Africa: what African nature reserves and national parks, list of
The nature of the African continent offers an amazing variety of animal species and large size of their populations.
Where else can you watch a pride of lions, grazing elephants, cheetahs rapid or large herds of zebras and antelopes crossing the landscape in search of food and water, not in nature reserves and national parks of Africa.
- Protected areas of Africa on the map
- How to get there?
- List of national parks of Kenya
- The Aberdare
- Masai Mara
- The largest natural zone of Tanzania
- The Selous game reserve
- What reserves there are in Botswana?
- Central Kalahari
- The nature of other countries in the African continent
- Volcanic NAT. Park
- Impenetrable forest Bwindi
Protected areas of Africa on the map
The most visited national parks and reserves of the continent are located in the area of the African savanna, which is characterized by not only the variety of flora and fauna, but also the ease of observation of the animals.
In the vast Savannah of any animals seen from afar, which distinguishes this space from the African jungle.
African Savannah cats have extraordinary picturesque location and the beauty of the landscape: here is the Great African lakes, and mountain systems, in particular, the majestic volcano of mount Kilimanjaro. To view all this splendor, you can visit one of the national parks or reserves located on this amazing continent.
The vast number of national parks and reserves of Africa is located South of the equator in the zone of the African Savannah — ecosystems, each with amazing diversity and large population sizes of wild animals.
A significant part of the national parks we have in East African countries: Kenya, Tanzania and Botswana, in which area of Savannah is greatest. Other countries with notable parks and reserves include border countries:
- Of the Congo;
- South Africa.
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How to get there?
Access to African reserves can be different, as some of them, such as Nairobi Park is located in the vicinity of large cities, others may be located in difficult terrain.
In some national parks are open to active airports, so until they can fly on the plane from capitals or large cities with local airlines.
But in order to visit most of the parks have to rent a car and drive dozens or even hundreds of kilometers on African roads. In order to facilitate your visit to the nature reserves of Africa, you can use the services of travel companies that will provide transportation to the Park, or even check in to local hotels, located directly on the protected areas.
List of national parks of Kenya
On the territory of this East African state is about 60 different national parks and reserves, many of which are dedicated to the flora and fauna of the African Savannah.
The Tsavo Park is divided into 2 major parts: Tsavo East and Tsavo West. The total area of the two parts is about 20 thousand km2, is the largest Park in Kenya. The Park was founded in 1948, and through its territory the railroad connecting the capitalKenya, Nairobi, with the Eastern part of the country.
One of the features of Tsavo is the ability to see the night watering of animals: elephants and other wild beasts in the night come to the ponds, located just outside the hotel.
Another highlight of the Park is located within the black Rhino game reserve, which is home to 50 individuals of this rare species.
The fauna of Tsavo typical of the African Savannah, it is home to many species of animals, including the so-called "African big five", which consists of the most valuable trophies of an African Safari:
Park the Aberdare (Aberdare, Aberdare) is located in Central Kenya about 150 kilometres from Nairobi in the mountain range of Aberdare. The Park was founded in 1950, its area is about 750 km2.
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The Aberdare features a variety of terrain from high peaks to deep valleys, the humidity of the climate, resulting in fairly dense vegetation, including thickets of bamboo. The Park has elephants, lions, leopards and other species of animals and a huge variety of bird species.
The majority of tourists come to the Park for a night Safari, during which to observe the animals directly from the hotel.
Amboseli national Park is located on the South-East of the country, 250 kilometers from Nairobi. Amboseli is the most visited Park of Kenya, the main reason for this is that his site is visible to the top of Kilimanjaro.
Amboseli was designated as reservation areas for the Maasai in the early twentieth century, but in 1974 with the aim of preserving the unique ecosystem has been converted into a national Park. Amboseli is the best place to observe wildlife, especially the elephants, owing to the sparse vegetation due to long periods of drought.
The highlight of the national Park of Amboseli is the possibility to come close to grazing the elephants.
The Nairobi Park — the first of which appeared in Kenya. This reserve is interesting because it is located on the territory of the capital, Nairobi, its discovery occurred in 1946. The size of the fauna of the Park increases significantly in the dry season (mid Dec to March) when the area is dry up water resources.
In the Park of Nairobi is inhabited by typical Savannah animals: lions, antelope, cheetahs, leopards and others. The Nairobi Park is considered the best in Africa place to monitor black rhinos.
The Park is a monument to the Burnt ivory, located on the site of the destruction of this valuable material, extracted by poachers.
National Park the Masai Mara is in southwest Kenya and is part of the region of the Serengeti is the oldest Ecoregion of the continent.
The area of the reserve is 1500 km2, the Park live typical African Savannah animals. The most well-known and observed types of Masai Mara are the lions, cheetahs and wildebeest, of which there are millions of individuals.
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The wildebeest migration during the dry season is the main highlight of the Park — huge herds of wildebeest covering the Savannah, impress any tourist. Also the reserve is considered a major center for research and conservation of black rhinos, hippos and spotted hyenas.
The largest natural zone of Tanzania
National parks of Tanzania are among the best places for eco tourism in the world. On the territory of this country is a large part of the region of the Serengeti is the oldest and unique in the world ecosystems.
The Selous game reserve
The Selous game reserve — the largest natural Park in Africa and one of the largest reserves in the world. Its area is 55 thousand km2, which is 5% of the territory of Tanzania. The Selous game reserve arose in 1905 as a hunting reserve, and later it was named after the famous British hunter and naturalist Frederick Selous game reserve. The fauna of Selous game reserve presents the typical savanna species:
- Hippos and other animals.
Serengeti national Park is located in the North of the country and is part of the region of the Serengeti — one of the oldest ecosystems in the world.
Sanctuary Serengeti was formed in the early twentieth century, and in 1951 its territory was expanded and it was converted into the nationalPark.
Only Serengeti has more than 3 million large animals, including 3 thousand lions. The Serengeti is the best place to observe lions and cheetahs. The Park is famous for its migrations, when the drought period is almost 1 million wildebeest and 200 thousand zebras cross its territory in search of water.
Ngorongoro Park was created in 1959, when the area around the Ngorongoro crater, was separated from the Serengeti and converted into a separate biosphere reserve. The Park area is 9 thousand km2, of which about 265 km2 is a vast Ngorongoro crater.
Inhabitants of the crater are 25 thousand species of animals, and here there is the greatest density of predators on the continent (especially lions and leopards). The biggest problem the Park are local residents: there are more than 60 thousand shepherds and 350 thousand individuals Pets that threatens the richness and diversity of the local fauna.
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Kilimanjaro national Park is located in the North of Tanzania. His name he received from the famous highest peak of Africa — Kilimanjaro. Feature of this national Park is that all of its territory is located at an altitude of over 2700 meters.
Despite the small size of the Park (just over 1,500 km2), the flora is unusually rich: here there are many lions, elephants, black rhinos and other species. The Park is divided into 7 zones, the greatest interest for tourists is represented by the area wildlife areas and Hiking trails of varying intensity. Every year more than 10 thousand tourists here do the climbing to the top of Kilimanjaro.
National Park Rungwa (Ruaha) is located in the Central part of Tanzania, with an area of more than 10 thousand km2. The Park is located on the banks of the river Ruaha, where he received his second name.
The fauna of Rungwe typical of the African savanna and is rich and varied. Also in the Park there are more than 1,600 types of plants and trees, many of which are endemic and grow only here.
Feature of Rungwe is the possibility of walking safaris accompanied by a guide that is not often found in the African reserves.
What reserves there are in Botswana?
Together with Kenya and Tanzania Botswana is among the countries most suitable for the ecological tourism on the African continent.
Chobe national Park is the oldest nature reserve of Botswana, situated on the North-West of the country in the border with Namibia areas. The Chobe area — more than 10 thousand km2. Secured area there were organized in the early 1930-ies, and the status of the Park was obtained in 1967.
On the territory of the reserve is one of the largest populations of African elephant — only there are more than 50 thousand individuals of this animal.
The Central Kalahari is huge (53 thousand km2) hunting preserve in the Central part of the country, located on the boundary of the Kalahari desert. A significant part of the reserve is covered with sand dunes, the rest of the grow rare shrubs and grass.
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Fauna Central Kalahari, typical of the African savanna: lions, giraffes, leopards, antelopes and other animals. In the Park flows one of the oldest rivers in the world — the drying up of the river "Valley of deception", the formation of which began more than 16 thousand years ago. Its the name of the river was due to arise on its banks, Mirage.
The nature of other countries in the African continent
In addition to these countries, amazing nature reserves can be found in almost any African country, located in sub-Equatorial zone South of the equator.
Niassa is located in Northern Mozambique on the border with Tanzania and has the status of a hunting reserve. As in other African national parks, the fauna of Nyasa differs in extraordinary variety - here is home:
- More than 16 thousand elephants;
- 800 Lviv;
- Many species of antelopes;
- Buffaloes and other species of animals.
Great damage to the nature reserve, causing poaching of the locals, after all, still on its territory is home to more than 35 thousand people.
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Reserve Nechisar is located in the South-West of Ethiopia and covers an area of 500 km2. The reserve is located in two large lakes: blue lake Chamo and brown Abaya.
First of all, Nechisar famous for its crocodiles, local species which reach a length of 6 meters and is considered the largest in Africa. These reptiles live on the shores of lake Chamo. Other representatives of local fauna are typical African animals and birds such as hippos, hyenas, zebras, gazelles, jackals, pelicans and flamingos.
Volcanic NAT. Park
National Park of the Virunga volcanoes in Rwanda is located in the heart of Africa at the height of from 2 to 4.6 kilometers above sea level. The Park has 6 extinct volcanoes, from which it got its name.
The territory of the reserve is covered by tropical forest, in which the most prominent is the variety of species of primates.
The pride of the Park are the mountain gorillas, of which there are 7 major families.
Impenetrable forest Bwindi
The Park is Impenetrable (the Impenetrable) Forest Bwindi lies in South-Western Uganda. Its area is about 300 km2. Despite the small size of the Park, its fauna is extremely rich, there are more than 120 species of animals and 350 bird species.
The forest Bwindi is home to over 300 species of mountain gorillas — half the world's population of this species.
The Kruger national Park in South Africa, the oldest reserve in the country, located in the province of Transvaal , between the Crocodile river and the famous Russian children's literature by the river Limpopo.
Its area is over 300 km2. His name was reserve in honor of the former President of the Republic of Transvaal Paul Kruger, in the late nineteenth century offered to organize a conservation area in this area.
It is believed that in the Kruger Park observed the greatest density of animals in the world: there are more than 12 thousand elephants, 5 thousand rhinos, 1500 lions, one thousand leopards 1, 17 species of antelope and many other species.
Etosha national Park is located in the North of Namibia on the edge of the Kalahari desert in the vicinity of the Etosha salt marsh. Despite the harshness of the terrain and the poverty of saline soil in the Park inhabits a variety of animals, fighting for survival on the edge of two ecosystems: savanna and Kalahari desert.
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To see the local inhabitants on the watering: daily on the shores of permanent lakes is going to more than 100 species of mammals and 350 species of birds.
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