copper, sodium, iron, zinc, pectin, Tenin, amino acids, sucrose.
Due to this diversity of nutrients in the composition of the fruit, its regular consumption:
- Restores a weakened immune system;
- Rejuvenates the body;
- Strengthens the nervous system, eliminates the effects of stress and relieves depression, condition and insomnia;
- Normalizes the work of gastrointestinal tract, cardiovascular and urogenital system;
- Contributes to the treatment of certain skin diseases, as an aid;
- Used in the prevention of oncological diseases;
- Widely used in diets for diabetes and weight loss;
- Cleanses the body from harmful substances;
- Improves your vision.
In the folk medicine of India, the decoctions of the leaves andthe seeds of the fruit is used for pancreatitis, vascular disease and varicose veins. A mixture of mango juice, honey and salt equally positively disposed of as constipation and diarrhea.
And you have issued a passport of the new sample to go for mango? Read in this article detailed instructions on how to obtain the document.
Harm and contraindications
But despite all the useful properties of mango and its taste, you need to know that if improperly used it can harm the health.
A day is recommended to eat no more than two hundred and fifty grams of the fruit. If you consume a larger amount of unripe fruits, may cause colic, inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract and nasopharynx. And eating a ripe mango can cause constipation or diarrhea, and allergic rashes.
Since mango is an exotic fruit for our country, some may have individual intolerance or Allergy to it. So the first time you use need to eat the minimum number. You also cannot eat in conjunction with alcohol use.
If mango is eaten with the skin, with sensitive mucous membranes, you may receive the swelling of the lips and rashes on the skin.
In order to avoid the above trouble, it is advisable, before use, to clean the fruit.
How to choose ripe fruit?
In order to select a ripe mango, you should know a few simple rules:
- The rind of the fruit should be smooth without dents or damage, paint does not matter. Valid the presence of small spots and dots of brown;
- To touch the fruit should be firm and not too soft;
- At the ripe fruit should be a pronounced fruit aroma. If it is missing entirely, so the fruit is immature. And in the case when mango comes from sour wine or smell, it can be argued that it is overripe, and perhaps already begun to ferment or rot.
How to store and clean?
If the mango is hard, you can hold it for a few days at room temperature. After the fruit becomes too soft, store in the refrigerator for up to five days.
Also, mangoes can be frozen whole, or chopped into pieces, the nutrients will be preserved.
The best and most accurate methods include the following method of cleaning the mangoes:
- Two sides of the fruit to cut along the semi-circular part of the flesh with the peel, trying to do it close to a bone;
- Taking a sharp knife, cut the pulp into cubes, leaving the skins intact;
- Unscrewing the halves, you can easily cut the pulp in a bowl;
- Remaining on the bone, the flesh should gently slice, peel and cut into pieces.
If mango is not intended for further cooking of any dishes, you can just cut the fruit crosswise and rotate the halves in different directions. Then remove them from the bones and just eat the flesh with a spoon. This method is suitable only for sufficiently elastic mango.
See this video how quickly and beautifully to peel and cut a mango:
How to eat?
In order to absorb maximum amount of nutrientscontained in mango, it long time to chew and keep the puree in the mouth.
Besides that, just eat the mango as a fresh fruit it is cooked with meat, stewed with various vegetables and fruit, added to salads, pastries, desserts and cocktails.
It is made into juice, it is part of the seasoning "chutney" and sauce "curry".
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Besides India, where there is the greatest number of plantations of mango, it is widely grown in many other countries around the world.
In Vietnam, mango is mainly grown in the Central and southern part of the country, at least in the North. Here are mainly sweet varieties of yellow and green, with a kind of sourness. These fruits can be found not only in gardens or on special plantations, but also on the banks of the river or the roadside.
The season of gathering in the South from February until the beginning of may, and on the North from early may to September. Depending on the grade and quality price per kg mango in Vietnam, varies from twenty-five to seventy thousand Dong (70-199 Russian rubles).
Thailand is in third place among manufacturers of mango after India and China. For this country it is the most ancient and popular fruit. There are over one hundred varieties with different color, size and taste. In Thailand, the harvest season of mangoes starts in March and ends in may.class=link>
Read in this articlewhat other fruits is dominated by plantations of Thailand.
How much is a mango? The price per kilogram of mango in Thailand is from thirty baht in the market to one hundred and eighty baht in the popular resort areas (54-325 Russian rubles).
Egypt is included in the list of twenty major countries that grow mangoes. Here it is harvested from mid-July to early October. The country grows several varieties of this fruit with different colour of the rind.
The cost of one kilogram of fruit in Egypt lies in the range from five to twenty-five Egyptian pounds (from 19 to 90 rubles).