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Where are the Mariana Islands - show on the map of the world

Marianskie ostrova na karte

Perhaps one of the most mysterious places on Earth – the Mariana Islands. This place, which is sometimes referred to as the best of the remaining mysterious parts of the USA and which attracts thousands of tourists with its unique nature and many historical places.


Mariana Islands on the world map

Gosudarstvo na karte mira

The remoteness of the Mariana Islands from the "mainland" makes them a unique place where the atmosphere of peace and absolute serenity. A real Paradise for lovers of gorgeous panoramas, unique sunsets and crystal clear air.

Where?

Mariana Islands is a small island nation, whose territory covers the 15 Islands of the archipelago. They are located in the Western tip of the Pacific ocean, in the region called Micronesia.

Most travelers come here in search of solitude from the hustle of big cities and to see the monuments of the "Battle for the Pacific" during the Second world war.


The Islands of the archipelago are arranged so that they form two lines with a total length of over 700 kilometers.

Due to its geographical location, the Mariana archipelago has no clear boundaries with neighboring States. To the South are the Caroline Islands (Federated States of Micronesia). Conditional natural boundary separating the Philippine sea from the Pacific ocean, is the location of the Mariana Islands.

Relief

neodnorodnyj relef

The Mariana archipelago consists of two chains, located on the North and South. In the Northern circuit most of the Islands is formed by volcanic activity cones with a height of over 900 meters. It is noteworthy that some of them are small active volcanoes. Islands in the southern chain is partly volcanic in nature, partly formed by corals.

The nature of the Mariana Islands typical of the region of the tropics, there are plenty of places where almost no one has gone before. Coral reefs Mariana Islands amaze with its splendor and fantastic forms, and the deepest place on earth – 11-kilometre-long Mariana trench is only a few dozen kilometers from the archipelago.

The coastal waters abound with fish, the beaches extend for thousands of metres and rich underwater world and tries to show all its splendour to lovers of diving and snorkeling.

Climate

The climate of the Mariana Islands is characterized as a humid, tropical ocean.

The average temperature in the daytime hovers around +28/+33 degrees Celsius, and at night drops only a few degrees to +23/+25 degrees.

Humidity is quite high and reaches 75-85%. Clearly distinguished two seasons: from Dec for may in this area begins the season of winds, and since June in November comes the time for typhoons.

How to get out of Russia?

Easiest way to get here from some countries in Asia (China, Japan, South Korea) or America, so among the guests on the Mariana Islands is dominated by the Japanese and the Americans.

Because of the large distance Mariana Islands from Russia there are no direct flights in this direction.

Airport of the main island of the archipelago, Saipan is possible to fly Asian airlines. Transfer flights in this direction are carried out in Shanghai, Tokyo or Seoul. The duration of such a flight would be about 16 hours, not including connections.

Plane tickets to choose fromusing this form of search. Enter the city of departure and arrival, the date, the number of passengers.

The state system

Gosudarstvennoe ustrojstvo ostrovov

Picturesque coral reefs, the opportunities for sea fishing, surfing and diving are all available today in abundance. But not all the time the inhabitants of the Mariana Islands life seemed like a fairy tale.

History

The development of the Northern Mariana Islands has occurred many centuries ago – about the year 500 of our era, there appeared the first settler tribes of Chamorro, having some kinship with the modern peoples of Polynesia. They were experienced sailors who actively explored the Pacific Islands and left behind memorable characters – a famous stones "latte", whose height can reach 6 meters.

Interestingly, some historians see in the stones "latte" a certain analogy with the mysterious statues of Easter island.

European influence on the Mariana Islands began thanks to the legendary Explorer Fernando Magellan who was the first European who discovered these lands during the circumnavigation in 1521. On his ship he passed through the southern group of Islands and called them "Isla-de-Los-Ladrones", which translated means "Island of thieves".

The name was changed to "Las Marianas" in the mid-seventeenth century, when it was found in these parts of the Spanish priest Luis Diego Sanvitores have named them after the Queen of Spain Maria Anna of Austria.

In 1668, the missionaries of the Jesuits, led by Sanvitores, organized on the Islands first mission, with whose appearance between the local population and the European colonists began the conflict. The war lasted for two decades, and the result was the eviction of the majority of natives on the island of GUAM.

istoriya strany

In the XIX century the resettlement was started on the Mariana Islands of Spaniards and immigrants from the Caroline Islands, gradually the interest in the archipelago began to show, and Germany. In 1899, Spain sold the Northern Marianas to the German government, which hoped to organize industrial production of coconut pulp. However, these plans have adjusted the outbreak of the First world war, and was stronger and concerned the Japanese seizure of the island.

The Japanese began on the Islands to grow sugar cane, cutting down rainforests and thickets of coconut palms. In the 30 years of the twentieth century Mariana cane plantations guaranteed the lion's share of the profit of Japan.

Dramatic events unfolded in the archipelago in the years of the Second world war, when the archipelago became a site for one of the cruelest and bloodiest battles in the Pacific. The armed forces of the United States in the summer of 1944, landed on the coast of the island of Saipan in parallel and attacked the Japanese fleet.

Victims of the battle, thousands of soldiers of both armies, but the maximum damage was suffered, the civilian population of the Islands.

Subsequently, the United States staged a military airfield, which was destined to go down in history. This base was in the sky up two heavy bomber that dropped the atomic warheads on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. After the war the Islands came to the world, they are submitted to the United Nations, since 1947, were under the influence of the United States.

Policy

Politicheskij rezhim

The Mariana Islands are a Commonwealth internal self-government. 1986 acted in a state status "free associated" to the United States, thanks to which the Islands acquired by the local government. Custody of the United States ceased in 1993. The state and the government as the elected Governor.

The Islands are a presidential representative democratic system. The main person in the state Governor. Mariana Islands are in political Union with the United States, and common trust funds are managed by a special division within the U.S. Department of the interior.


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The population

The population of the Mariana Islands archipelago is about 700 thousand people. Among them – representatives of different nationalities:

  1. The vast majority of residents - representatives of the Philippine nationality - 34%;
  2. Second place goes to nation Chamorro -30%;
  3. The third Chinese - 12%;
  4. Completing the list of Micronesian - 8%;
  5. People from the Caroline Islands - 5%.

In addition, the Islands of the archipelagolive Americans, Japanese, Koreans, Australians.

Religion and language

The official language of the Commonwealth is English. In second place is the language of the Chamorro people, as well as the important role Carolinian, Filipino, Japanese, Korean and Chinese languages.

For the Mariana archipelago, the representatives of each religious group have their own organization and premises to conduct ceremonies.

The main religious currents:

  • Catholicism;
  • Protestantism;
  • Islam;
  • Local religions and cults.

Here are the activities of numerous sects, ranging from the Mormons, ending with the seventh day Adventists.

Map of the Mariana Islands with cities

Karta Marianskogo arhipelaga

Of the 17 Islands inhabited only 4: Saipan, Tinian, Rota and GUAM.

Capital

The capital of Mariana Islands is the city of Susupe, which is located on the island of Saipan. He is very popular among tourists from South Korea and Japan, who come here in large numbers.

The susupe attracts with its slow measured rhythm, the absence of disasters and shocks, which is so important for the modern man.

In Susupe you can enjoy the warm summer all the year round and forget about all worries.

Major cities

  • The largest city in the archipelago is Garapan, located in the Western part of the island of Saipan. Here are concentrated most of the administrative buildings on the Islands. The city is unique in that its borders are not clearly defined, and nearly the whole Western coast of the island stretches a chain of small towns surrounded by farms and lush gardens of houses.
  • Big village Songsong – the largest settlement on the island of Rota. It is located in the southwestern part of the island. Usual urban rules do not apply here – the inhabitants are doing just fine without traffic lights and shopping centers. Almost every step here you can see all kinds of stones, which are used not only for construction but also perform the function of the markup.
  • The city of Hagåtña is the administrative center of the island of GUAM. It is situated on a narrow isthmus separating the Philippine sea and the Pacific ocean. The city was founded in 1668 by the Spanish, created the island's first Jesuit mission. Here you can admire the beautiful scenery and notable historical monuments.

See the informative video on the Mariana Islands: