Sights of Tajikistan (Dushanbe): view photos and names
One of the oldest countries - Tajikistan. Attractions spread throughout its territory. In the vast country there are ancient monuments of architecture and natural beauty worthy of the attention of tourists.
Attractions - photos, names, and description
The main attractions of Tajikistan are concentrated in the capital, Dushanbe, and are also scattered in other settlements.
When planning a trip, you can make an interesting route through the most interesting places.
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What to see in Dushanbe?
The capital of Tajikistan is a small area located between the mountains. In this city the attention of old streets and wide avenues, large squares and tastefully decorated home.
In the following article you will be able to see which family won the greatest popularity among tourists.
Visit the main square of Dushanbe, it is possible to get acquainted with the rich history and culture of the country. First and foremost, the attention of tourists are attracted by the area of it. Sadriddin Aini – the area with the sculpture of the national writer, and all around him are the characters of the works.
Known and loved by many tourists of the area:
- 800 anniversary of Moscow – a favorite place for recreation among the creative class;
- Friendship is the most beautiful square with a statue of Ismail Samani in the center;
- Putovskogo – a real decoration of the city with fountains, fluffy fir trees and flowers.
Vivid architecture of the city is located along the Prospekt Rudaki. It passes through the capital, starting from the main airport and the gorge of the river Varzob. The greatest value to tourists are:
- the Dushanbe hotel is one of the first high-rise buildings of the city;
- Tajik State national University – a major educational institution;
- theatre of Opera and ballet. S. Aini is one of the most remarkable structures;
- the hotel "Vakhsh" – the building that served as a hospital for the wounded during the war;
- National library of them. A. Ferdowsi – elegant construction and main repository of priceless literature of Tajikistan;
- The national Philharmonic. Rudaki – old structure that emerged in 1943
Also very attractive and extraordinary buildings – the White house, the Museum of Bekhzod, the Parliament and the Circus.
All the buildings fit harmoniously into the overall appearance of the city and acquaint tourists with the development of the city and its transformation from a small settlement to the capital of Tajikistan.
For tourists interested in historical past, opened the exhibition with a rich collection of exhibits:
- National Museum of antiquities – exhibition with incredibly valuable exhibits like the statue of "Buddha in Nirvana" with a length of 12.85 meters;
- The Museum of Ethnography, Institute of history of Tajikistan – a collection of valuable objects of everyday life and culture of the people of this country;
- The Museum of musical instruments of Gurminj Zavkibekov – exhibits collected from all corners of Tajikistan;
- National Museum of Tajikistan is a storehouse of 5000 fine items and the history of art.
Before stay in a hotel that is available in our article with the classification of rooms. This will help you to choose a comfortable room.
Outside of Dushanbe is the main architectural value – Gissar fortress – a symbol of the fact that the city has a rich history and many colorful legends. Once inthe walls of this building lived the local rulers. Inside it was built artisans ' quarters, caravanserai, mosque and madrasah. In our days, the fortress remained the gate towers and the arch.
One more monument of architecture – Ajina-Tepa is a small hill with the remains of a Buddhist monastery. It was discovered during excavations in 1959 and soon this place became a UNESCO monument. Scientists were able to find rectangular yards surrounded by cloisters and shrines, a stupa and a wooden statue of Buddha.
"The Northern capital of Tajikistan" is of particular interest to those who decide to follow in the famous footsteps of the Great silk road. That Khujand is not less popular than in Samarkand or Bukhara, say numerous architectural monuments – mosques, mausoleums, FORTS and other structures.
The main historical monument of Khujand – the citadel – complex, well-preserved 5-6 centuries BC From the time of its construction and for many centuries the construction of constantly changing the appearance and strengthened. Because of this, he was considered the most powerful in Central Asia as long as to strengthen got Genghis Khan.
Over time, the fortress managed to recover and now there is a Museum of the history of the country.
Among the architectural monuments worth noting:
- mosque Masjidi Jami is a magnificent building, built in the XVI century;
- the Church of Mary Magdalene – a historic building that suffered the fire.
The Khujand looks incredibly comfortable, especially the center, built modest homes just a couple of floors. They are surrounded by clean and cozy streets, decorated with greenery. Everywhere across small sculptures and monuments, reminiscent of the Soviet past of the city, as well as busts and bas-reliefs.
The most famous monument of Khujand – the statue of Ismail Samani – ruler, who became the real pride of the Tajik nation and the entire Persian-speaking people. He is considered the first ruler of the state of Tajiks and king who brought his people many victories and greatly expanded the borders of the state.
To visit the sights of Tajikistan visa is not required. Read here, what other places can only be visited with a passport.
The history of Khujand can be found in the museums of the city:
- Historical Museum;
- The Republican local history Museum. Abu Abdullah Rudaki;
- Historical Museum of archeology and fortification.
The walls of these institutions assembled a significant collection of objects relating to the history, lifestyle, traditions and customs of the people of Tajikistan.
A small piece of the past, located in Western Tajikistan, rich architecture, monuments and museums of ancient history. Penjikent was founded about 5,500 years ago, and for its time it was considered to be well-fortified and well-maintained settlement with palaces, temples, markets and homes of the wealthy settlers.
The popularity of Penjikent was due to the fact that he was the last settlement of the silk road, the trade road running from Samarkand to the mountains kuhistan.
No caravan could not bypass the city, so it bloomed and grew rich. It was not until the 5th century – until then, until it was destroyed by the Arabs, completely destroying all buildings.
From the great city were very modest past ruins on the outskirts of Penjikent is an ancient city with a citadel, surrounded by office and residential buildings. For tourists available buildings with wall paintings. The rest of the relics available in the Museum. Among them are particularly noteworthy manuscripts of the rulers, sculpture and household items.
In Panjakent meet ancient architectural structures:
- The Mausoleum Of Rudaki;
- settlement Sarazm;
- The Mausoleum Of Muhammad Bashoro;
- architectural complex Hazrati-Bobo.
Getting acquainted closer with the Panjakent and its ancient buildings, you can discover the history of an important center of Eastern civilization. Here you can learn about the life, traditions and customs of the inhabitants, who inhabited the center of Sogdiana, to stroll through the dilapidated palaces and see the fragments of the altars.
Being one of the oldest cities in Tajikistan, Istaravshan is a settlement where the best-preserved ancient architectural and cultural historical monuments from different eras. It was once a major center of crafts and trade in Central Asia.
In the vast center of crafts and trade, the inhabitants made knives, fabric with embroidery, national shoes and dishes.
The main attractions of Istaravshan – architectural monuments:
- the settlement Mugteppa;
- the fortress of Kah-Kaha;
- Fort Chilhujra;
- madrassah Kok Gumbaz;
- the mausoleumBobotago;
- the mausoleum Hoguera;
- the mosque Hazrati Shoh.
In addition, the city is a lot of sacred places for pilgrimage – mosques and mausoleums of the great people of Tajikistan.
A small village also attracts tourists with the abundance of archaeological finds, the duration of which reaches 3.5 thousand years. One of such relics is the same Gissar fortress – the oldest building, the former residence of Emir of Bukhara.
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Along with this interest:
- oldest madrasah madrasai kuhna;
- the new madrasa , Madrasai NAV;
- caravanserai "Khishtin";
- the mausoleum of makhdumi Azam.
Special attention should be paid to the mosque Sangin , an ancient stone monument, which was built in 12-16 centuries.
For the first time the name of the city is found in the XIII century. In those days it was considered a major center of trade, crafts and politics. Passed him, the Great silk road, so its open spaces were built mosques, schools and madrasas.
Due to archeological excavations there were discovered the remains of buildings, evidence of the importance of the settlement.
The main attractions of Sochi:
- the memorial complex of Mir Sayid Ali Hamadoni;
- The historical Museum.
Visits to such places allows you to get familiar with the history of the city, its magnificent architecture, dome decor, plane trees and other details that reveal the history of Kulyab.
The history of this city began from the moment when the local Sultan ordered everyone to return home, to bring in skullcap a handful of soil. Because of this, soon the territory will be a mound, and on it was built a lookout tower.
Must-visit architectural monuments in Kurgan-Tyube:
- the ancient settlement Lagman;
- hill "Ajina-Teppa";
- springs chilu Chor Chashma.
Nowadays, the vast Kurgan-tube was found a few artifacts, many of which are given in the museums of Tajikistan, is in part a local history Museum.
The most unusual places include the diorama "teppaikurgon" and "Rasta particular".
Tourism in Khorog is developing successfully in the city restaurerede historically significant sites and museums filled with precious artifacts. First, interest is Kofir-Kala is an archaeological complex located near the town on a high cliff. It is a fortress and two churches, and buildings, showing the rituals of the peoples of the Eastern Pamirs.
Impressive Botanical garden – the second highest in the world after Nepal storehouse of unique spaces from around the world. Here you can find plants from America, Asia and Africaand also from Europe.
The most beautiful natural places
One of the main attractions of Tajikistan – the unique nature of this region. In different places, are the objects, familiarity with which will leave only good impression.
Snow-capped mountains impress with their unique beauty, so this place is the most popular route for Hiking. The tops are decorated with dozens of peaks, and between them lies a 30 mountain lakes with turquoise water, fantastic waterfalls and streams.
In the fan mountains are peaksin excess of 5000 km:
- The Big Hansa;
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These places attract tourists and fans of extreme sports – mountaineering, trekking and Hiking.
On the territory of Tajikistan are legendary bodies of water, attracting beauty and purity. One of them – Karakul – enclosed lake, which became the largest in the country. Even despite the fact that its name translates as "Black" water in it is transparent and blue, and in calm weather you can easily examine the distribution of depths.
Another lake – Sarez – appeared relatively recently. It highlights the extraordinary beauty and clarity of the water, but the legend and story of origin associated with the appearance of the waterfront, attract tourists to meet in person.
Sarez lake was formed after the earthquake. During the displacement of the rock strata originated the dam blocked the flow of the riverMurgab. Water from the river began to rapidly spread across the region, flooding local villages along with their inhabitants.
According to statistics, at the bottom of the lake Sarez is a "mass grave" of the 900 people, as well as various household items.
Among all the lakes of the fan mountains is particularly notable Iskanderkul – pond, named in honor of Alexander the great. According to legend, the commander stumbled upon a settlement during the Indian campaign and commanded to direct the course of rivers so that residents flooded, and the place of the village the lake was formed.
The Pamir highway
The highway, stretching for 700 km, suitable for memorable journeys through the picturesque countryside. The road connects Dushanbe and the Kyrgyz city of Osh, and it appeared in the middle of the last century. In 1894, the construction took a Russian engineer parts.
The construction of the tract was carried out in difficult conditions – the road was paved between the slopes of the mountains, on the coast of the Panj river and the Afghan border. But in our days those who decide to explore this route, you will meet on your way a lot of the natural heritage of the country, including Karakul lake, high mountain ranges and passes:
Tajik national Park
On the impressive area of 2.6 million hectares to the population of Tajikistan was able to collect unique flora and fauna of the country. Here you can see endangered species of animals, the pristine beauty of the majestic mountains and Alpine scenery. These places are popular with those who prefer ecological tourism.
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Pond, locally known as "Tajik sea", appeared on the territory of the country during the construction of the HPP. Its dimensions are quite impressive: length – 75 km, width – 20 km. Height of the dam is 32 meters and the water depth is 25 meters.
Despite the fact that the reservoir was planned to be used for industrial purposes, its open spaces love to relax residents of Tajikistan. In the summer the water warms up to 32 degrees. Because of this, there emerged a own flora and fauna.
Hot spring Garmchashma
The healing properties of the mineral hot spring garam Chashma is known far outside the country. It also contains useful elements – fluorine, iron, aluminum and magnesium. During the existence of the source, there appeared the hospital, and resting in them may not only improve your health but also to watch the beautiful views of the eternally snow-capped mountains.
- In Tajikistan, there are no rules regarding clothing, but still recommended to wear clothes with covered shoulders, arms and legs, especially if you plan a trip to religious sites.
- Tajik cuisine – dishes from mutton and goat meat, rice, beans. You should definitely try the local risotto.
- Water purification is far from perfect, so is to drink only boiled water.
- Best Souvenirs – weaving and embroidery, in particular, bathrobes, dresses, belts and hats.
See the sights of the capital of Tajikistan in this video: