What to see in Tallinn for 2-3 days or in one day with the kids?
Tallinn can boast not only a long and very colourful history, but the title "cultural capital of Europe", the city was awarded in 2011. During the period of its existence the capital city of Estonia managed to change a few names: the first name Kolyvan was given to him in honor of the mystical ancestor of the Estonians Kalev and Tallinn city was named maakond Rävala, the capital of which was the city-Harbor. Throughout the centuries Tallinn changed not only names, but also citizenship, therefore, its cultural shape had been created under the influence of many nationalities. In today's the capital of Estonia harmoniously combines the masterpieces of antiquity and of the modern urban buildings, so there is something to see in Tallinn and in the Old city and modern neighborhoods. Not to get lost among the variety of attractions you can use this kind of "Tallinn guide", which contains the most interesting sights of the city.
Old town – Klondike treasure of antiquity
Familiarity with the city, you can start with legendary Old town, which since 1997 has been included in the world heritage list of UNESCO. According to old European traditions of the old part of the city was divided into Toompea, where he lived to know, and the Lower city – the territory of merchants, artisans and poor citizens. These two different parts of one city divided by a fortress wall, of the 26 towers which still reached 18.
The whole day you can walk around the perimeter of the wall, solving the mysteries of the tallest tower Kuster, massive Thick Margarita Maritime Museum, artillery Kiek in de Kök, "Zolotonosha" the towers have Kuldjala, horseshoe Kasmai and its "neighbors" Havenside and Board, gate tower Pikk jalg, the former prison Tower in the Burden and the famous Maiden tower became a Museum and a magnet for tourists and for native Talantsev.
The upper town or Toompea
Vyshhorod is located on Toompea hill, where was built the eponymous castle is also known as Toompea castle. She became a symbol not only in Tallinn but all over Estonia. Today, the castle settled by the Parliament Riigikogu, and the national flag on the highest tower "Long Hermann" is seen from all corners of the capital.
The second treasure of the Vyshhorod Cathedral, one of the oldest temples of the country. The bell tower of the Church you can see a wing with the date 1772, although the first Church on this site appeared in 1219 and was considered a contemporary of the capital. If you are still undecided on what to see in Tallinn for one day, we come to this Cathedral, on the place where the city of the Estonians.
There are in Sweden, Russian and the symbol of Estonia, the Orthodox Alexander Nevsky Cathedral. And the most curious persistence searching for the mythical tomb of the no less mythical Kalevipoeg, which according to legend is hidden in the heart of Tallinn.
From Toompea to the Lower town can be reached in different ways, but if you want a few minutes to feel the Tallinn representatives of the nobility, choose the old staircase of Patchouli, which is considered one of the most beautiful in the capital. It was erected in the picturesque Toompark bordering the Shnelli pond.
Lower town, guests of the Estonian capital 's medieval town Hall, which is considered one of the most impressive in Europe. Its steeple is decorated with the legendary weather vane "Old Thomas", which soon will celebrate polutysyachi anniversary. The guard of the city has witnessed all the vicissitudes in the history of the capital, and the legends about him you know even the smallest tallensi.
A must for "What to see in Tallinn in 2 days" is climbing to the observation deck of city Hall, where the city is seen as the palm.
Also visit the oldest pharmacy of Europe, which prepare medicinal potions and potions even with 1422.
The most famous Church of the Lower town:
- the Church of St. Nicholas,
- Church of the Holy spirit,
- the Church of St. Olaf.
These temples have survived in my lifetime, from destruction and looting during the reformation to the Second world war bombardments and transformation into warehouses and concert halls in the Soviet times. By the way, the Church of St. Olaf is not only one of the oldest and most beautiful in the city, it is almost 100 years was the absolute record-holder for height, while in 1625, the lightning does not hit in its 159-meter spire and burned the temple to the ground.
The Tallinn House of the blackheads at Pikk street became a worthy answer to its eponymous Riga "colleague" and his "neighbors" - the architectural ensemble "Three sisters" - have become one of the most striking echoes of the Hanseatic period.
New city: the harmony of cultures of different eras
In terms of tourism the most attractive modern area of Tallinn became the centre where you can explore historical monuments, and admire the work of contemporary architects, urban projects, which is expressed in glass skyscrapers, business centers and shopping and entertainment venues. This area is located in the heart of the capital, so those who are looking for what to see in Tallinn for 3 days, will not be able to ignore it.
Bordering the picturesque Old cities, the centre also has a unique Treasury of monuments of architecture. A real gem thisthe area is considered to be Ekaterinenthal or so-called Kadriorg. This Palace was designed by the brilliant Italian architect Niccolo Michetti and was a gift of Tsar Peter I to his wife Catherine I. the Palace was used as summer residence of the Royal family. Michetti known as one of the builders of Peterhof, and therefore the Tallinn Royal residence was not without its famous fountains and magnificent gardens, laid out around scenic Swan pond. Today Kadriorg is one of the galleries of the Estonian art Museum and a venue for classical music concerts.
- The centre is considered a centre of cultural life of the capital, in the surrounding area are:
- National Opera "Estonia",
- Russian drama theatre,
- the national library on tõnismägi
- a huge number of museums to avoid them all fail in a week.
If after a rich cultural program you want to relax, head to the lake ülemiste, located in the southern part Kesklinna.
If you're on the road will meet an old man who asks: "Finished already Tallinn?", always say a firm "No".
According to local legends, this man ülemiste. He can not find a person who in the affirmative answered his question. According to legend, if one person answered" Yes, at the same moment a huge lake will flood the city. That is why the construction in Tallinn never stops.
The coastal district of Pirita will delight with its sights set:
- the ruins of the monastery of St. Bridget,
- a monument "mermaid",
- TV tower,
- The Tallinn Botanical garden
- the maarjamäe Palace,
- Grand Tallinn Olympic sailing centre,
- original sculptures of athlete, Olympian with an interesting "shadow" and an English rider.
Well-preserved remains of the largest in the Baltic States women's monastery dedicated to Saint Birgitta, today became the venue of the annual Opera festival, people's fair and the Day of the monastery.
An unusual monument with a romantic name "mermaid" is often mistakenly associated with the heroine of the fairy tale. Actually, the monument is dedicated to sinking during a severe storm in the Baltic sea the boat "mermaid" and is a beautiful girl as an angel, a blessing of all seafarers.
The greenest district of the Estonian capital have prepared for travelers a memorable gift in the form of the castle of Baron Von Glen and the surrounding beautiful Park, which is a part of German culture in Central Estonia. Nicholas von Glen came from a family of Baltic Germans, so their patrimonial estate was built on the model of the Bavarian knight's castle. Magnificent building it was surrounded by a Park, which scattered "ethnic dignity": "Panovskogo hell", the Palm house, a guard tower, which became an Observatory, a stone crocodile, four-sided obelisk, dedicated to her beloved horse... All these seemingly dissonant elements joined together in a beautiful harmonious picture.
The Haabersti district, washed by the waters of the Gulf of Finland to the North and lake Harku in the West, will delight tourists with the country's oldest zoo, an ethnographic Museum under the open sky "Rocca al Mare", concert hall "Saku Suurhall arena", which was found on the Eurovision final in 2002, and a large year-round skating rink in väike-õismäe.
If you haven't decided what to see in Tallinn with children, in Haabersti young travelers will do.
In addition children will be interested in visiting a Gallery of marzipan in the Old city, where young chefs can get to the master class and you will create unique figures from this delicacy.
Young explorers like in a marine center "Hydrogear", in the hangar which stored the real military court, among them the icebreaker "Suur Tail" and the submarine "Lembit".
Among interactive museums of Tallinn's popular "Miia-Milla-Manda", where you can try different professions and explore the habits of animals in the "nature Room" and educational center "Energy", where you can feel like a real astronaut or an oil tycoon.
A real gift for children will be a visit to the theatre and puppet Museum "Nuku", which collected puppets from all over the world.
No matter what area of Tallinn, you did not stray, you will always wait for interesting sights. And don't forget to look at the Liviko brand stores to buy a couple of bottles of the legendary liqueur Vana Tallinn, which is yet another symbol of the Estonian capital.