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Central America: photos and videos of the great Big blue hole in Belize

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There is in the oceans, surprising, full of mystery places – the natural karst wells. They are called "blue holes". One of these formations, the most famous and popular tourist destination located in the Caribbean sea. This is the Great Blue Hole – Great blue hole (or the Great).

The great blue hole

Velikaya sinyaya voronka

Nature is so ordered that the most famous of these objects is located in a very scenic corners of the Earth, for example, the hole in the Bahamas and in the Red sea near Egypt. No exception and the Great blue hole. How to find it on the map, is it hard to get there?


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Where is the sea-wonder of nature?

The great blue hole is located in the territorial waters of Belize. Where is the state? Belize is a small country in Central America to the East of the Peninsula of Yucatan, between Mexico and Guatemala. The Caribbean sea washes the Eastern territory of Belize.

Along the shores of the country is the Belize barrier reef. Part of it is the Atoll of lighthouse Reef, in the middle of which is a karstic cavity called the Great blue hole. From the shore it is 98 km away.

Wishing to see this miracle and dive into the depths of the sea usually travel to Mecca by boat from the port of the capital (it is called as the country of Belize).

Historical information

istoricheskaya spravka

The famous great blue hole brought the famous Explorer of the underwater depths, oceanographer Jacques-Yves Cousteau:

  • In 1972, the French, along with other members of the research expedition studied the structure of the underwater excavation, its depth and dimensions.
  • Scientist confirmed that the underwater holes of natural origin, and this geological phenomenon was formed in several stages;
  • That is, he denied the assumption that the ideal form undersea well appeared due to the ancient civilizations or even the intervention of aliens.

With a light hand of the French scientist, Belize blue hole came to be called the great.

Due to the size and the uniqueness of the structure of the underwater formation is included in the list of objects under protection of UNESCO.

The depths of the sea - photo

What processes occurred in the deep sea that contributed to the emergence of a deep underwater crater, how long has it been?

Education underwater funnel

proishozhdenie

A hole was formed gradually, through the course of the karst processes. At a time when the Earth was dominated by the last ice age, the land formed a system of limestone caves. The oceans then were significantly below this level.

After the ice water gradually flooded the cave. When occurred the collapse of the arches began to be formed underwater sinkhole, expanding upward.

The version of the gradual formation of the great blue hole confirms the study found there stalactites. Through the analysis it became known the time of their birth.

The researchers found in a Large hole flooded with water of a cave seventy-metre depth. They are connected by narrow passages. There is an assumption that once using such tunnels, caves Great blue hole was connected to the coast.

Features

With the height of the picture is impressive:

  1. in the middle of the turquoise waters of the Caribbean sea, you can clearly see the correct forma circle of dark, rich blue;
  2. the diameter of the round karst well is 305 meters;
  3. the pit deepens into the sea at 120 meters;
  4. from the surface to 30-meter mark the walls of the pit smooth;
  5. immersed in the 50-meter mark, you can see a variety of stalagmites and stalactites, caves, tunnels (West side of the crater);
  6. frames this "sapphire" is a circle Atoll Reef lighthouse (lighthouse Reef).

Dive into the abyss

For lovers of the underwater world of this place especially attractive. Divers can test their skills there, "tickle" the danger of diving to great depths.

Popular among divers

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Experienced divers are attracted to underwater caves and bizarre stalagmites stalactites. To dive to great depths and explore the mysteries of the holes come the master of technical diving from around the world.

However, this place is popular among lovers of recreational diving.

Diving at a shallow depth can see a sea of exotic, bright colors and abundance of a variety of underwater inhabitants.

Local fauna is considered to be one of the richest in species composition. Divers can see the sharks:

  • Caribbean reef;
  • lemon;
  • whale;
  • baleen shark-nurse.

Also live in these waters are sea turtles, octopus, dolphins, pink snails, large groupers groupers. Underwater depths with several dozen varieties of corals.

So many travel to this amazing place to enjoy the deep landscape and observe the marine life.

Divers whose only goal is to enjoy the beauty of the Great blue hole, there is no need to dive deep, below the level of 30 meters life has almost none. All the abundance is concentrated in the upper layers of water.

Is it dangerous to dive in these places?

Deep makes no sense because it's dangerous. Especially divers-beginners it makes sense to stay closer to the surface.


Besides the Great blue hole is sometimes in its entirety shows his deceit. When there are tides, there is a risk to get into the vortex. Powerful circular motion of the water easily absorbs everything that is in this moment appeared on the surface of the hole, even boats. There are cases of deaths during this natural phenomenon.

And when it's low tide, the hole spews of the entire geysers of water, often with all sorts of garbage. The great blue hole is quite capricious nature, like the blue hole in Egypt.

First acquaintance with this natural phenomenon took place. And for those who are lucky enough to see the Big blue hole firsthand impressions from Dating with her long enough.

See in this video , the divers dive in the depths of the Big blue hole: