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Where is the island of Baffin island on the world map?

Baffinova Zemlya

Baffin island is the largest in size island in the Canadian Arctic archipelago. He ranks in the top five of the largest island in the world, but because of the unfavourable natural conditions it inhabits a small number of people.

Baffin island on the world map

ostrov na karte mira

The island is part of the state Canada is the waters of the Arctic ocean.

Where?

Geographical coordinates of the island – 69.00 degrees North latitude and 72.00 degrees East longitude. The island is near the continent of North America and is located towards the North of Labrador and West of Greenland.

The land of Baffin Bay is part of the canadian region Qikiqtani Nunavut.


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Historical note

According to archaeological data the first people that inhabited the island, appeared it is about four thousand years ago. It was immigrants from Western Siberia and Chukotka, and they settled mostly on the southern and Eastern shores of the island.

Recent excavations have shown that a Millennium ago the Earth was inhabited by the Vikings. In all likelihood, that Baffin island was the mythical land called Helluland, which is mentioned in some Nordic sagas.

istoricheskie fakty

M. Frobisher expedition, which was repeated in 1576, 1577 and 1578 years, was undertaken for the purpose of mining gold, but when it showed up, the area was abandoned.

In 1616 William Baffin, after whom the name of the island, the first European scientists gave an accurate description of the territory and is considered the discoverer of this island, though descriptions of it existed before. Since buffinol the Ground have been studied by many researchers.

In 1851, the island officially belonged to the British Empire, and since 1852, was in the possession of the Governor-General of Canada.

Currently, the Land of Baffin Bay is interesting from the point of view of the study of Geology and meteorology, so the human settlements are few and the nature of the service.

Characteristic of the island

The vast majority of the island is covered by mountains and ice, and is North of the Arctic circle so the polar day and night on Baffin island alternate each other. The highest point of the island is a Single mountain, opened in 1953, the canadian-Swiss expedition.

Origin and geography

geograficheskie dannye

The area of the island is 507 thousand square kilometers. This huge territory is sparsely populated due to not favorable weather conditions.

The island's shores are rocky and have a lot of reefs and the shore is covered with fjords, coves and bays. From the North-East by the Bay of Baffin Bay, South of Hudson Bay, which divides the Land of Baffin and one of the largest peninsulas in North America - Labrador. In the North the Straits of Lancaster and Prince Regent batpenova Land separated from other Islands of the archipelago.

Baffin island is a continuation of the Eastern part of the Canadian shield, has a mainland origin. Among the minerals of the Land of Baffin Bay include: marble, granite, deposits of brown and hard coal, peat, ores of silver, zinc and lead.

The topography of the Land varied. In the North-West and South-West is dominated by lowlands in combination with swamps and lakes. In the East you can see the average low and rolling hills that people in the West are moving into the rocky hills. The highest point of the islandOne mountain rises above sea level at 2143 meters.

The mountain peaks are usually covered with a dome-shaped glaciers, one of which, penny ice Cap, a height of 2591 meters, which exceeds even the mountain Alone. In total, glaciers cover batpenova Land is more than 83 square kilometres of the island.

The only way to get to the Land of Baffin Bay – by air from Montreal and Ottawa. On the island there is a small airport with a single runway, as well as several helipads.

Climate

Baffin island is in the grip of cold Arctic airwhich brings to this territory long, cold winters and foggy, short summers. The average winter temperature is -7-12 degrees, sometimes goes down to-25-27 degrees. In summer the average temperature does not rise above +8-10 degrees (in July-August is the frequent freeze).

The average annual amount of precipitation is 300-500 millimeters. This figure is much higher than on the other Islands of the archipelago.

Even in the summer, not all nodes are freed from glacial cover.

Settlements

krupnye naselennye punkty

  1. Original capital of the island is the village of Iqaluit. Located on the edge of the Bay, Frobisher Bay. In Iqaluit is home to several hotels and restaurants, as well as a Museum and Park.
  2. To the South of the village is the village of lake harbour – is part of a national Park of Canada.
  3. Cape Dorset – in this village hosts exhibitions of artists, and the archaeological excavations.
  4. Nanisivik is a place of extraction of lead and zinc, and a summer marathon.
  5. Kimmirut is the warmest locality is famous for the stone sculptures of the local people.
  6. Pond inlet - town, famous for its natural scenery.

The population

The total number of Islands is about 11,000 people. The ethnic composition of the Earth is the Eskimos. As a shift of the population lives:

  • the British;
  • the Franco-Canadians;
  • Canadians.

The official languages are English and French, but in everyday life there are also various dialects.

Due to the harsh weather conditions of the North coast most of the population concentrated in the southern and Eastern shore. The center of public life – the settlement of Iqaluit, which simultaneously can accommodate up to seven thousand people.

The main occupation of the islanders is fishing, hunting sea and land animals. The monetary unit of the island is the canadian dollar.

Flora and fauna

rastitelnyj i zhivotnyj mir

The main animalsliving on the island, are the lemming, the polar hare, polar bear, Arctic Fox, reindeer, wolf.

Raffinose wolf is the smallest in size among all Arctic wolves.


Among marine mammals can be distinguished:

  1. seal;
  2. walrus;
  3. a sea hare.

Coastal waters are also inhabited narwhals and whales. Of birds most commonly found white owls, canadian geese, gulls, rock Pipit.

The flora on the island is rather scarce. Woody plants are almost there because of the permafrost, and the low shrubs and grass that manages to grow over the short summer, often dying in the cold winter.

The tourism industry

razvitie turisticheskoj otrasli

In the last decade, the island began to actively develop the tourism industry, which has become almost the only source of income.

The development of tourism

The development of this industry has made a great leap forward in the early 21st century.

The island is increasingly attracting the attention of lovers of active sports, unusual, relaxing and beautiful natural scenery.

Tourists staying on the island in order to be in adverse conditions, far from civilization and try your hand at Arctic hunting or fishing.

Attractions

This Arctic island has its own attractions:

  • National Park Auyuittuq, which covers an area of over 21 thousand km2. In the Park you can see wild nature, icebergs, fjords, mountains, snow valleys;
  • historical Park Malicoat – here are collected all the artifacts and household items of the people of the Inuit and the Vikings found during the excavations;
  • the settlement of the Eskimos, or the cultural village Illultuk is a kind of reservation people.
  • a chain of waterfalls on the river Soper;
  • artgallery in Cape Dorset.

See videos from the participants of the expedition-guest Land: