Home / Of the country for vacation / America / The island of Puerto Rico on the world map: what country is this, where is the chute?

The island of Puerto Rico on the world map: what country is this, where is the chute?

Puerto-Riko na karte mira

The island of Puerto Rico on the world map is easy to find, it is a true Paradise in the Caribbean for lovers of tropical delights, colorful coral reefs and the turquoise sea.

Every year it attracts more and more tourists from all over the world. Leisurely lifestyle on the background of Paradise landscapes in the best tradition of Caribbean hospitality offers traveler this amazing island of eternal summer.


Puerto Rico on the world Atlas

gosudarstvo na mirovom atlase

Thanks to the development of the tourism industry, every year come to the island millions of tourists from different corners of the planet.

This island is appreciated for his friendliness, warmth and sincerity hospitable locals.


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Where is and what is a country?

Puerto Rico is one of the States of Central America, consisting of several Islands: the large the small group: Mona, Desecheo and others. They belong to the group of the greater Antilles.

From the East border of the Islands adjacent to the British virgin Islands in the West to the Dominican Republic. The total area of the state is 9104 km2. One of the main problems of the country – a significant overcrowding.

The political structure of this country is quite unusual: the fact that Puerto Ricans have self-government and own Constitution, but subject to the Congress of the United States. Such a device peculiar to the territories preparing to become one of the States of the American Empire.

The highest official is the Governor, elected by local residents. Despite the fact that every inhabitant of the island – American citizenship, to participate in the elections in the White house they can't.

Brief history

istoricheskie svedeniya

The island, whose name literally translates as "Rich port", was opened personally by Christopher Columbus during his second voyage to the New land. First name, San Juan de Bautista, the island was given by the great Navigator, and today the short form of the name is capital.

The indigenous inhabitants here were Taino Indians, soon universally destroyed by the conquistadors.

Gradually Puerto Rico became a Spanish colony and passed all the stages of development, from the largest commercial port to an abandoned island without any serious prospects for development. In the late 19th century Puerto Rico was transferred to the subordination of the United States of America, but big changes in the lives of people to no avail.

20th century for the locals was marked by a prolonged struggle for independence, gradually descending, as the onset of the new Millennium. At the moment an increasing number of islanders are in favour of joining the United States on the rights of the 52nd state.

The state system

gosudarstvennyj stroj

Paradise the splendor of the island does not affect enough of the deplorable demographic situation in the country. The period of active development of Puerto Rico stopped at the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries, and after the Second world war, the outflow of the local population in the continental United States only intensified.

Also, the population decline affected by the deteriorating economic situation, and as a consequence – low level of fertility.

The religious situation in Puerto Rico is quite typical for all Caribbean countries. Significant parity has the Catholic Church, since the days of Spanish rule, recently began to gain influence of Protestant denominations, but the percentage is still not high.

A small Orthodox communityPuerto Ricans, mostly Russian speakers, Ministers to a small Metropolitan parish of the Greek Church in honour of Saint Spyridon, which does not leave hope to go to the jurisdiction of the Russian Church. Also in Puerto Rico there are eight mosques and a Jewish community in the capital.

Languages spoken by the overwhelming majority of people – Spanish and English, and they own them both quite confident, especially urban residents. For a long time the recognition of English language as the second state or the abolition of the status of the various Puerto Rican governors were indicative of the level of political proximity with the local authority of the USA.

Transport

The transportation infrastructure of Puerto Rico is presented at a fairly high level: in view of the absence of the railroad the most remote part of the island is connected by developed roads and highways. However, it should be noted that bus service on the island is not popular: it is easier to take a car.

Guests from the mainland takes Metropolitan airport, Carolina, named after Luis muñoz marín, a well-known political figure of the country and the first Governor elected by popular vote. Also, the airport carries out a scale cargo transportation between the countries of Central and Latin America.

The port of San Juan provides movement of Maritime transport, and in the center of the capital are single-line subway, solemnly opened in 2004.

Flora and fauna

rastitelnyj i zhivotnyj mir

The flora and fauna of Puerto Rico is very rich and represents the best sample of the Caribbean fauna. More fully with a diversity of natural resources of the island can be found by visiting the local nature reserve of the"Caribbean national forest" or "El yunque", the area of which is more than 11 thousand hectares. Beautiful waterfalls, mangrove forests and unusual animals: all this leaves an indelible impression on the most discerning traveler.

Puerto Rico is surrounded by coral reefs, which is a huge number. A true symbol and mascot of the islanders has become a small frog Coca, famous for its deafening, in the literal sense of the word, a cry.

Unfortunately, the aggressive colonialist activities of Spanish invaders led to the global extinction of many species of flora and fauna of Puerto Rico.


Despite this, the island boasts:

  • 13 species of unique terrestrial mammals;
  • 18 species unique to marine mammals;
  • 5 families and 13 species of bats;
  • 349 species of birds;
  • 25 species of amphibians;
  • 61 species of reptiles;
  • 677 species of fish.

The flora of the Caribbean island submitted:

  1. 750 species of plants;
  2. 225 species of trees;
  3. More than 100 species of mosses and ferns.

Climate

klimaticheskie usloviya

The state of Puerto Rico is located in the tropical zone. The climate here is quite mild and humid. The temperature is always relatively high, averaging +27-29 degrees above zero during the entire year. To the South is warmest, and the coolest weather in the center of the island, where lie the mountain ranges. In summer and autumn there was a strong Gale-force winds from the Atlantic ocean.

How to get there?

Direct flights from Moscow to Puerto Rico there, so we have to make at least one change in such major European or us cities such as:

If you have planned a trip from another Russian city, you will have to make another change at Moscow.

And a plane ticket to connecting cities you can buy using this handy search form. Enter the city of departure and arrival, date and number of passengers.

Urban infrastructure

shema krupnyh kurortov

The dense population of the Islands of Puerto Rico leads to the fact that local communities gain size rather large cities. The urban area is infrastructure, which forms so attractive a resort image of the country.

Administrative division

The relatively small island of Puerto Rico and relatedthe island is divided into 78 municipalities, each headed by a mayor, elected in a democratic way. The period of performance of his official duties is 4 years. Each municipality is divided into areas and those into sectors.

At the moment the number of municipalities formed, the latter of which was founded in 1971.

Major resort city

The most significant cities of Puerto Rico from the point of view of recreation and the level of development of resort infrastructure are:

  1. San Juan. The state capital is not only administrative, but also the tourist center of the country. The ancient city, which was founded by Columbus reached its heyday after the Second world war, when it became a real tourist "visiting card" of the island. San Juan attracts tourists not only for its incredible beaches, but also architectural constructions, many of which were built in the 17th century;
  2. Aguadilla. Industrial capital of Puerto Rico located in the North-West of the main island. Despite the large number of banks and business centers, Aguadilla rich and superb beaches that will appeal to everyone;
  3. Mayaguez. A picturesque port city on the West of Puerto Rico located in the gorge of two enchanting beauty of its rivers, the Rio Aguas and Rio Guanajibo. For Eugenio Maria de Hostos this city was not only a home but also a Muse, more than once recognized the famous Puerto Rican educator and writer.

Every coastal city of the island boasts incredible richness of its underwater world, so this kind of recreation like diving, here is not inferior to the beach.

The Puerto Rican trench on the map of the Atlantic ocean

Puertorikanskaya vpadina

On the border of the Atlantic and the Caribbean is notorious for the shifting of underground plates is the Puerto Rico trench, penetrating the seismological situation in the region. A number of large scale natural disasters, the latest of which occurred in 2010, according to research happening here.

The Puerto Rico trench is located 120 km to the North of the Caribbean Islands of the same name. It is a narrow recess with a length of 1,700 km and a width of 94 km. the Measurement of American scientists on the ship Vima showed that his depth of 8742 meters. This is the deepest part of the Atlantic ocean.

The shape of the chute is long and narrow. It is a transition from land to the oceans, in other words: the island mountain range.

The island of Puerto Rico is sufficient relief and the main mountain range runs through the middle of it and is referred to as just Central. At the bottom of the trough are volcanoes, today inoperative. US authorities constantly monitor the Caribbean for the prevention and protection of population from natural disasters in the form of tsunami and earthquakes.

We encourage you to watch a fascinating program about vacation in Puerto Rico: