All the highest and largest active volcanoes in the world map video
Despite its lethality, various volcanoes have long attracted man. Early people were attracted to the fertile soil, enriched with minerals and trace elements due to volcanic activity, now attracts tourists by the beauty and Majesty of these natural objects.
- Where are the largest volcanoes on the world map?
- The strongest eruption in history
- The greatest active volcanic mountains on the Earth
- What country is the largest source of lava?
- Description with the names
- Mauna Loa
- Klyuchevskaya Sopka
- Famous extinct giants
- Sleeping giants
Where are the largest volcanoes on the world map?
Most of the modern active volcanoes located in the Pacific volcanic ring — region in which there is the greatest number of eruptions, and 90% of the earthquakes on our planet.
The second largest seismic zone — Mediterranean fold belt, stretching from the Indonesian Islands to the Mediterranean sea.
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The strongest eruption in history
The most destructive eruption in its consequences is the disaster, which occurred in 1883 during the explosion of the volcano Krakatoa, located in Indonesia. During this cataclysm killed more than 36 thousand people, completely destroyed more than 165 cities and villages, there was an emission of ash to a height of 70 kilometers.
The force of the explosion during the eruption exceeded the force of the explosion of a nuclear bomb over Hiroshima in 10 thousand times. The majority of deaths is a consequence of the huge tsunamicaused by the eruption. The island, which was located at Krakatau was almost completely destroyed during the disaster. The sound of the explosion spread over a distance of 5 thousand kilometers from the epicenter.
The greatest active volcanic mountains on the Earth
The largest scope to the active volcanoes of the world:
- Mauna Loa, Hawaii, USA, volume 80 thousand cubic kilometers;
- Kilimanjaro (Tanzania), who is sleeping, but can potentially begin the activity with a volume of 4800 cubic kilometers;
- Volcano Sierra Negra, located in the Galapagos Islands (Ecuador) has a capacity of 580 cubic kilometers.
Read herewhat are the largest mountains on the planet, how and where they formed.
What country is the largest source of lava?
Its size is not equal to the Hawaiian volcano Mauna Loa, which has a capacity of 80 thousand cubic kilometers. The highest challenge 2 volcano from South America:
- Llullaillaco, located on the border of Argentina and Chile with a height of over 6 thousand meters;
- Cotopaxi, located in Ecuador with an altitude of 5897 meters.
Disputes are based on fact, as to whether Llullaillaco active and inactive volcano.
Description with the names
On our planet, there are from 1000 to 1500 active volcanoes. Many of them are located near densely populated areas and pose a threat to human life. The most dangerous volcanoes are under special observation, made to a list of Volcanoes of the UN Decade.
Merapi, which translated from Indonesian means "mountain of fire", is recognized as one of the most dangerous volcanoes in Asia. It is located on the South of the island of Java in Indonesia, and its peak rises to a height of 3 thousand meters.
Significant eruptions of mount Merapi occur with a periodicity of about 7 years in its history, mount Merapi has frequently been the cause of death of many people. In 1930 the victims of the eruption began about 1,400 employees and in 2010 had to evacuate more than 350 thousand people, killed 353 of the inhabitants of the island.
NearMerapi is located in the city of Yogyakarta, in the Metropolitan area which is home to more than 2 million people. For his activity and danger to human life, Merapi entered in the list of Decade Volcanoes.
Volcano Sakurashima (Japan) is located on the island of Kyushu, its summit rises to a height of 1110 meters. Chronicles the first recorded eruption occurred in 963, and the most powerful, Dating back to 1914, but thanks to an introductory aftershocks most of the local residents had to be evacuated, killed "only" 35.
Since the mid-20th century, the volcano shows ongoing activity. Each year brings thousands of small explosions and ash emissions.
In 2013 there was a large plume of ash reaching heights of 4,000 meters.
Sakurajima is also included in the list of Decade Volcanoes.
The ASO volcano is also located on the island of Kyushu in Japan. The highest point of ASO is located at the height of 1592 meters. During the monitoring of the volcano occurred approximately 165 large and medium-sized eruptions, many of which have led to casualties.
Last time people died in the eruption of the volcano in 1979, when he died 3 people, and 11 were wounded. But ASO is dangerous not only for its eruptions, toxic gases volcanic gas regularly poison the tourists, who try to conquer ASO. The last such case occurred in 1997 that killed two climbers.
The last eruption of ASO noted in 2011, the ash emissions have occurred at a height of 2 kilometers.
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Nyiragongo is in the territory of DR Congo in the mountain system in Virunga (Africa). In the crater of the volcano is the world's largest lava lake, the depth of which can reach 3 kilometers. In 1977, the ruptured crater wall, with the result that there was a major flow of lava on the surrounding area, and in the end killed 70 people.
During the observations of Nyiragongo in 1882 it was recorded 34 major eruption of the volcano. A feature of the eruptions of Nyiragongo is an extremely fast flow of lava, reaching speeds of 100 kilometers per hour. During a major eruption in 2002 was evacuated 400 thousand inhabitants of the city of Goma, near the volcano. However, 147 of them died as a result of this cataclysm, and the city received significant damage.
All these factors make Nyiragongo one of the most dangerous volcanoes on the planet, for which he was rightly included in the list of Decade Volcanoes.
The Galeras volcano is located in Colombia near the city of Pasto, with a population of more than 400 thousand people. Its height is greater than 4,200 meters. Because of its danger Galeras included in the list of Decade Volcanoes that represent the greatest threat in the foreseeable future.
It is believed that for the last 7000 years Galeras experienced at least 6 major eruptions in 1993 recorded the last of them.
The volcano Mauna Loa located on Hawaii, belonging to the United States of America. This giant volcano is more than half the area of Hawaii, the height of the peak above sea level is 4169 meters, but a large part of the volcano is under water. With the underwater portion of its height from the bottom to the top reaches 9170 meters, which exceeds the height of Everest.
The eruption of Mauna Loa occur on the so-called Hawaiian type, with effusion of lava, but without large explosions and ash emissions. Observation of the volcano are conducted only since 1832, and during that time recorded 39 major eruptions of Mauna Loa. This volcano was included in the list of Decade Volcanoes because of the huge lava flows accompanying the eruption, and a densely populated area in its immediate vicinity.
The top of the volcano and its slopes have been included in the list of UNESCO world heritage.
The most active volcano in Central America within Mexico in the state of Jalisco. Due to their activity Colima was nicknamed "little Vesuvius", its height greater than 3800 meters.
Over the last 450 years recorded more than 40 large and medium-sized eruptions, the last of which came on 12 September 2016. Near Colima is home to more than 400 thousand people, making it the most dangerous volcano in America. For this reason, the volcano was included in the list of Decade Volcanoes.
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The most famous volcano in the world is located on the Apennine Peninsula in Italy. The single summit of Vesuvius in the height of 1281 meters towers over the spacious fields of Campania and is part of theThe Apennine mountain system.
Located just 15 kilometers from Naples, the Vesuvius has repeatedly gone down in history for its catastrophic eruption, some only large, there were about 80. In 79 ad there was a most destructive eruption of Vesuvius, during which killed a famous city:
It is believed that during this cataclysm has killed at least 16 thousand people.
In 1944 occurred the last eruption of Vesuvius, during this natural disaster destroyed the town of Massa and San Sebastiano, the victims were 27 people. Since then, Vesuvius did not show strong activity, but the danger of a new eruption always remains. Vesuvius is one of the main attractions of the province, the Campaign and his visit is included in the guided tour when traveling in Naples.
Another famous volcano of Italy situated in the East of the island of Sicily and is the highest volcano in Europe, towering to a height of 2329 metres. Eruptions of Etna are observed several times a year. In the history there were several large eruptions of this volcano, which led to devastating consequences:
- In 122 ad, was destroyed the city of Catania;
- In 1169 during a large-scale eruption of mount Etna killed 15 thousand people;
- In 1669 Catania was again injured, homes were destroyed 27 thousand people;
- In 1928 was destroyed the ancient city of Mascali.
Despite the danger of the volcano, the islanders continue to settle on its slopes. The reason for this is the fertile soil, enriched with minerals and trace elements contained in cooled lava flows and ash.
Etna is one of the main natural attractions of Sicily, view of the volcano and climb to the top and tourists come from all corners of the Earth.
The Popocatepetl, or El Popo, as it is affectionately called by the locals, is located in Mexico, 70 kilometers from the capital of the country, Mexico city. Height of the volcano is almost 5500 meters. Over the past 500 years, popocatépetl has erupted more than 15 times, and the last occurred quite recently in 2015. Near the Popocatépetl is an extinct volcano Iztaccihuatl.
A trip to these volcanoes is an integral part of the excursion program with visiting Mexico city.
The highest volcano of Eurasia is located on the Kamchatka Peninsula and is considered the most famous of the many volcanoes of Kamchatka. The highest point of Russia beyond the Caucasus mountains reaches a height of 4750 meters. Is the highest active volcano in Eurasia, in the middle of his eruptions occur almost every year. The last significant eruption occurred in 2013, the height of ash emissions amounted to 10-12 kilometers. The eruption was accompanied by mud flows and palapala.
The active volcano Cotopaxi is located in South America on the territory of Ecuador consisting of the Andes mountain range. The height of the top of Cotopaxi is 5897 meters. In the history of the 86 observations recorded eruptions, the most extensive led to the complete destruction of the city of Latacunga in 1786. The last activity of the Cotopaxi is seen in 1942, after which the volcano while he was sleeping.
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Famous extinct giants
In addition to active volcanoes on our planet there are many extinct volcanoes that do not exhibit volcanic activity.
The highest extinct volcano in the world, Aconcaguais in Argentina and is a mountainous system of the Andes. Aconcagua is not only the highest extinct volcano in the world, but the highest peak of America, West and southern hemispheres. The height of Aconcagua exceeds 6950 meters.
Many extinct volcanoes are now considered to be now just mountains, although some of them have the potential to "Wake up" and start to be active. These volcanoes, which in the future may be active, are called "sleeping".
- The famous mount Kilimanjaro in Tanzania (Africa) is a sleeping volcano showing activity. Scientists believed that one day, Kilimanjaro can Wake up, then this potential volcano will be one of the highest in the world, because the height of Kilimanjaro is 5895 metres above sea level.
Colossal SUPERVOLCANO Yellowstone was considered extinct, but scientists have found that it appears a little activity, so now the Yellowstone is classified as dormant volcanoes. The last time the giant has erupted for almost a million years ago.
It is believed that if Yellowstone wakes up, the potential eruption will be one of the biggestcatastrophes in Earth's history, will die every third inhabitant of the planet, and several US States will be completely destroyed.
The eruption of Yellowstone will trigger numerous earthquakes, giant tsunami waves, and the eruptions of other volcanoes that will affect almost everyone on the planet. The volcano ejected the ash will cover the earth's surface from the sun over fifteen years, throughout the planet there will be a volcanic winter.
However, not all scientists believe that the effects of this cataclysm will be so serious. In any case, the eruption of the volcano remains one of the main potential threats to humans.
- The largest extinct volcano Russia - Elbrus - 5642 meters. Located on the border of the republics of Kabardino-Balkaria and Karachay-Cherkessia. Refer to the list of the highest peaks of six continents. The volcano's activity, scientists believe not so many completed, how much fading.
- The largest volcano of modern times, you cannot visit and very hard to see because it is under water. An array of Tamu located on the bottom of the Pacific ocean and is located about 1,600 kilometers East of the Japanese Islands. Its dimensions are 650 by 450 kilometers, on the scale of the array is one of the largest not only on Earth but throughout the Solar system. The last volcanic eruption occurred 140 million years ago.
- Dormant volcanoes Big and Small Ararat is now located on the territory of Turkey and are classified as volcanoes that do not exhibit volcanic activity. The top of the mountain of Ararat, which reaches 5165 metres is the highest point in Turkey.
- One of the highest peaks of the Caucasus, Kazbek mountain is also an extinct volcano. Kazbek is located on the border of Georgia and Russia, the top point of the mountain is located at an altitude of over 5 kilometers. During research in one of the caves of mount Kazbek, were found volcanic ash from the eruption that occurred allegedly 40 thousand years ago.
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Watch a video about these and other volcanoes in the world: