Photos and description of the attractions and towns of Tunisia: Tunis, Monastir and other
Republic of Tunisia — a small country on the North African coast of the Mediterranean sea. The shape of the country resembles a triangular wedge fitting tightly between Libya and Algeria.
The tip of the wedge facing South, and deep into the Sahara desert.
About two-thirds of Tunisia represent the desert plains of the Savannah. The Atlas mountains complement the landscape of the country. Some mountains are so high that the snow never disappears.
Tunisia - where is it?
In ancient Arab Chronicles, this region was also known as Ifriqiya.
Tunisia is home to around 11 million people, the vast majority of Arabs, a little (2%) of indigenous people — the Berbers. They are all Sunni Muslims.
Tunisia is among the top five exporting countries of olive oil. For each resident there about five olive trees, and there is growing 54 million.
Wonderful climate and a well developed tourism infrastructure, comfortable hotels attract annually in Tunisia over seven million tourists. The hotel has eight major international airports.
- Habib Bourguiba. The father of the modern Tunisian nation. For many years fought for the independence of the country. In 1957 he was elected the first President of the Republic;
- Elissa (Dido). The legendary Queen, the daughter of the king of tyre. Virgil called her Dido. Fled from tyre on the coast uniescie in the IX century BC In the year 914 BC Elissa arrived on the ship to the place where now is Carthage. She bought the Berber king Arba land and founded on it the citadel;
- Hannibal. The most famous and respected in Tunisia, a historical figure. Future famous military leader was born in Carthage in 246 BC, has reached unprecedented glory, power and might. Military operations, tactics and srategy Hannibal still exploring future officers in all military academies around the world;
- La Kahena. Berber Joan of arc, who led in the VII century BC. e. struggle with the Arab invaders and forced conversion of the Berbers to Islam;
- Ibn Khaldun. The largest Arab scholar, hisoric and philosopher, born in Tunis in XIV. His writings on the history of Arabs, Persians and Berbers - the most valuable sources relied upon by modern historians. It is named after the streets and squares in many cities of the country.
What to see?
Almost every city in Tunisia has preserved its ancient buildings, built during the long history of the country. Many of them are of great value, and included in the list of cultural heritage of humanity by UNESCO.
In Udne and El JEM towering amphitheaters and aqueductsbuilt during the heyday of the Roman Empire when this area was part of the province of Africa.
A huge amphitheater in El JEM (once here was located the ancient city of Thysdrus) is the largest in Africa. It is reminiscent of the Roman Coliseum. For many years, from July to August there are concerts of classical music with the participation of artists from around the world.
In a few countries the name of the capital coincides with the name of the state. Tunisia belongs to them. This city was elected capital of the country in the XIII century.
Here is the main attraction of the country — the ruins of ancient Carthage.
In fact, from the Punic city almost nothing left. The Romans defeated Carthage in the long war, in revenge for past defeats destroyed the enemy capital to the ground, and its territory was commanded to plow and fill with salt.
That was nearly a century and Julius Caesar, considering convenient for the military fleet of the Bay, ordered to build here a new city. That is what ruins and are now in the territory of large-scale archaeological excavations.
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Excavations conducted here in nearly a hundred years. But a vast territory of Carthage to explore all else fails. Prevents the later development of the hillside has long been in the elite district of the city of white villas of wealthy Tunisians.
Here is also located the complex of the residence of the head of state, this part of the territory is protected and is inaccessible to archaeologists.
Excursion to the excavation site of Carthage. The Thermae of Antoninus, the largest resort of antiquity. These baths yield sizes only therms of Trajan in Rome. The Roman amphitheatre, aqueduct.
Medina (oldcity). The entrance to the Medina through the beautiful French gate. Many old mosques and palaces.
The great mosque (850). The building was repeatedly rebuilt and resembles a fortress with watch towers. Unusual squat minaret with outside staircase. The mosque is an interesting Museum.
Since the middle ages the mosque, artisans sell their pieces are very high quality (carpets, jewellery, tableware, coinage).
The National Museum Of Bardo. Located near the University campus on the outskirts of the city in the direction of Bizerte. It houses artifacts from all eras of Tunisian history. The world's largest collection of Roman mosaics.
In the halls dedicated to the Punic era, the statues, ornaments, works of art of the time. Several rooms with works of Islamic art. Pearl of the Museum — the Hall of treasures.
Numismatic Museum shows a remarkable collection of coins with Carthaginian times. Describes the history and methods of coinage. Admission is free.
The Museum of modern art in the Belvedere Park, near the zoo. Admission is free. Presents a modern Tunisian painting. It organizes discussions, conferences, theatre productions in the two available in the Museum scenes outdoors.
No mini-skirts in Tunisia
The capital of the governorate of Cape Bon. This is a real ancient city in ancient times, it was called Neapolis. Major crafts center and the resort.
Glazed pottery produced here for more than two thousand years. Beautiful embroidery with silk and silver thread. In the local market particularly lively trade takes place on Fridays.
In the village of Dar-chaabane, 2 km North-West of the city — workshops of the masons. The master is decorated with openwork stone carving many of the buildings in the country. A well-equipped city beach.
Museum Of Nabeul. The exhibition of archaeological finds of the Punic-era ceramics, ancient Roman mosaic.
Tourist complexes situated on several kilometers of beaches around Hammamet and Nabeul bring fourth a portion of all income from tourism in the country. The resorts became fashionable even with the 20-ies of the last century.
Here began to come to rest celebrity. Among them — British Premier Churchill, American billionaire Rothschild, famous actors, artists and writers.
During the Second world war in one of the luxury villas Hammamet German General Rommel known as the desert Fox, made his headquarters.
But the popularity of the resort has a downside — a huge influx of tourists, the crowds on the streets and beaches.
It is a city of ancient Carthage. Once it was called Hadrumet, then Justinianopolis. Medina is picturesquely built on the slope of the hill. Its white houses look at port and at sea.
Huge interest is represented by numerous monuments, fortress walls, towers and other medieval buildings.
During the Second Punic war here stood the troops of Hannibal. During the XVII-XVIII centuries there was a stronghold of the Tunisian pirates and a market for slaves.
In 1943 the city was bombed by allied planes to prevent the Nazis to use its port.
Now the traces of destruction are seen. Well-restored two fortresses and other monuments. They often serve as a backdrop for filming historical movies and, of course, scenic photos and a selfie almost every other tourist.
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Rabat. The fortress-monastery built in the VIII century.
Kasbah. The second fortress of Sousse is located in the southwestern part of the Medina. The main element of the Fort relationerna watch tower, built in 859.
The tower is to this day — on top is a beacon pointing the way for sea-going vessels calling at the port.
The Museum Of Sousse. Collection of archaeological finds, Roman mosaics, sculpture, ceramics.
Catacombs. Underground galleries with a total length of 5 kilometers was a burial place of Christians in the II-IV V. there are about 15 thousand graves, arranged in wall niches. Is open for attendance only part of the galleries.
Major historical, cultural and tourist center of the country, is located 25 km from Sousse.
Julius Caesar built a camp here for their legions during the African campaign against Pompey (50 BC), surrounding its triple ramparts. Its remains are still visible.
After the Arab conquest of Monastir is becoming a major religious center and gets the rank of the sacred city.
Carthage Land amusement Park and attractions. Restaurants and cafes decorated in the style of different eras, and offer an appropriate menu. For example, the Rome restaurant serves dishes that were served at the tables of emperors.
The researchers of Homer's epics think that Djerba is described in the Odyssey under the name of Ogygia. In the XVI century it was the stronghold of the famous pirate brothers Barbarossa.
Djerba has traditional buildings, which are called mensely. This square white home with small domes, reminiscent of the Observatory. More than one hundred kilometers of beaches with perfectly white sand.
Since ancient times here settled Jewish community. Ghriba ancient synagogue is considered the oldest in the world. They say it was founded about 2600 years ago. In the synagogue is kept a very ancient Torah scroll.
To say goodbye to Tunisia don't want the short trip passed very quickly. But like in the desert to Berber to go, and many museums to get did not.
Well, it means that there is a reason to come to Tunisia againand stay in this amazing country longer.