Galapagos Islands on the world map: where are and who owns?
Exotic tourism is becoming increasingly popular among lovers of unusual travel. And one of the most unique places on earth where you can relax from the stressful pace of modern life, are the Galapagos Islands with their unique nature and the animal world.
- Galapagos Islands on the world map
- Where and to whom belong?
- How to get from Moscow?
- Information about the archipelago
- Historical note
- Flora and fauna
- Inhabited Galapagos photos
- San Cristobal
- Santa Cruz
- The Islands ' infrastructure
- Desert island formation
- Of genovés
- Santa Fe
- Plazas Sur
- Seymour Norte
Galapagos Islands on the world map
Where and to whom belong?
The Galapagos Islands have several names, including the Turtle Islands and the archipelago of colon.
The first name comes from the word galapago in Spanish they designated terrapins big sizes, used to inhabit in abundance.
The Islands belong to the state of Ecuador and are around 972 km in a westerly direction from the coast line of this country. If the question is in what ocean are the Islands, then you can say that they are washed by the Pacific ocean and belong to the Eastern Equatorial part.
The area of the Islands is equal to 8010 km2 and the number of residents exceeds 25 thousand people. Galapagos in a separate province of Ecuador. The largest Islands are:
- San Cristobal;
- Isabela (the height of the volcanic peaks exceeds 1,700 m);
- San Salvador (the maximum height of the volcanic peaks of 518 meters);
- Santa Cruz;
- Fernandina (the corresponding figure – 1134 m).
The capital of the archipelago – the town of Puerto Baquerizo Moreno, the largest settlement on the island of San Cristobal. However, most of galapagoss live in Santa Cruz where Puerto Ayora is the center of tourist activity. The volcanoes on the Islands of Isabela and Fernandina is still active, the rest are extinct.
Going to travel by air, find out in our article about the location of the seats in the aircraft to select the most convenient.
Although the Galapagos are on the equator, the climate is fairly cool due to the presence of icy ocean currents. The average annual temperature rarely exceeds 23-24°C, and the water temperature is approximately 20°C throughout the year. From Jun by November the temperature range ranges from 19-26°C, and with Dec for may - +22-31°C.
How to get from Moscow?
From the capital of Russia to get to the Galapagos is faster and easier just by buying a ticket for the flight airline Aeroflot, KLM, Luftansa, British Airways, Air France and others from href="http://tour.liketourist.com/sovet/chto-posmotret-v-moskve-v-pervuyu-ochered/">Moscow to Quito with a mandatory stopover at one of the airports of the USA or Europe. Direct communication with Ecuador from the Russian capital are available to tourists transit via Madrid, Miami, new York and other Metropolitan areas.
Russian citizens can cross the border of Ecuador without a visa and stay in its territory up to 90 days without a proper visa, but for flight in USA visa need.
Flights arrive at the major international airport of Ecuador Mariscal Sucre. From Quito you can reach the archipelago, using the services of local airlines Ikar and Tame.
The final destination is the island of San Cristobal (note that here the planes fly not every day) and Baltra island near the island of Santa Cruz. The flight from Quito will take 3 hours, from another local big city of Guayaquil, if after traveling from Russia you decide to travel to Ecuador - 1.5 hours.
From Baltra airport to the place of departure of the ferry to nearby Santa Cruz at the Itabaca channel by bus and which travel is not going to cost anything. The crossing to the island takes less than 5 minutes. On Santa Cruz you will be given two opportunities to drive to Puerto Ayora to get on the bus (ticket price is 1.8 dollars, the duration of travel more than 60 minutes) or take a taxi and with comfort to reach the city in 40 minutes for the price of $ 18.
From Puerto Ayora frequent cruise shipsthat are the only option for travel inside the archipelago.
Collection at the airport upon arrival in the country is $ 100. It is prohibited to import:
Tickets for the plane you can buy through this search form. Enter the departure city and arrival city, date and number of passengers.
Information about the archipelago
So the trip was fun and safe, before the trip is to learn more about the ancient origins and modernity of the Galapagos Islands, concealing a lot of secrets from people.
The Galapagos Islands were discovered accidentally in 1535 by the priest-a Spaniard, Thomas de Berlanga, who traveled by ship from Panama to Peru, but a little deviated from the intended path.
The following major milestones in the history of the archipelago are:
- 1832 – the Islands came under the rule of neighboring Ecuador.
- 1835 – a group of scientists, which took part late world-famous Explorer Darwin, acquainted with the nature of the archipelago;
- 1936 – the Galapagos Islands designated a National Park in 1976, the archipelago became a UNESCO world heritage site, and since 1985 is considered a nature reserve of great importance for the global biosphere;
- 1953 – the Islands were visited by Thor Heyerdahl, sought here the traces of the ancient civilization of the Incas.
Scientists suggest that the first island was formed 5-10 million years ago as a result of shifts of tectonic platforms. All of his neighbors arose in the area of the transverse fracture that crosses the East Pacific elevation.
Along the fault line first formed by volcanoes, and then on one of the sites appeared smooth volcanic plateau, it became the Foundation for the Galapagos Islands.
For the Galapagos is characterized by complex shape, bizarre rocky coast and a huge number of coral reefs on the ocean floor off the coast.
Flora and fauna
The flora and fauna of the archipelago is very impressive. Here you can find relict animalsliving peacefully together with the inhabitants of the polar regions and the tropics.
The Islands are inhabited by such rare and endangered species as:
- Sea lion, cormorant, penguin, a Buzzard, a turtle, which lives only in the Galapagos;
- Ordinary conolophus;
- Marine iguana;
- Wood reel;
- Golovanova gannets;
- Sea cucumbers;
- A green turtle.
Also often there are pelicans, pink flamingos, colourful parrots, sand lizard iguanas, tropical birds and their counterparts from the Antarctic latitudes.
The world's xerophytic flora is dominated by grass and shrub growth, and on fresh, newly formed lava fields, resulting from volcanic eruptions, completely lacking soil and vegetation.
In other places the soil is dominated by krasnozemnyy with xerophytic shrubs and herbaceous plants. Miraculously there are mosses of Arctic and tropical lianas. A long-time resident of the Galapagos prickly pear, reaching 10 m in height.
In the depths of the ocean alsolife: it became the home for various species of fish, but huge schools of sharks, dolphins, rays, sea lions and seals, eels.
To plunge into the amazing underwater world of the Galapagos Islands, read this article, at what temperature water you can swim.
Inhabited Galapagos photos
The archipelago consists of 13 main volcanic Islands, 6 islets of small size and 107 created by the rocky and tidal areas. Only four Islands are inhabited.
The island bears the name of the wife of the Spanish monarch Isabella, patroness of the discoverer of America. It is the largest island of the archipelago, education with an impressive area of over 4,600 km2. Here is the most impressive peak of the Galapagos – the wolf volcano, rising above the plain at 1700 m.
The island is the result of combining 6 volcanoes, and on top of its shape reminiscent of a seahorse. Its usual inhabitants – the local cormorants and penguins, boobies, pelicans, finches, flamingos, pigeons, and Buzzards. The most common inhabitants of the beaches, crabs, Grapsus grapsus, marine iguanas.
A small settlement nearby Villamil and Santo Tomas was founded in 1897. Villamil was the center of lime production resulting from the heat treatment of coral.
It is near Villamil's most beautiful beaches with dazzling white sand, fringed by salt lagoons.
Also on the island is worth a visit:
- Of Elizabeth Bay – a favorite habitat of the Galapagos penguins;
- The Bay of the Tagus, where the shore at the old wooden staircase you can climb through forest undergrowth to the circular crater, filled with salt moisture - lake Darwin;
- Punta Moreno is a place on the West coast of the island, forcing to remember about Eden on earth. Here the rocky coast original form blends with mangrove forests, jagged rock formations of lava and natural pools with perfectly clear water.
It was here, in the South of the island, located secret capital of the Islands is Puerto Baquerizo Moreno.
He can not boast of special attractions, however, tourists can see the largest lagoon of the Galapagos fresh water of El Junko. On its banks live in the red-legged and blue-footed boobies and frigates, and near the ocean offers a perfect place to observe life of marine iguanas and lions, dolphins, the habits of the local gulls.
In the world flora of San Cristobal are the most common unusual plants:
Going on beach vacation - the list of things that can be useful in the journey - here.
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This is the most lively and densely populated island of the archipelago with a total area of more than 900 km2, where you can enjoy all the benefits of civilization in a Paradise for tourists of Puerto Ayora. Here are the research station that bears the famous name of Darwin. It engaged in the breeding of wild turtles and their subsequent adaptation in the wild, and unique island national Park. Newcomers should be sure to see such sights:
- Bay "Black tortoise", is surrounded by mangrove trees and favored by the dangerous rays and sharks, as well as quite peaceful turtles;
- Laguna "Cerro dragon" - the habitat of flamingos;
- Crack Las Grietas;
- The Bellavista tunnelformed from lava;
- Peaceful valley Greenhouse;
- Bay Tortuga Bay;
- Amazing craters twins hushed volcanoes and more.
Floreana or Santa Maria - the sixth largest island Galapagos. Here is located the port of Puerto Velasco Ibarra, with a population of about 70 people.
Despite the presence of the island's hotel tourists prefer to visit it in the tour group.
It is worth to visit the following attractions:
- The first post office in the archipelago, which initially looked just like the barrel. Through him, exchanged letters, the sailors of the whaling ships coming to and from the UK. Now this tradition is common among tourists;
- Cape Punta cormorantwhere the sand is almost black, but due to inclusions of the mineral peridot olive green reflection color. Flamingos nest here, live a colony of sea lions, breed sea turtles;
- "Crown of the Devil" is a rock formation with a semicircular shape, extending from under the water. It is an element of a submerged cone of the volcano, where they like to swim divers.
The Islands ' infrastructure
Most are adapted to receive the flow of tourists to the Islands Isabela and Santa Cruz, which can boast the mostwell-developed infrastructure. This files most often arrived on the Galapagos stay in Puerto Ayora: in this city large selection of hotels, shopping centers, and a well-developed entertainment industry.
The most expensive places to stay ocean-front and city hotels offer you quite a budget holiday. The most popular of them:
- Hotel Fiesta Puerto Ayora categorized three-star. There is a restaurant, Solarium, meeting room, games room, Laundry room;
- Hotel La Laguna Galapagos. It is known for its good restaurant and a room for hydro-massage;
- Bay Suites Hotel. Is four stars, as evidenced by the clean outdoor pool and delicious menu at a local restaurant.
Fans of extreme sports will appreciate the very cheap hostels, which are almost all inhabited Islands. But prepare in advance to the bare concrete walls and floor, quite unpresentable underwear and lack of Internet. The price here ranges from 20 to 200-600 dollars for a comfortable room with Wi-Fi, a shower and a shared kitchen.
Small and cozy establishments most on the Islands San Cristobal, Santa Cruz and Isabela. Just for a few dollars you will be able to feast on fish dishes, seafood and almuerzo (set lunch of the first, second dish and drink).
The Galapagos Islands are amazingly picturesque place. What other unusual places there are on Earth, read this article.
Desert island formation
Of the large number of Islands most of them uninhabited, but guided tours allow you to visit these extraordinary places.
Isla Baltra has arisen due to the rise of the lava formations and is located almost in the center of the archipelago. Here is a very arid climate, so it is home primarily to the flora, as bursary, prickly pear and stunted shrubs, and lizards iguanas.
The island is completely no tourist infrastructure and no hotels: this is the only "gate" to the galápagos Islands due to the presence of the airport.
The island was named in honor of the British Navy Lieutenant David Bartholomew. While there are no residents at all, this little island is extremely popular among travelers. It represents an extinct volcano, and impresses visitors with the unusual volcanic formations, the most famous of which is the hill of tufa in the form of a classical cone known as Pinnacle Rock.
Here you can get acquainted with giant turtles and sea lions, as well as traditional penguins in the archipelago. However, it is better not to swim: swims around quite a lot of reef sharks.
Its name this island is borrowed from the geologist of German origin, wolf. Its area is slightly greater than 1 km2, and the island rises above sea level and 253 m. If you love birds, be sure to drop in here: only here you will find a steinadler earthen reel, reminiscent of a vampire: food for it is the blood of gannets.
The fauna of the island – marine iguanas and fur seals, frigates, local gulls, masked and red-footed boobies.
The ocean abounds with playful dolphins and whales that frequent shark attacks.
The island impresses with its miniature area of 1.1 km2 at a height above sea level of 168 m. the Local fauna, which visitors can admire typical of the Galapagos. Here live sea lions, turtles and nimble lizards, red-footed boobies and their exotic counterparts nazka. Near the coast the whales swim and fly frigates.
Its name is borrowed from Italian Genoa, where he was born, Columbus. The island is raised above sea level to 76 m, with an area of 14 km2. Once this place was a huge craterflooded by water: its tip and formed an island.
Some Islands of the Galapagos are larger than entire cities. On the most greater cities of the world read here.
The island is also known as "bird" due to the huge number of nesting birds, including frigates and the local seagulls flying hunting at night. Deserve the attention of tourists the forest of Palo Santo and a panoramic platform "Steps of Prince Philip". At the Genovés also live:
- Members of the family kocourkova;
- Red-footed boobies;
The beach is also important stroll terns, gulls smoky, darwinova reels.
On the island are allowed exclusively to the court, the number of passengers which at least 40 people who moor in the Bay of Darwin. In this place good to watch most of the flying inhabitants of the island and climb the trail to the rock where they build their nests.
The island, an area exceeding 100 km2, rises above sea level on the 343m Almost the only one of its inhabitants – sea lions, lizards, and the local Buzzards. Here are presented great opportunities for diving, but as a rule, tourists see the island from afar, floating by on the neighboring Islands.
Sonorous name he borrowed from one of the ships of Christopher Columbus. It is completely uninhabited, except for the marine iguanas and cats, sparrowhawks and the local gulls.
Also there lived a rare species of sea turtles, considered to be completely extinct in 2012.
Here in the area of 18 km2 are missing any attractions, but to enjoy the life of marine iguanas, Buzzards and lions, ancient tortoises, and also occasionally enjoy the games of the dolphins is quite possible. The name of the island comes from the name of the brothers who headed the crews of the ships "Nina" and "Pinta", curb Columbus.
It is known for its purple hues of the soil, due to the significant concentration of iron covering its lava flows. On this small island education area of 4.9 km2 is home to pelicans, 9 varieties of finches, blue-footed boobies.
Rare brown pelicans hatching right in stunted salt bushes that grow on the beach: this is hardly the only place on earth where they let people get very close.
Coast of Rabida is an excellent choice for diving, but remember the sharp teeth of sharks. The"highlight" of the island lagoon with water of increased salinity, which was chosen by beautiful pink flamingos. Along the trail visitors can climb from the beach on a rocky peak with a reddish hue and admire the ocean views.
This is one of the oldest island communities of the archipelago with volcanic formations, whose age exceeds 4 million years. Take a stroll through the most extensive in the Galapagos forest of cacti Opuntia species.
Don't be alarmed if you see small dinosaurs: it's just iguanas two species of rice rat and land iguanas Barrington, which in other places are extremely rare. On the rocks are nesting tropicbirds, Galapagos gulls, petrels fly, but to watch them very interesting.
It is formed of two like overlapping volcanoes and became a permanent refuge for sea lions and turtles of all kinds. Birds it is worth noting flamingos, Darwin finches and Galapagos hawks. Santiago makes a particularly strong impression because of the lava flows, spread on the ground – the oldest of them has more than 750 thousand years.
The most famous attraction of the island – Puerto EGAS in the southern part of James Bay. Here you can go on an excursion to the old salt crater, repeating the path of the trolleys from its summit to the coast. Nearby are the ruins of buildings and remains of the mechanisms for salt production. In the depth of the crater is a tiny salt lake. The summit offers beautiful views of the orange lava fields, overgrown with grass and low shrubs.
- Caves sea lionsfloating in the majestic pools of lava having a rounded shape;
- Bay Buccaneers, once chosen by the filibusters. Here the majestic impression of sandy beaches scarlet hue and steep rocky peaks of tufa.
Plaza sur is one of the Islands, the twinsformed the geological elevation and tilted to the North. Its area is about 0.13 km2, and the only inhabitants are the cactus species Opuntia and plant sesuvium, whose leaves turn a bright fire in the dry season. It gives to local unusual nature. There is also common ground darting lizards iguanas.
A small island with an area of slightly more than 1 km2 will be interesting to all lovers of ornithology.
Trail has a length of approximately 2 km and passes through the center of the island, fringing the coast.
During the tour you can see natural meandering corridors of natural lava, volcanic formations, to meet a shy iguanas, admire the imposing rookeries of fur seals and watch golovanovym olusanmi and unusual local gulls.
It is the third largest island of the archipelago with an area of 642 km2. One of the most interesting local sights – the lava fieldsresulting from the activity of the volcano. From plants taken root here only lava cactus and mangrove shoots, and of the inhabitants you are lucky enough to see marine iguanas, lions and penguins.
On the island with an impressive area of 60 km2 you may be lucky enough to see the flapping of the Albatross - coast, rugged cliffs, perfect for taking off the giant birds from the tops. Bird kapusany Mockingbird often sits directly on the shoulders of tourists in search of food.
Gardner Bay and Punta Suarez – two local attractions - will introduceyou closer with sea lions and iguanas, tropical colorful fish and lava lizards all shades of the rainbow.
In addition to volcanoes, nature has created another amazing phenomenon - waterfalls. There are waterfalls, stunning eyes its huge water flow and scales. It's about these waterfalls is referred to in the following article.
Galapagos – strange worldvery different from more civilized places. A trip here will definitely remember for a long time.
We recommend you watch the documentary about the amazing Galapagos Islands: