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Where is Japan with cities on the world map in Russian language photo

YAponiya na karte mira

Japan is an ancient country with a rich and interesting history, distinctive culture and a large number of iconic attractions and unique places.

To be in a technologically advanced city, climb snow-capped mountains, swim in the sea and visit the ancient atmospheric space, it is desirable to know where Japan is on the world map.

Japan on the world map and Eurasia in Russian

strana na mirovom atlase

Being one of the most high-tech countries in the world, Japan draws on its vast many tourists.

The problem is that to reach the country would not be very easy because it is located far from Russia, especially from its Central parts.


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Where and on what continent?

The location of Japan on the world map - the East Asia. This country owns about 6,800 Islands, but only four of them are densely populated. They are the main part of the state, of interest to tourists.

It is worth noting that the country has no territory on the mainland – it owns the only island. Their territory in the East is washed by the Pacific ocean and on the West the sea of Japan.

Who is on the border?

s kakimi gosudarstvami granichit?

Japan has no land borders, only the sea. On the Northern borders within the sea of Okhotsk is a state bordered by Russia – Sakhalin and the Kuril Islands, the southern Islands have common water borders with the Philippines, and on the West and North-West sea of Japan unites with China and South Korea.

It should be noted that each of these boundaries in Japan, there are controversial issues regarding some areas.

Geographical features of the area

Because of its location and distance from mainland Japan has some distinctive geographical features. The whole group of Islands forms an arc from North to South, the length of which is about 3500 kilometers. The total area of the country is 377 915 sq km, of which land is 374 744 sq km, water - 3091 sq. km.

One of the main features of the area is that 80% of the land is mountainous, the highest of which is mount Fuji. That is why Japan is not so rich in mineral resources, its territory found deposits of coal, oil, sulfur and iron.

But the presence of seas and oceans country provides a large selection of seafood.

geografiya regiona

All of Japan was formed during the earthquakes. This event recalls the fact that these Islands are geographically located in the area of Pacific ring of fire – belt and the intersection of oceanic and continental plates. It stretches throughout the Pacific, and it includes the Kuril Islands, the Philippines, Kamchatka, and New Zealand, as well as a number of other countries.

In Japan, you'll be a lot of active and dormant volcanoes, one of them – Fuji – volcano, known to the whole world. It is a local landmark, but also incredibly dangerous natural formation. In our days it is considered almost not active – the last eruption was in 1707 and lasted for almost a year. You can find it on the island of Honshu.

Due to the geographical characteristics of small earthquakes happen every day 2-3 times. But these phenomena are considered normal, therefore they do not attach importance to. But the country has become a leader in earthquake prediction, and the skyscrapers in seismically activezones have become the hallmark of well-developed technologies.

Brief history

According to history, the first population of Japan originated in the territory of the country for 8,000 years BC the First settlers were proteiny is the people who came to the island from the South-East Asia, more precisely from the Philippines. To our time lived their descendants, the Ainu. They were engaged in fishing, hunting and gathering.

Later, in 3000 years BC on the island of Ruru came South-the Mongols – the population that represents the bulk of the country. Later came the Aleuts, the Eskimos and natives of Australia and Polynesia. In the III century, the island was filled by the inhabitants of the mainland Chinese and Koreans, in the V century there was writing, and 710 in the year there was the first capital, Nara.

In the early XII century in Japan begins to form system classes:

  • samurai;
  • farmers;
  • merchants;
  • artisans.

istoricheskie svedeniya

By this time the country is uniting, and the ruler becomes king of the dynasty. Centuries ago this country tried to capture, colonize, and pilgrims – to impose its religion, so a decree was issued on "closure"of the territory to the outside world.

Through these actions, Japan for over 250 years, reigned in peace.

In the XVIII century, Japan opened its borders then the country (1854), begins active development of the industry. Since then, the country takes away from China's Taiwan, Russia, the southern part of Sakhalin, and then annexed Korea.

Development slows down during the Second World war, when Japan becomes a supporter of Italy and Germany. In 1945 nuclear bombing suffering cities – Hiroshima and Nagasaki.

Immediately after the end of the cold war, Japan transformed into a high-tech country. It becomes one of the leaders in the world, making scientific and technological discoveries one by one. In our days the situation remains the same – the state continues to outpace many, especially in the automotive, energy conservation and robotics.

General information about the country

Japan is an interesting and mysterious country with a special climate, traditions and it's working great, sometimes fantastic, objects.

Climatic conditions

Japan has a fairly large territory, and the climate on its territory is divided into several zones:

  1. on the Northern Islands including Hokkaido, is dominated by cold weather;
  2. in the center (island of Honshu) – moderate;
  3. for the southern Islands (Kyushu and Northern Ryukyu) is characterized by a subtropical climate.

Such differences are explained easily – the country has significant length.

klimaticheskie osobennosti

Winter in the country cold enough in the North the temperature reaches -25°C, in the centre of -10°C. Snow drifts so high that the inhabitants of the Northern Islands make the hills of snow in the "Ganges" – snow tunnels. Noticeably warmer in the South of Japan in this region in winter, the thermometer shows +17°C, and in the course of the season – warm and dry.

Summer on the Islands are hot, humid and rainy. The daytime temperature in the hottest month is up to +30°C, and at night barely drops to +23°C. this period begins the wet season rainsaccompanied by typhoons and tsunamis. The sea water reaches +27°C, and in the ocean is +20°C.

The internal structure

Japan is one of the countries in which honored traditions and adhere to them since ancient times. Since the founding to the present day the government was headed by an Imperial dynasty. Formally, the ruler is the Emperor, and in fact – the Prime Minister – head of the Cabinet of Ministers.

According to the Constitution, the Emperor of Japan – a symbol of the state and the Japanese nation. Despite this, he has rights, including:

  • award winning;
  • departure ceremonies;
  • communication with foreign representatives;
  • confirmation of amnesties;
  • mitigation of penalties;
  • the restoration of rights.

The population of the country is 127 million people, life expectancy is quite high in men 80 years, women – 86 years.

Because of this, the annual population growth rate greatly increases.


The ethnic composition of the country (99%) – the Japanese, in addition to this the state is home to Chinese, Filipinos, Koreans and Ainu.

vnutrennij stroj

The vast majority of people in the country speak the native language – Japanese, he is also the nationalthe language of Japan. His writing was formed on a background of different language families, but kinship is still unclear. Assume that there are primarily Altaic and Austronesian Parallels.

In Japan, three major religions, the main of which is Shinto. This belief has ancient roots and sources of its origin is still not found. For the Japanese, this belief was not only religion, but also part of the tradition, history and life itself.

The essence of Shintoism that the Japanese nation has a divine origin. According to the Scriptures, first came the Emperor (Mikado), followed by the Japanese (kami). For this reason, the essence of Shinto is the worship of ancestors.

Airports

The main way to get into this country – flight – quick and safe option. International airports are located on several Islands, in particular in Hokkaido, Honshu, Ryukyu. They are constructed near the centre of large cities and drive them on the high-tech trains.

The largest known airports of Japan:

  1. Haneda is the largest and the old airport terminal within Tokyo.
  2. Narita – at least largest and most modern airport in Tokyo, built to replace the Haneda;
  3. Kansai – airport terminal, built in the middle of the water on an artificial island in Osaka;
  4. Chubu is another major airport terminal on an artificial island, where the passengers are transported to land by high-speed ferries, trains and buses.

Other major terminals are located in well-known cities – Osaka business center of Japan, Kyoto, Nagasaki, and Kitakyushu.

Ports

To get to Japan on the ship – the most important Maritime transport is playing an invaluable role for the country. Only the vastness of the state, there are about 1020 sea gate. They differ in purpose and activity.

gruzovye porty

About 100 of them have the role of main port 22 is a special purpose, 892 – local destination.

The most famous and major ports:

  • Nagoya – the main knot, focused on international transport;
  • Yokkaichi port for oil transport up to 300 tons;
  • Tokyo – the naval station to receive different types of cargo and place for repair;
  • Yokohama – the largest water area with 166 berths for import of coal, timber, cement, and seafood, automobiles and chemical products;
  • Kitakyūshū is a key port for shipping goods to Shanghai, Seoul, Tokyo and Dalian.

Largest container port is the port of Kobe – a giant-equipped port, able to accommodate up to 250 large ships.

The territory of the country with city - photo

In Japan, for many centuries there is a tradition to divide the country into several prefectures, cities, towns and villages. This division occurs from North to South, from Hokkaido to Okinawa.

Administrative division

Only in Japan there are 47 prefectures – regions, integrated todofuken. Such a gradation began with the nineteenth century – at a time when the country decided to keep the old form, but to make some changes. At first it was about 300 todofuken, and later they were reduced to 72. In 1888 he established the final number – 47.

The Prefecture, in turn, combined into 8 regions:

  1. Hokkaido;
  2. Kyushu and Okinawa;
  3. Tohoku;
  4. Shikoku (Shikoku);
  5. the region of Kanto;
  6. Chugoku (Chugoku);
  7. the region of kinki;
  8. Chubu (Chubu).

delenie na regiony

Due to the fact that some cities are developing rapidly in Japan recently adopted draft of a new division of the country, but so far it exists only "on paper".

Large island

The Japanese archipelago is a group of Islands, the northernmost of which Hokkaido. His previous titles – Yesso, Ezo, Matsumae. Area the total land area is 83 400 sq. km and its population reaches 5.6 million people. Because it is characterized by a cold climate, the Japanese themselves call it "severe sever".

Honshu is known as the island on which the capital, as well as Hiroshima, Okayama, Nagoya and many other cities.

Honshu is famous for its developed industry, diverse architecture, with houses in traditional Japanese style and skyscrapers.

The third area of the island of Kyushu, has an area of 40 600 sq. km with a population of 12 million people. He is known as a region with well-developed industry. The island isseveral active volcanoes.

To small Japanese Islands belongs to Okinawa island, known for its centenarians. Many resident over the age of 100 years. They look and feel much younger, and the terrible disease they were not familiar with.

Popular towns

For tourists interest are the large cities of Japan, and their attractions – ancient and modern monuments of architecture, culture and history.

  • The most popular of Japanese cities – Tokyo – high-tech capital of the country, became the personification of the infinite energy and the latest developments.

    In Tokyo are the largest prestigious universities, major scientific centres, as well as decoration of ancient temples and cozy parks. The most important architectural monuments of the city – the Imperial Palace, the Ginza district, quarter Asakura, Sensoji temple and high-rise TV tower.

  • samyj izvestnyj naselennyj punkt

  • Many of the famous city of Fukushima Prefecture – an area decorated with lots of cherry, the oldest of which reaches the age of 1000 years. This tree is a symbol of Japan and one of its main assets, and to see him blossom tourists come from all parts of the world.
  • The third largest city of Japan – Osaka – the perfect place to experience the history and culture of the country. According to reviews of tourists, the region is much more Japanese traditions in comparison with Tokyo.

    Also here it is convenient to continue the journey in such well-known cities like Nara and Kyoto. Nara is an ancient capital, Kyoto – a lively urban city with lots of entertainment for young people.

  • Kobe was once closed quiet town nestled between the mountains and the sea, but eventually the Japanese had to open it to trade with the Americans and the Indians. Due to this, the city developed into a major metropolis and port with an abundance of shops, entertainment venues and historic sites.
  • One of the notable features of Coba – a large number of factions of the Yakuza.

  • If you want to explore the city, which appeared in the legendary company "Toyota motors", you should visit the city of Nagoya. This settlement represents the perfect blend of high technology and ancient traditions.

    You can find him on the way from Tokyo to Kyoto. For this reason, the second name of the city – the Bale (the median capital). Among the interesting places on its open spaces it is worth noting the Nagoya castle, Atsuta Shrine Shinto and the Park is Meiji-Mura.

  • The Japanese city of Fukuoka attracts, due to the fact that in its waters produce a respectable amount of seafood. It is the industrial center of the country, as this part developed food, chemical, textiles and engineering. Its significance is the city second only to Tokyo, Nagoya, and Osaka.
  • Many people know about Hiroshima , the city that was destroyed along with Nagasaki by nuclear bombing. These cities were the only areas in which struck this kind of weapon.

    Since then many years have passed and the settlement was able to restore the city became a tourist center with attractions. Sad events does not resemble anything, except the Peace Memorial Park.

  • In the North of Japan is Niigata – city with the largest number of monuments of the Zionist religion. He had once been an important place, where went the ships to the mainland.

    For this reason, it would betray the atomic bombing, but then those plans changed.

    In Niigata you can visit the high tower overlooking the city at a glance, to visit the temples – Haakan and gokoku-Jinja Shrine, or go on a nature of the lake Hyo-Ko, with its charming swans, who are here to spend the winter.

We recommend to watch an interesting documentary about Japan: