Salt lake on the map of Turkey: a photo and where are van, Salda, ACE?
On our planet there are a lot of amazing places to see with your own eyes. One of them is located in Turkey lake van. This is the largest on the planet soda lake.
Lake van on the map
Its size the van takes 4th place in the world among perennial inland water bodies. Local residents it is called lake Van.
And what the sea actually washes the shores of Turkey, you will learn from this article.
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The lake is located in Turkey on the Armenian highland in Eastern Anatolia. Cavity, where it is of tectonic origin, it is surrounded by the slopes of the Kurdish mountains, East of the Brands and the Range Aladaglar. It has long been "sleeping" volcanoes. Above the level of the world ocean body of water rises at 1648 m.
About 200 000 years ago a lava flow with a length of 60 km after the eruption of the volcano, Nimrud blocked the possibility of outflow of water from lake van basin of Mush.
Thus in the deepest place of the basin formed inland of water.
Scientists believe that some time will pass, the lake begins to change in size and, in the end, will dry up. A prerequisite to this development is the extension of the erosion of the Eastern Taurus, which gradually forms a drain for the water in the pool is one of the most famous and largest in West Asia the river - Tiger.
The Armenian highland is characterized by a continental climate, it is quite severe. So the average temperature:
- in July is +22-25°C;
- in January - -12-16°C.
Observed frost to -45°C.
Near the lake the climate is milder. In summer the average temperature is about the same, but in the winter much warmer, and the thermometer in January the average is around the level of -3,5°C.
The average annual amount of precipitation near the lake – 400-700 mm.
Fairly mild climate and the artificial irrigation of coastal areas contributes to the fact that there are growing and actively fruit:
- olive trees;
- pomegranate trees and other characteristic of the gardens of the Mediterranean.
The water in the summer on the lake surface warms up to +20°C and at a depth of 50 m the temperature is always constant +3°C.
The lake is very salty, and water in it never freezes, except in a few small areas of shallow water in its Northern part.
Characteristics of van sea - photo
A large number of small Islands give the lake a special charm.
Description and features
Lake van is the outline, which can be roughly compared with the triangle. An area of 3574 km2, is the largest in Turkey and the second largest in the middle East of the lake (after lake Baikal. Urmia in Iran).
A narrow Strait van is divided into 2 parts: large and deep, and the North - small small.
- The depth of the reservoir in an average - 161,2 m.
- The volume of water is of the order of 576 km3.
- The coastline stretches for 430 km.
In the widest place it extends over 119 km and depth sometimes reaches 451 m.
On wild rivers of Turkey can be found on the rafts. Read here, in some parts of the country possible.
The main feature of the lake van is the composition of its water. It is salty, but the water is not uniform. The water is almost fresh in places where the van falls into a river (it is the North and East sides):
The average salinity is 22 PPT. At a depth of 100 m the salinity 67‰, higher than that of the Black sea. In different areas the concentration of salts can vary widely. The salinity level changes with seasons– in the spring and early summer, melt water from mountain glaciers and frequent rains diluted the lake.
The water contains many different minerals, among them soda. PH of 9.5 to 9.8. The nature of water alkaline with a predominance of sodium salts, and this gives it cleaning properties.
The quality of the lake water were noted in his works, even the Roman geographer and historian Strabo.
People settled in these places since the Neolithic. Here in Mesopotamia, began the modern civilization. Archaeologists believe that the capital of the ancient state of Urartu was located on the spot where now is located the city of van.
But other specialists believe that the therapeutic properties of the water in lake van is superior to the Dead sea, and here cure diseases such as rheumatism and arthritis.
To the wonders of lake van can be attributed to the unique fauna:
- Pearl mullet. It belongs to the family of carps, but looks like a normal herring. This unique fish feels great in the seemingly uninhabitable water of the lake, right to spawn out to where the water is fresh. The pearl mullet ROE is considered a delicacy;
- On the shores of the amazing lives vansky cat. Out of the country it is prohibited. He has white fur and eyes, often in different colors – one blue, the other green. He swims well and catches fish in the lake;
In lake van is home to a monster. Thousands of witnesses have seen this creature around the size of 15 meters with a long neck and head of a plesiosaur (or somebody else of those times).
Japanese scientists spent six months on the shore of the lake hoping to capture it on film. A staff of enthusiasts worked at the University of the city of van. Unfortunately, reliable information has not yet been obtained. Although it is possible that it is simply a desire to attract tourists to less popular until they have of Turkey.
The tips of the ears of a red cat, according to the legend, they just turned the sun, while their owner was swimming in the water, holding them out.
Also in the water of the lake is home to about 140 species of plankton.
In addition, the lake Constance ferry crossing for a railway route Ankara – Tabriz (Iran).
Other lake bowl Turkey
In addition to lake van deserve the attention of tourists and other lakes of Turkey.
This lake is located in the province of Burdur at an altitude of 1200 m above the ocean level. It is also of tectonic origin.
Read also the article about the lakes of Russia, for which salinity can compete with the very Dead sea.
Lake Salda was the second deepest in the country after lake van (184 m). It is considered as the most transparent and beautiful in Turkey.
The shore of the lake covered with mineral deposits, similar to white sand. The special composition of clay and hydromagnetic, which is rich in the lake, treat acne and fungal skin diseases. The mineral composition of the water is such, that she slightly glows in the dark.
Salda at one time was compared with the Martian crater White Rock, as cyanobacteria lake as a result of their life form of deposits, similar in appearance to the Martian. It is the oldest structure on Earth existing for billions of years.
Others compare the Salda with the Maldives for its turquoise water and white beaches. Even in the hottest weather the sand gets hot. Beaches surrounded by pine forest.
Salda is included in the UNESCO list, while 12 hectares of the territory around the lake in 2011 turned into a natural Park.
For its size, this lake occupies the 2nd place in Turkey. It is located on the Anatolian plateau (900 m above sea level). Lake area - 1665 km2 and the depth is from 1 to 2 m. once the Greeks called him even the Phrygian sea.
It also has no drain, flow into it the streams and small river, Melendez. Salinity - 340‰.
In the hot summer time the water evaporates, and about half the lake surface is covered with salt layer, its thickness can reach up to 0.5 m, and then on the lake it is even possible to pass.
The water level is increased due to precipitation in winter and spring, as well as underground sources. By the end of the spring, the area comes to 2500 km2.
Of the order of 70% of all salt produced in Turkey is here. In the Northern part of the lake are the salt-mining plants.
Blue lake in New Zealand is the cleanest lake in the world. Read herewhat other lakes distinguished by the purity of the water.
The lake is popular among tourists also because in the South Pacific on small Islands live pink flamingos.
Amazing colouring of their plumage gives beta-carotene, which the birds receive feeding on crustaceans (Artemia). And those, respectively, extract it from algae (Dunaliella saltwater). This Alga (unicellular) in the case of reducing water salinity in spring producesglycerin and beta-carotene as a protective measure. At this time in the lake water also becomes pink.
ACE is deservedly considered one of the wonders of Turkey. Since 2001 the lake is under protection of UNESCO.
This lake is one of the main attractions of the black sea region of Turkey. From a geological point of view of the local mountains are still young, the river freely drawn to the sea, and only an accident can stop them.
So what happened to the Uzungol lake – landslide in the mountains in ancient times has stopped running the water in the river and created this wonderful pond.
The lake area of only 0.2 km2, it is fresh water, the amount of which depends on the time of year.
People built all around the pond embankment and a concrete embankment, which set the benches on the river flowing into the lake, made a dam to keep the water down beautiful waterfalls.
On the shores of the lake, there are nice hotels and a restaurantwhere you can eat freshly caught trout.
One of the business owners keen on making crafts from stumps and snags, so many items in hotels and restaurants, including the furniture made by him. The same works came out of his hands, exhibited along the walls on the street.
The hallmark of the lake is considered to be troutthat you can catch yourself on the sports gear, and this trip is a "feature" of Uzungol. However, in spring the process is greatly hampered by the rapid flow of the river. But you can fish in cages.
So, Turkey attract tourists not only for its warm sea and beaches, but also unusual lakes.
We encourage you to watch a video about the unusual vanska cats and about the van lake: