Attractions of Abkhazia (photo with description) - what can you see yourself?
Spotlessly clean and well-maintained sand and pebble beaches and clear sea blue of the Abkhazian beaches attract millions of tourists, tempting promising a splendid stay. But not only these famous southern Republic, it is welcome and hospitably offers to visit beautiful places, like anywhere in the world. Attractions of Abkhazia with a photo with description will be presented in detail in this article.
Even those who never in life do not happen in Abkhazia, have heard something about a fabulously beautiful Alpine lake, the incredible purity which allows you to view the mysterious water surface to a depth of ten meters. It is located on the territory of the national reserve in the North-West of Abkhazia in Gudauta district. Majestic and calm, it was formed just 250 years ago, as a result of the collapse of the mountain Pshegishkha, part of which blocked a mountain river Lashipse. A characteristic feature of the unique water reservoir is the difference of its color depending on the time of year are yellowish - green in summer to sky blue in winter and autumn, which is associated with the development of benthic microalgae. The ethereal scenic beauty of the lake attracts many tourists who can see the dacha of Stalin and Brezhnev nearby. Along the way you can see another Abkhazian jewel - Blue lake.
An ancient legend, beloved by the locals, says that once this place was a cave in which lived the friendly sage. His snow-white beard and blue, young shining eyes, contrasted sharply, not allowing to guess the true age. From all over the world come here people for the kind advice and assistance, carrying a gift of animal skins. The greed of the enemies led to the death of the elder, however, vspenivania water has ruined and ruthless killers. From then on the ruins of the cave lies the indescribable beauty of the lake, absorbed in his deep blue eyes sage. Color stationary water surface does not change even in gloomy weather. The lake is so deep that the sunlight is unable to penetrate through the water, which I guess it makes a bit muddy.
Sukhumi Institute of monkeys
Talking about what you can see in Abkhazia alone, it is impossible not to mention the Sukhumi monkey nursery, it will be especially interesting to families staying with children. On this spot once stood the country house of a Russian scientist Ostroumova. In 1927 on the slopes of the mountains covered with green a-Line opened a research Institute, now known throughout the world. Here were unique experiments, made many important discoveries, was defeated many dangerous ailments. All of this can be found by visiting primatologichesky Museum. Here is unique in the world, a monument to a monkey, erected in 1977. Three hundred different kinds of monkeys cause irrepressible enthusiasm, especially among younger visitors. Here are allowed to feed the animals hilarious with that madly pleases children.
Nikitsky Botanical garden
Sukhumi is another attraction - the oldest in the Caucasus Botanical garden, founded in 1838. It was then that a talented physician and keen botanist Bagrinovskii dropped off at their home to unique tropical plants, which gave rise to the current Park. A huge number of instances from many countries have imported over the years the garden. Now there are thousands of exotic trees and flowers, causing a genuine delight of many tourists. A resident of evergreen Park is considered to be the Linden tree that stood on this place even before the creation of the garden. Her 250 years and she has twice been on the verge of death - first, in the late nineteenth century, it cut down committing barbaric raids of the Turks, and after 110 years, in 1987, the crown was demolished by a hurricane of unprecedented force. However, the tree proved to be extraordinarily tenacious and continues to delight visitors with a flowery aroma.
New Athos cave
A huge dungeon, of which a few million years, was discovered not so long ago, in 1961. The pioneer was the artist Givi Shalvovich Smyr, who dared to descend to a depth of 135 meters. Fourteen years it took to research "the bottomless pit" as they called deep blade the locals. In 1975, here were able to get everyone. Stalactites and stalagmites, frozen waterfalls and underground galleries, the emerald lakes and numerous underground halls produce a staggering impression and amaze with unique beauty. The cave, situated in the depths of the Iverian mountain, has a length of almost two kilometers, for the convenience of tourists the excursions are conducted by experienced specialists on a special train. Of the eleven underground halls for tourists is open only half, however, impressionsreceived under the stone arches of the dungeon, enough for a lifetime.
If you see the sights of Abkhazia on the map, you can see that next to the famous cave, on the top of the mountain, is no less attractive for tourists place - Anakopia citadel, built to protect from the raids of the enemy in 4-5 centuries ad to Get inside the fortifications could only be through the only gate, located on the South side of the fortress. The main defensive line was built by the Byzantines in the 7th century for defense against the invasion of the Arabs. Currently affected by time and numerous battle of the citadel was the remains of the fortress walls, the ruins of watchtowers, stone stairs and preserved Roman tower with loopholes. Here can be plenty to wander, to touch concealing the secret history of the walls, admiring the mountain views. In the center of the fortress is "inexhaustible," the well, causing invariable interest of visitors.
The new Athos monastery
Amid verdant hillsides, at the foot of mount Athos, the sparkles shining in the sun current male domes new Athos of St. Simon the Canaanite monastery, located in the Gudauta district of Abkhazia. It is the largest spiritual center in the Caucasus. One hundred and forty years ago the monks of St. Panteleimon monastery was granted to the Royal government of the territory of present-day New Athos and the money for the construction of the monastery complex. This place in the first century of our era died the Apostle Simon the Canaanite preached Christianity among the Caucasian peoples. His death was the fault of the Roman legionaries. Although the construction was accompanied by the active support of the Russian Emperor Alexander III, the difficult working conditions and the need to build in the mountains hampered the process. Besides, intervened in the Russo-Turkish war, during which Turkish soldiers looted and destroyed the unfinished cloister. Fully the monastic complex was built by 1999. There are six temples, the main of which is St. Panteleimon Cathedral. In 1924 the monastery was closed and was reopened only in 1994. Now it is a place of pilgrimage and attracts the constant attention of tourists.
Choosing a place of rest, a small town Pitsunda, tired of a beach holiday, getting to know the locals about what to see in Abkhazia. The main attraction - a unique , Pitsunda-Mussorsky reserve, stretching along the coastal zone of seven kilometers. It is famous for its relic Pitsunda pine trees that fills all around it with its bitter, medicinal flavor. The first specimens of this plant appeared in this region two million years ago.
History buffs and architectural monuments it will be interesting to visit the majestic Pitsunda Patriarchal Cathedral of St. Andrew, built in the tenth century during the reign of king Bagrat III. Due to the Turkish invasion in the XVII century the Cathedral was abandoned. Fully restored it is only in the second half of the nineteenth century.
Vintage sad legend explains the existence of two Pitsunda attractions - beautiful waterfall "Men's tears" and "tears". Beauty AMPA and courageous Adgur loved each other so much and so soft that they envy a violent mermaid. In a fit of jealousy, she threw the girl from a high cliff, and a loved one wasn't there. A damsel in distress have caused stretching along the road waterfall, its delicate water jets sparkle in the sun and similar to real tears. At a little distance, about twenty kilometers away, is more violent waterfall, which arose from the avaricious man's tears broken hearted Adgur.
What to see in Gagra
Favorite summer vacation spot of many tourists visiting the Sunny Abkhazia is Gagra. After the first week pleasant beach relaxation, invariably the question arises, what to see in Abkhazia of the attractions. This hospitable region is rich in subtropical parks, playful waterfalls and magnificent architectural monuments.
In the Old Gagra, where Laquari mountain river flows into the sea, stands a castle belonging to one of the members of the Imperial family, Prince Alexander Petrovich of Oldenburg. This unique magnificent structure was built by the architect I. K. Ljuteranskaja in 1902. The red-tiled roof, spacious balconies and high tower, where the Prince, a great lover and connoisseur of falconry, could sit for hours. After moving to a new residence, the Prince began to establish a climatic health resort in Gagra. During the Soviet era, all buildings were nationalized and the castle was opened Dom Otdykha imeni I. V. Stalin. An architectural masterpiece is a genuine interest to tourists, though duringthe Georgian-Abkhaz conflict, it was considerably damaged and even partially burned. Nowadays the castle can be viewed only from the outside, as the building is in poor condition.
In the centre of Gagra is another unique architectural monument - WDanie legendary restaurant "gagripsh", which has welcomed many famous writers. Its walls remember the famous bass Feodor Chaliapin, it was visited by Russian Emperor Nicholas II and Stalin. On the other hand seaside Park is a well-known Colonnade Gagra - a symbol of the Republic of Abkhazia and the business card of the city. Its construction began immediately after world war II and ended only ten years. The design consists of four towers connected by arcades. It in a semicircle embracing the Central area of Gagra, along with an exquisite fountain in the centre it is a unique ensemble. There is always a lively, fun and noisy, tourists never leave the city without a photo on the background of the Gagra colonnade.
Attractions of Abkhazia rushing waterfalls, mysterious, deep mountain lakes, unique castles and caves - are located in different areas. However, due to the small area, it is possible to inspect them within one trip and take home a piece of southern hospitality.