The Republic of Burundi on the world map and Africa: where is the capital of the country?
That the name of the capital of Burundi and the country itself is a geographical name, know not all. It's kind of unknown, distant and mysterious country. Really, what do we know about her than it is notable?
Burundi on the world map and Africa
Not being a connoisseur of geography and a lover of travel, so I can't remember where to look for the most Burundi.
Where and how to get there?
Burundi – African country. If you look at the map, we can see that it is located below the equator almost in the centre, but closer to the East of the continent. Therefore, some sources report that Burundi is located in the Central part of the continent, and others in the East.
Predominantly the territory of the country has a medium-high mountain terrain – plateaus of different altitudes from 1,400 m to 2,500 m.
The highest point in Burundi is mount called Heha (or Hee Ha). The height of the mountain - 2670 m above sea level.
The country is landlocked, but part of the territory is adjacent to lake Tanganyika – the natural heritage of several African countries.
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Direct communication from Russia with Burundi there is no need transplant.
- To date, the best option of flights from Moscow to the capital of the African country via Brussels flights Brussels Airlines. Thus, faster and more economical to get to your destination.
- If you are not afraid of two transplants, to fly from the Russian capital, first in Dubai (flights Aeroflot or Emirates), then to Nairobi, and then to Bujumbura, capital of Burundi (using the services of the Kenya Airway and KLM).
There are still options: from Moscow to Bujumbura via Amsterdam and Nairobi, as well as via Cairo and Nairobi.
If you need a plane ticket, please use this search form. Specify the city of departure and arrival, the date and the number of passengers.
Who is on the border?
The border of the country stretches over a distance of 974 km. Of them a big part of the South-Eastern frontier, which separates Burundi from Tanzania.
In the Northern part of the state is bordered by Rwanda, the Western border is shared by Burundi, the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
What is this mysterious country?
What is interesting in the history of Burundi and the country is today?
Major milestones in the history of the country are as follows:
- According to reports, the natives of these places were the pygmy TWA. About a thousand years ago, the Hutu ethnic group started to occupy the territory and develop agriculture;
- In XV—XVI centuries there appeared a Tutsi, engaged in nomadic agriculture. Began to appear fragmented feudal state;
- In the XVIII century was the unification of separate States into a single Kingdom;
- Flourishing state reached by mwami (i.e., the king) Ntare II in the mid-nineteenth century;
- And then began the inter-ethnic war, which has led Germany to occupy the country;
- After the First world war, Burundi was placed under the control of Belgium;
- In 1962, the country was granted independence as a constitutional monarchy.
The Republic of Burundi began in 1966. Since then, the country has been haunted by military coups, regime change, to which were added inter-ethnic conflicts.
Africa is an incredibly picturesque country, and you can verify this by visiting one of the nature reserves described here.
The country has a sub-Equatorial climate with alternating rainy and dry periods. Rainfall is seasonal: the rainy seasons last from September to November and from February to March and dry weather is from June to August and in December and January.
The amount of precipitation is different in different regions, on average for most of the country has increased from 1300 to 1500 mm. More rainy climate characteristic of the North-West Burundi.
During the day there are temperature changes. Different temperatures and in different parts of the country, it depends on the height above sea level. The average in the mountains is +17°C, in the Central plateau of about +20°C, and in the area of lake Tanganyika the average annual temperature is +23°C.
The internal structure
- Burundi covers an area of 27 830 km2. Among all countries in the territory is the 142nd place.
- According to the latest census of the population live here 11,18 million people. Representatives of the ethnic Hutu make up 85% of the population, Tutsi 14%, TWA pygmies, who are considered an indigenous ethnic group, only 1%.
- 90% of Burundians live in rural areas. The Hutu are predominantly employed in agriculture, and the Tutsi – raising cattle.
- Burundi has two official languages – French and Kirundi related to the Bantu languages. Part of the population speaks Kiswahili, it is often used in Commerce.
- Approximately 80% of Burundians profess the Catholic faith, and the rest Protestants, adherents of beliefs, traditional for this area and Muslims.
Burundi is one of the world's poorest countries with a backward economy and problems with health. Because of the low standard of living many Burundians do not live up to 50 years.
The Republic of Burundi is headed by the President. In his hands and concentrated the Executive power – the guarantor leads the government. Bicameral Parliament exercises the legislative power.
Provinces and cities
How does the Republic of Burundi is divided geographically, and the name of its capital?
The largest administrative units are province, in the country 17:
- Bujumbura Mairie;
- Bujumbura Rural;
The most populated of them is Gitega. Provinces in turn are divided into communes.
The capital of Burundi is also the administrative center of the province of Bujumbura Mairie.
The capital and largest settlement
The main city of Burundi is Bujumbura. Its population exceeded half a million mark. He founded the future capital in 1897, German missionaries on the shores of lake Tanganyika. Earlier this place was a small fishing village. And the name Bujumbura means the market is potatoes.
The style of the buildings in the Central part of the city is mainly colonial. In Bujumbura you can visit:
- Museum of life Burundi (or Living Museum);
- State cultural centre with a rich collection of artifacts;
- The geological Museum;
- the tomb of the kings;
- monument to Prince Louis Rwagasore, who is the national hero of the country;
- main stadium, is also named after Rwagasore;
- Central market – for fans of local color;
- The Ruzizi national Park in the Northern neighborhood of the capital.
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Bujumbura has an international airport, ferry service connects the capital to neighbouring Tanzania. By the way, the capital's port is one of the largest in Africa.
The second by population city in the country – Muyinga (more than 100 thousand inhabitants). It is located in the North-Western part of Burundi's mountainous terrain, the height of which more than 1700 meters. The city is surrounded by humid Equatorial forests.
Then in the list of the most populated cities in Burundi:
- Ruyigi with a population of 46 thousand people. Here, in the East the terrain is mountainous, the city is at elevation 1842 m above sea level. Landscapes — spruce forests, shrub thickets, mountain savannas;
- Gitega – the former capital of Burundi. Now there are almost 25 thousand people. A city in the Central part of the country known to the National Museum, Royal Palace, market of wicker and pottery.
Burundi attracts touristsits natural landscapes, stunning scenery and national character:
- Lake Tanganyika is second in depth only to lake Baikal. And among the freshwater lakes, it is the longest in the world – nearly 700 km away. the fauna of the reservoir and the surrounding area is very diverse – it is home to numerous species of fish, including the aquarium, crocodiles, hippos, an abundance of waterfowl.
- In the South-Eastern part of the country there is a place that I want to see all the guests Burundi. There, in the nature reserve are the waterfalls of Kareraformed of the same river. All four of them, the highest of those picturesque falls with a 80-meter height. Came to the throne, Burundian kings took his bath in the falls, believing them to be sacred.
- Where once hunted by the kings of Burundi, is now the national Park of Kibira. Here are under protection of tropical mountainous forest, there is a bamboo forest and tea plantations. The Park is inhabited by many monkeys, baboons, chimpanzees, black-and-white colobus monkeys. They can be seen during tours of the venue.
- Another national Park and Rurubu stretched for more than 60 km along the banks of the same river. Its peculiarity is the variety of natural areas: meadows with fragrant herbs, savannas, swamps, forests. And yet there is a vast array of animals – from baboons to crocodiles and antelopes and leopards.
- In Gitega, the National Museum you can get acquainted with the history of Burundi, to see collections of weapons, magical attributes, ancient drums, the sounds of which sing and dance to local actors.
- In Bujumbura, is to visit the Natural Museum under the open sky, opened at the Cultural center. Tourists will see traditional dwellings of Burundians in the form of round huts, creations of craftsmen of wicker baskets and mats, carved wooden items.
- Near the capital there is one memorable spot where, according to legend, there was a meeting of two travellers – the dying David Livingstone found and rescued Henry Stanley. He specifically went on a journey to find the lost expedition of Dr. Livingstone. In honor of this life-saving meeting was a monument in the form of a massive boulder.
On lake Tanganyika for tourists – beaches, fishing, scuba diving, sailing.
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Lovers exotic African flavor, beautiful natural landscapes and some degree of risk (of tourists there is not a lot) in Burundi will be interesting. A rare experience for sure.
See in this video a fascinating program about Burundi: