Photos of attractions in Bolivia: the death Road, Uyuni salt flats, lake
Speaking about Bolivia, the sights and the life of the country, booklets and websites for tourists often use the word "most". For most tourists, including Russian, Bolivia is the undiscovered country of the world.
Indeed the country richer than other South American States in the amount of natural resources. The largest freshwater lake in the southern hemisphere is located in Bolivia. The country crosses the longest mountain chain of the Earth – the Andes.
Here is the saltiest place on the planet, and dry, by the way, too.
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Architecture - photos and description
Fans of man-made wonders will certainly be amazed with the architecture of the country. It harmoniously coexist two completely different directions: one represented docolomansky buildings, the other legacy of the Spanish colonial era.
To see the ancient structures, it is necessary to visit Tiwanaku, which for the Incas gave the name of "Dead city" and was sure that all his amazing stone buildings – a creation of aliens, because the human hands, and his mind too, do such a thing would not be able to do.
If the journey is about a woman waiting for the child, it is necessary to take out insurance for pregnant women. What is this, and what are the insurance rules, read here.
About closer to our days the period in the life of Bolivia resembles numerous temples, the magnificent and austere:
- the Church of St. Dominic;
- mission San Jose;
- the Church of San Francisco.
Paytiti - the lost city
What tourists are not likely to see, but know this (as one of the cornerstones of local history and mythology) is the lost city Paytiti.
Even if the guide point you to any ruins and explains that there was a Golden city of the Incas, do not believe: the specialists have not yet succeeded, despite numerous expeditions, is identified with the Paytiti the remains of buildings in tropical forest in Northern Bolivia.
According to legend, it was a kind of Eldorado, built literally on gold. Gold, according to legend, were the pavements and walls of houses. Documents confirm that in the XVII-XVIII centuries here lived comfortably Incas, who fled here from Peru, from the Spanish conquest.
What has become of the local population and with the city in the XIX century, unknown to anyone.
According to legend, to see the Paytiti is still possible. To do this, to climb the mountain called APU Caniwi and observe the surroundings.
Pre-need to make an offering, but if it turns out to be insufficiently generous, halfway to the top it starts to rain and hail, and lightning flashed. If, however, the peak is conquered, the brave, but greedy traveler still can not see anything, not even the horizon line – the sky would be overcast with heavy storm clouds.
In Bolivia you can get on the plane. Read this article about the rules of baggage on the aircraft.
Tiahuanaco, Puma Punku and ancient civilization
Tiwanaku – a city that existed on the territory of modern Bolivia 400 years before Inca civilization. On the area of 2.6 square kilometers were 20 thousand people. The city is built from huge stones with well-preserved inscriptions that still could not decipher scientists.
- One of the most amazing structures – the pyramid Akapana. It is made up of seven platforms, put on one another, the total height of the building exceeds 18 m. unfortunately, today we can speak about it only in past tense, because most of the platforms and crowning the pyramid temple has not survived the test of time.
- At temple Kalasasaya was for scientific use, itused for astronomical observations. The name of the building translates as the temple of the standing stones – with the help of these monolithic 40-ton blocks of andesite and red Sandstone in ancient times studied the Sun's position in the sky and determine the exact day of the year.
- Semi-underground temple, located below the soil two feet - kind of mirror reflection of Kalasasaya. It is built of these same rocks on the surface of which are carved hundreds of individuals whose traits are not similar to each other.
The complex of Puma Punku ("Gate of the Puma"), located in the neighborhood of Tiwanaku, also built of stones, giants (weighing up to 400 t), very accurately fitted to each other.
These structures belong to the XVIII century: the six cities were then founded by the Jesuit priests. Extant temples – the synthesis of two cultures, European and Indian.
Built in rugged terrain, these buildings are so great and original that was in the late twentieth century included in the list of UNESCO world heritage.
To visit all these places, the traveler will need at least 5 days (the trip can be done on a tour bus or rental car).
One of the points of the journey – the town of San josé, mission stone here represented by four buildings, connected by stone wall and components of the whole block. Inside buildings and outside, preserved amazing frescoes. Some of them tell of the time of arrival to these lands of the Jesuits and the chances of finding Bolivian independence.
Sucre is the official capital of Bolivia (informal is La Paz, there is the government). The city was founded in 1538. There are many cathedrals and museums built in the colonial style. Interestingly, all the buildings here are painted exclusively in white, which is why Sucre is often called the White city.
It is a tourist center in Bolivia. Those who come here to get acquainted with architectural beauty, do not miss also the opportunity to visit the town of Cal Orko (6 km from the capital) is the largest paleontological Museum under the open sky, where they find dinosaur footprints.
These giants became extinct 68 million years ago, however, formed during the eruption of the volcano ashes "mothballed" their tracks, protecting from erosion.
Here, as in Sucre, it is interesting combines ancient architecture of the indigenous people of Bolivia with buildings in Spanish style. However, it is not frozen in its history the city – it is situated in a stone bowl of dry river, and on its slopes almost constantly growing buildings.
For tourists will be interesting museums, dioramas, and displays representing the various gold and silver objects of the pre-Hispanic period.
Obligatory point of the tourist route – the local marketwhere they sell witches and shamans. There you can buy a toad to attract to your business prosperity, love potions, amulets, herbs, and even the set of attributes with which to communicate with the souls of ancestors.
The name of a large Bolivian city of Cochabamba comes from two words meaning "lake" and "Pampa" (plain, plain). Although as long as there lived the Incas and members of other local tribes, who gave their settlement the name, much water has flowed, and the beautiful lake Alalay is still in the city limits.
In Bolivia, quite a lot of amazing places. Some more unusual angles on the Ground waiting for travelers, read here.
If you're lucky to be in Bolivia in August, you can become a participant of the city festival in honor of the local patron Saint virgin of Urkupina.
The main local attraction also has a direct relationship to religion, it is the Cristo de La Concordia, the tallest in the southern hemisphere the sculptural image of Christ (more than forty meters in accordance with the pedestal). Right in the statue equipped Playground, with its beautiful view of the city.
And Cochabamba with the decision of the Bolivian Senate named the"gastronomic capital of Bolivia". There is always something to surprise gourmets from around the world.
What to see in nature?
The nature of Bolivia is a living illustration of the geography textbooks. On the territory of this country can see what:
- the tropical forest;
- the pampas (steppe);
- Chaco (area with the Park landscape);
- the Pantanal (the drying up of marshy land).
The number living in Bolivia different species of birds the country is on the 6th place in the world and 10th in species diversity of mammals.
Most natural attractions you can see in the national parks, in Bolivia several. In Noel-Kempff Mercado, for example, is home to 130 species of mammals, 250 species of fish. There is an amazing waterfall Arcoiris to whichtourists arrive by plane or by river.
In the Park , Madidi, if you're lucky, you can watch the giant anteater and Amboro to go up into the mountains and see the volcanoes.
100 million years ago lake Titicaca was part of the ocean, today it is a huge "reserve" of fresh water (by the way, Baikal - four times more). Besides – the highest in the Land navigable lake.
His name appears the word "titi", translated as "Puma". If you look at the lake from above, it is easy to verify that the reservoir is indeed the shape of this animal is sacred to inhabit these places are members of the Quechua tribe.
Titicaca is located between Bolivia and Peru. The water surface area of more than 8 thousand square kilometers. On the lake about four dozen Islands, some of them floating, hand-made from cane many centuries ago.
Flights to Bolivia are quite long and tedious, for convenience, you can choose your seat with increased comfort. In the next article discusses classes of service on the plane.
Tourists are usually introduced to one of the large floating Islands - Isla del Sol. On it – the remains of temples, Palace buildings and labyrinths. And all of this is shrouded in many legends. According to one of them, the island was visited by the envoys of other worlds and left the coded message.
Road of death
Very dangerous mountain roadwhere you may be traveling from La Paz, the national Park Madidi not accidentally wears such an ominous title for the year here is split three dozen cars, killed about three hundred people. Road length 70 km, width – a little over three meters. Don't look down, because there is an abyss a depth of 600 meters.
The main danger occurs when on the road you have to pass one to two cars coming towards each other – trucks, buses, trucks.
For such situations developed a special instruction, giving preference to the car, climbing on the way up, and one that goes down, prescribing a certain course of action.
Tourists are strongly not recommended to try to overcome this high mountain serpentine alone: the greater part of the road is no normal coating (it is replaced with rocks, soil, clay), often fog, rain, and sometimes landslides.
The Uyuni Salt Flats
The Uyuni salt flats (Salar de Uyuni) was formed on the dry salt lake. Huge snow-white space (more than 10 thousand square kilometers) called the salt desert. Tourists tend to come here after a rain, when the matte the surface of the former lake turns into a real mirror, which reflects the clouds, the sun and all what is around.
Interestingly, this feature of the Uyuni salt flats used by scientists in the rainy season a huge natural mirror is indispensable for the calibration of satellites. By the way, the reserves of salt here – 10 billion tons.
Realizing the attractiveness of these places to tourists, local authorities have built fancy hotels – salt, and developed the tourist route:
- in the Forest of stones with statues created by nature;
- on fisherman's island, which impresses with its huge cactuses.
This is also a salty lake, but in contrast to Uyuni – not dried out. Pretty shallow (depth 35 cm), it is located in the reserve Eduardo there is no escaping nature. Looks like Laguna Colorado is fantastic: the colour of water is red due to some types of sedimentary rocks and algae, which saturate the water a bright pigment.
Moreover, at different times of the day, the water color may change from red to purple and brown.
This lake is rich with plankton, for birds there is a real Paradise, it is not surprising that 200 species, including the rare James Flamingo, considered the Lagoon their home.
The Desert Of Salvador Dali
In Eduardo, there is no escaping nature has another attraction – a barren Alpine valley, reminiscent of the unusual landscapes of the surrealist work of Salvador Dali. He was not here even once, although it may seem that I spent in these places is not the only one plein air:
- paint here, as in his works (the red, camel, gray);
- unusual forms of rocks, more like trees;
- mountains in snow hats.
And amid all this – flamingos and vicuñas (wild relatives of camels and llamas).
Tourists in these places there are many, evidenced by the great many well-trodden tracks in the sand.
Valley of the moon
Those who visit valley of the Moon, will certainly quote a guest here, American astronaut Neil Armstrong, vysazhivaetsya on the moon, that the local landscapes and the moon are extremely similar.
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Surprisingly, a fantastic landscape is just 10 kilometers from La Paz, and leaves the impression of absolute unearthly. Here love to shoot.
If necessary, in the valley, you can even spend the night – then built a campsite for tourists.
A completely lifeless place cannot be called: flora here are horsetails and special varieties of cactus juice which causes a hallucinogenic effect. Of the animals you can meet geckos, lizards and small rodents Viscusi resembling birds.
To travel to Bolivia left only good impressions, "unorganized" tourists can come in handy the following tips:
- in local hotels the prices are usually inflated, but to bargain (and it gives a result) is not forbidden;
- food will have to pay separately, it is rarely included in the room price, but is pretty cheap;
- sockets arerequired for charging phone and camera, in hotels universal, round, with two pins;
- if you are traveling to the province, to settle in for the night from local residents, this will allow to know better the local traditions and way of life;
- want to take a picture of someone from a local – ask it the permission;
- markets should be wary of scammers and beggars;
- always keep a photocopy of your passport – it can be useful if you have to settle with the police any misunderstanding;
- do not make purchases with the hands, especially for water and alcohol – they can be spiked with drugs;
- on the streets be careful – the rules of the road are usually not adhere to;
- don't be surprised if you often feel dizzy: Bolivia – the country is mountainous, and may affect acclimatization;
- to trip to protect your health, advance purchase of anti-malaria tools;
- the local currency is the boliviano, but everywhere in the move and the U.S. dollar;
- make major purchases – keep receipts, they may be required at customs.
To plan your travel, you can use the smartphone. Read our articlehow gadget can help in training camp.
See a fascinating video about natural attractions in Bolivia: