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City Bolivia La Paz and Sucre on the world map: where are photos of the flag

Boliviya na karte mira

Is on the world map is an amazing country – lost high in the mountains, to preserve its identity, rich in natural resources and attractions. This is Bolivia, on the world map it is situated on the territory of the former Empire of the Incas.

More than half of living of its inhabitants – the Indians. And the official languages in this country as much as 37 – most in the world!

Bolivia on the world map in Russian language

strana na mirovom atlase

Experts geography'll find Bolivia on the map, the other is to remind the world there is a multinational state.


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Where?

The continent of South America, Central part – that is where Bolivia is surrounded by many neighbours:

  • the longest border of the country with Brazil – in Northern and North-Eastern part, they lasted for about 3.5 km;
  • Paraguay is adjacent to Bolivia from the South-East;
  • southern neighbor States Argentina;
  • in the West – the border with Peru;
  • in the southwestern part of Bolivia is adjacent to Chile.

Time difference between Bolivian cities and Moscow is 7 hours.

With Kaliningrad temporary differences less – 6 hours, but with the Kamchatka differences the most impressive 16 hours.

The geography of the country - what river flows?

geograficheskie dannye

Bolivia stretches on an area of 1 098 580 km2, it is the 27th position among all countries of the world.

In the West the relief is mountainous – from South to North stretches the mountain range of the Andes. The highest peak of Saham exceeding 6.5 thousand meters, the other two Illimani and Ancona are approaching that mark.

In the Eastern part of Bolivia lies the vast plains of the Amazonian rainforests and the Chaco valley.

The majority of the rivers belong to the basin of the Amazon, and the rest to the basin of the Rio de La Plata and part of the rivers inland.

Major river arteries of Bolivia are:

  1. Beni;
  2. Madeira;
  3. Guapore;
  4. Rio Grande;
  5. Madre de Dios;
  6. Desaguadero.

As such, the outlet to the sea state there, but in the Atlantic you can get shipping by first the Paraguay river and then the Parana. The way, of course, was a long one – about 2 thousand km.

10 times closer to the Pacific ocean, but these areas belong to Chile. Bolivia rented from this country part of the coast to build a sea port.

Climate and weather

klimaticheskie i pogodnye usloviya

The climatic conditions of Bolivia's diverse and depend on the landscape of the territory. High mountain areas inherent in cold - continental climate with low temperatures all year round – from +5 to +11. On a plateau in the Western regions of the country the average temperature is +13 to +21. But winter is palpable strong fluctuations in temperature – much hotter day and colder night.

In the lowland part of the country the climate is characterized as sub-Equatorial and tropical. In the summer (and southern hemisphere, summer is from September to February), rainy, and the thermometer shows an average of +34. In the winter months more comfortable 22° Celsius.

In Puerto Suarez often is the extreme heat, but in the salt desert of Uyuni frequent strong icy winds.

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Administrative division

Those who are not familiar with this South American country, you should take a closer look at the map and mark interesting places for visiting.

Regions

The largest administrative-territorial units of the state are departments, there are only 9.

Footprint and the number of people in the largest Department, Santa Cruz.

The departments are divided into 112 provinces, which are composed of cantons.

Several Eastern departments of Bolivia (Beni, Santa Cruz, Cochabamba, Pando and Tarija) are combined in the so-called "Crescent". These regions are more developed in industrial and technological terms, the standard of living there is much higher. Among residents dominated by immigrants from Europe and the mestizos.

The capital and largest city - photo

glavnyj gorod

Bolivia two capitals:

  • Sucre is the official center of the state. It is called the White city. Painted in the colors of the colonial buildings give a special flavor to the streets of Sucre.

    The surviving monuments of architecture protected by UNESCO as part of world cultural heritage. The city was founded in 1538. Today its beauty and grandeur attract tourists who want to see the highland capital will retain its color;

  • And actually, the main city where all the government offices and presidential residence in La Paz. The name is abbreviated, and the full consists of more than 30 letters and means "our lady peace". In the world's capitals, located so high above sea level to 3650 m.

    This city of surprising contrasts – modern skyscrapers, colonial architecture and homemade brick houses. La Paz, together with suburbs inhabited by more than 2 million inhabitants, making it the largest city in the country. If you do not consider the population of urban agglomeration, La Paz, yields the palm to the Santa Cruz.

Santa Cruz de La Sierra or Santa Cruz – the capital of the eponymous Department, the city is inhabited by more than a half million people. It is the centre of the Eastern part of Bolivia. Tourists are attracted to these places, natural parks and historical sites in the vicinity of Santa Cruz. The climate here is comfortable, and the best month for tourists – September.

Another major city of Cochabamba, with a population of almost million inhabitants. Center of the Department of the same name is located between high mountains in the valley. These places are fertile and densely populated. "The garden city" – so say about Cochabamba.

The city is famous for the statue of Christ, which exceeds 2 m height (with pedestal) more famous monument of Jesus in Rio.


With all these cities there is air communication. The airport is also in El Alto in the West. This metropolis with population of almost 1 million inhabitants is unique in that is the highest in the world. 4100 m is the height of the Central part of El Alto.

The internal structure

ustrojstvo gosudarstva

Bolivia is a Republic headed by a President. The country has its state symbols that reflect the history and national characteristics.

Flag and coat of arms

Rectangular tricolor – it looks like the flag of the country. Its flag is divided into three equal stripes: green at the bottom, Central and upper yellow – red colour.

The green symbolizes hope for a better future, yellow – mineral wealth of the country and the color of the ancestors of the Bolivian Inca red stripe – a symbol of blood shed by the patriots who fought for the independence of the country.

In the center of the yellow band depicts the Bolivian coat of arms. It is oval and enclosed in a blue frame. The center of the emblem is mount Potosi, the fauna of the country represents an Alpaca, agriculture – the wheat sheaf and bread tree. Rifle, axe, Phrygian cap, a Laurel branch, Condor, and stars – each of these images on the Bolivian coat of arms its meaning.

The population

In Bolivia there are more than 11 million people. This is the most "Indian" country of America, which has preserved most of the indigenous population – 55%. It's mostly ethnic Aymara and Quechua. About 30% of the inhabitants are mestizos and 15% of Europeans.

Of foreigners in the country has a large Diaspora presented by the Germanswho migrated to South America after the Second world war.

There are in Bolivia and Russian. Mostly the descendants of old believers. The resettlement of the old believers began in the 2nd half of the NINETEENTH century. But a mass stream of Russian immigrants began in the years of collectivization. The old believers settled far from cities, were engaged in agriculture, animal husbandry.

Married with the local conservatives did not enter, which allowed them to preserve Russian language and culture.

Because of the governmentland reform settlers began to experience some discomfort and began to move to their historical homeland. Return to Russia (in particular in Primorye) occurred through the program of resettlement of compatriots.

Languages

Few know what language is spoken in Bolivia. And international language in Bolivia is Spanish. But the uniqueness of this country that the official languages there are recognized 36 – all spoken by the locals. This is a real world record!

The languages Quechua and Aymara know almost all Bolivians. But Bolivian Spanish differs in that it includes many Indian words and phrases. Interestingly, even those officially recognized languages spoken by only a few dozen people in the country.

Money

denezhnaya edinica

What is the currency in Vogue in Bolivia? The local currency is called the boliviano, in one denomination of 100 coins – centavos.

BS have the value1 and 2 (coins), 5, 10, 20, 50, 100 200 (notes). The appeal centavos in denomination of 10, 20 and 50.

Us dollars are accepted throughout the country, in the course of and Euro. Exchange can be done at banks, exchange offices, airports, hotels, tourist agencies and major retail outlets. Cashing travel checks is possible only in the larger Bolivian cities.

Visa

Russian citizens can enter Bolivia without a visaif the visit is private, tourist or transit. At the same time projected stay in the country should be no more than 90 days.

If the trip is expected for a longer period, you will need a visa in the Consulate of Bolivia in Moscow.

A visa can be issued upon entry to the country at the border. You will need a passport, medical insurance, return tickets, the availability of a certain amount of money.

The Russian Embassy in Bolivia, since the consular section is located in the city of La Paz.

Tourism

turisticheskij potencial

From the tourism sector of Bolivia's great potential. In this country there is something to see and admire. Majestic mountain scenery, unique Indian culture, the original national cuisine and natural attractions attract more tourists.

The rest of the country

How to describe the holiday in Bolivia? It variety is undoubtedly:

  1. fans of active recreation can go to the Andes mountains, where skiing, mountain climbing and trekking;
  2. extreme offer a ride on a bike down a dangerous winding Road of death, and hardy tourists go on foot route on the Inca Trail;
  3. the lovers of tropical scenery, is to visit the Amazon jungle with their riot of colors, an abundance of exotic flora and fauna;
  4. lovers of architecture should go in the main cities of the country, the colonial style and its particular local flavor;
  5. for those interested in native American culture, you need to visit far from civilization mountainous villageswhere the lifestyle has changed little over the centuries.

Bolivian hotels of different level of service depending on the number of stars and accessories. Hotels of international networks comply with the stated standard. 5-star apartment is characterized by a high level of service.

For budget travelers designed plenty of other places to stay: hostels, budget hotels, private apartments and houses.

The basis of Bolivian cuisine are potatoes, meat and corn. Meats cook on the pan with the addition of large quantities of oil. In the Outback eat Guinea pigs, which is very exotic for Europeans.

The sights and nature

prirodnoe dostoprimechatelnoe ozero

Bolivia – a real Paradise for lovers of mountain landscapes. See with your own eyes the majestic peaks of extinct volcanoes with a height of more than 6 thousand meters – an unforgettable experience for the tourist.

Lake Titicaca is a unique natural landscape. At the height of 3800 m, there is a large body of water – the highest of all navigable lakes in the world. Since ancient times, native American peoples revered the lake as sacred.

On the shores of lake Titicaca are the ruins of the ancient city of Tiwanaku, which belonged to the Inca state.

About a third of the country occupied by moist tropical forests. Saffron milk wood, vanilla, rubber trees are the most common in these forests. The country is home to jaguars, pumas, llamas,vicuna, Alpaca, various reptiles and many birds and insects.

For those who want to see a truly unearthly landscape, is to go to the salt desert of Uyuni. The landscape here is very beautiful some space. The rains turn the lake into a huge natural mirror.

Depending on the interests of tourists, you can visit a few places:

  • The most extreme ski resort in the world is also in this amazing country. This is the chakaltay with its dozen trails of varying difficulty and rarefied mountain air;
  • For those tourists who are interested in the history and culture of the country is to visit the city of Potosi (silver capital) with the mint and the Cathedral of the XVI century;
  • Colonial architecture can be experienced in La Paz with its large Cathedral, where there are 12 thousand people, the National Museum, the witches Market, Moon valley;
  • In the valley of Zongo beautiful blue lakes, ice caves, the ruins of Tiwanaku is a mysterious city with a Gate of the Sun;
  • In the National Park of Madidi guests will see an amazing variety of landscapes – from the tropical Amazon forests to icy mountain peaks.

Lost in the high mountains of Bolivia today, more and more opens to the world. The tourists are happy, because Bolivians want to show people all the beauty and attractions of their unique country. And let every guest make sure that the epithet of "most-most" could not be better characterize Bolivia.

See this videowhere is Bolivia on world map: