Adriatic sea on world map: where is, what is the water temperature?
From the word Adriatic emanates warmth, mystery and romance. The Adriatic sea and its coast have fully confirmed these views. Warm mild climate, a beautiful city located in the picturesque Bay attract many tourists.
Adriatic sea on world map
The Adriatic sea is part of the Mediterranean sea. Your name, the sea was named after the ancient city of Adria, that once stood on its shores.
Now Adria is separated from the coast 25 kilometers because of the accumulation of earth and sand in the deltas of the local rivers.
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The Adriatic sea is located between the Balkan and Apennine peninsulas, the southern part of the Adriatic connects the Otranto Strait from the Ionian sea.
What country is between?
The Adriatic sea washes the following States:
- Italy, the coastline is more than 1000 kilometers;
- Croatia (1770 kilometers);
- Albania (470 kilometers);
- Montenegro (200 kilometers);
- Slovenia (47 km);
- Bosnia and Herzegovina, the length of its coastline is the smallest — a tiny 20 kilometers.
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The surface area of the Adriatic is 145 thousand square kilometers, depth increases from North to South and reaches 1300 meters in the southern part. The West Bank is mainly low-lying places to form lagoons, the East coast is very uneven and is a mountain because of the influence of the Dinaric. In the Eastern part of the Adriatic there are large coastal Islands:
- Hvar and others.
The flora and fauna of the Adriatic sea similar to the Mediterranean sea, there are more than 700 species of algae, is home to numerous species of mollusks, crustaceans and fish. Major fauna of the Adriatic sea are sharks, dolphins and monk seals, listed in the Red book.
The Adriatic sea plays an important role in the economic activities located in the States, it produces many game fish and other valuable marine crops.
Literally all the Adriatic coast there are numerous resorts serving tourists from all countries of Europe.
When choosing a place to stay you should know that the East coast is mountains and pebble beaches, and the West Bank, located in Italy, and abounds in low-lying sandy beaches.
One of the youngest States in Europe has already gained the trust and love of Russian tourists thanks to its unique beauty of the coast, on which there are numerous resorts. The coast of Montenegro can be divided into 3 main tourist areas.
Budva is the main Mecca of Montenegrin tourism and has a mild climate and sandy beaches:
- The main resort area — the city of Budva, which is not only one of the oldest cities of the Adriatic, but is considered to be the most fun and active resort of Montenegro;
- The town of Sveti Stefan is the most expensive and luxurious resorts of the country;
- The city of bečići has a beautiful sandy beach, renowned as one of the best in Europe;
- Petrovac — centre family holidays to Budva Riviera.
Other famous resorts of Budva in the district are:
- Sutomore and others.
Hercegnovska Rivieralocated in the North of the country near Herceg Novi. This resort is a family fun center, and other city tourist area, Budva is the most crowded resort in the country due to the presence of the international airport.
Ultsinskaya Riviera located in the South of the country and includes the town of Ulcinj and the island Ada Bojana. Ultsinskaya Riviera is known for its reasonable prices and the basalt beaches, and the island Ada Bojana is popular for Nude recreation.
The Adriatic sea is in Europe, so you will be interesting article, where you will learn all the secrets to saving for the European vacation.
Italian Adriatic coast has more than thousand kilometres of coastline. There are many large and medium cities, but most tourists are interested in 3 main regions of the Italian coast of the Adriatic.
Venetian Riviera, located in the vicinity of the great city of Venice. The main centers of beach vacation here are:
- Lido di Isola, considered the most popular recreational center of the region;
- The prestigious resort of Bibione;
- Family fun center in Lignano;
- Sabbiadoro and Caorle.
Excursion program of the Venetian Riviera are also very rich, its main point — the Venice, the most romantic city in the world with a huge number of attractions.
The Adriatic coast of Italy located in the region of Emilia-Romagna and stretches for hundreds of kilometers along the coast. This zone includes the main resort town on the Italian coast of the Adriatic
- Quite an expensive resort Riccione , with its beaches of fine sand and gently sloping entrance into the water, vibrant nightlife and overall atmosphere of the youth;
- Rimini, popular for its beautiful sandy beaches (their number exceeds a few hundred), a gourmet kitchen and relative affordability;
- Palm Riviera is part of the Adriatic and includes numerous resorts of the Marche region.
The southern part of the Adriatic coast of Italy is part of the Puglia region and is also of great interest for tourists. Unlike the Adriatic Riviera, the beach here is rocky, and the beaches are mainly rocky and pebbly. The main resort towns of this region are:
- Marina di Andrano;
- Castrignano del Capo.
Resorts Puglia is not as well developed as at the Venice and the Adriatic Riviera, but here you can enjoy silence, solitude beaches and ancient history of the cities of this region in the face of numerous attractions.
Usually, beach resorts abound with souvenir shops where you can buy interesting gifts. Read herewhat to bring from Italy.
Length of the Adriatic coast of Croatia exceeds 1,700 kilometers, it has many different resort areas and tourist cities. Most resorts in Croatia are marked with the Blue flag — an international award for clean beaches and the safety of sea travelers. Relaxing on the beaches of Croatia it is difficult to imagine without a visit to the numerous historical sites of this country.
One of the most beautiful cities, Dubrovnik, attracts huge number of tourists from all over Europe. Dubrovnik is in the very South of the Croatian coast in the region South Dalmatia, and maintained a large number of attractions.
In addition to the inspection of historical buildingsin Dubrovnik, you can relax on the top beaches here are mostly pebble and sandy-pebble, while in Dubrovnik there is a sandy beach Lapad, one of the best in Croatia.
The sea is, as argued by the famous French Explorer Jacques-Yves Cousteau, the cleanest on the Adriatic.
Porec is the largest resort on the Northern part of the Adriatic coast of Croatia, the capital of the so-called "Croatian Istria". The beaches of Porec stretched for 65 miles along the Adriatic coast and is mainly pebbly or concrete.
The main attractions are the buildings of the Roman era: the Roman forum and the ruins of the temples of Mars and Neptune. The main asset of the city — Evraziia Basilica, built during the Byzantine Empire and a UNESCO world heritage site.
The town of Makarska, together with the towns of Brela, Baska Voda and Tucepi is part of the so-called "Makarska Riviera" and is part of the Central Dalmatia.
As with all Croatian cities on the coast, Makarska is rich in its history and abundant attractions. This city is convenient to travel withexcursions to the neighbouring Islands of brac and Hvar, usually this is accompanied by a boat trip fishing. The beaches of Central Dalmatia are considered the best in Croatia, mostly small pebbles, as the coastal strip is surrounded by pine forests.
Other important resorts of Croatia are:
- District of šibenik with the cities of Sibenik, Primosten and Vodice;
- District of split with the towns of Split, Makarska and Trogir;
- District of Zadar with the cities of Zadar and NIN;
- Many Islands, such as Krk, Mljet, Hvar, Koversada and many others.
For a long time Albania was isolated from the international community and visit the country for tourism purposes was the inheritance of the chosen few. The government is now open to the world and one of the bets in the development of the economy is tourism, primarily visiting the seaside resorts of Albania.
Durres is the second largest city of Albania after the capital of the country, Tirana.
The ancient city was founded in the 7th century BC by the ancient Greeks and their life changed many owners, from Ancient Rome and the Byzantine Empire to Venice and the Ottoman Empire.
Despite the difficult history the ancient city has preserved the most interesting sights:
- The Roman amphitheatre of the 2nd century BC;
- The Roman baths, which are not only well preserved, but still functioning;
- The ruins of the ancient aqueductDating from the 2nd century BC.
The basic vacation spot of this town is a resort area of Durres Beach, the main advantage being the presence of sandy beaches, which distinguishes the city from other resorts of the Eastern coast of the Adriatic.
The city of Vlora is located at the confluence of the Adriatic and Ionian seas, with equal right he can be considered to belong to the waters of both reservoirs. This is quite large for a city of Albania with a population of 130 thousand inhabitants has developed for Albania's infrastructure and facilities and low prices.
In the vicinity of the town are the ruins of the ancient city of Bulis with well-preserved Roman amphitheatre, you can also visit the Castle of Kanina in the suburbs.
The beaches are considered the best of vlorë in Albania and there are both sandy and pebbly or rocky. Water has a high purity and transparency.
Despite the small coastline of Slovenia, located a few significant seaside cities.
Portoroz is the most famous seaside resort of Slovenia. Translated from the Slovenian, his name is very romantic and means "port of roses".
This is a luxury resort of a small state is the main health resort of Slovenia.
There are numerous therapeutic and Wellness centresthat use mud, salt room, treatment of sea and thermomineral water. As a health resort portorož is used since the 13th century.
Isola is one of the most famous resorts of Slovenia, is popular for surfing and yachting for the constant and strong winds on the coast. A small town will delight fans of historic architecture: here are 2 old Palace (Manzoli and Besengi del Hives), the medieval city hall, Church of St. Mauro (16th century).
All the beaches in Isola pebble, the city is also known for its annual food and music festivals.
The city of Piran,near portorož, the most quiet resorts of Slovenia. Piran is picturesque in its appearance, which is associated with the topography of the city — the city is located on the hillside and descends to the coast terraces. Piran is also known for its cuisine, which is considered the best on the Slovenian coast. Very popular local fish restaurants and local wine made from local grapes.
Beaches in Piran, rocky, sea, in the heart of the city is characterized by its clean and pretty with great depth.
Koper is the largest city of the Slovenian coast of the Adriatic sea and the largest port in the country. In the middle ages, as well as other cities of Slovenian Istria, the town belonged to Venice, and there remained many attractions related to the time of domination of the Venetians:
- Praetorian Palace, made in the Venetian Gothic style of the 15th century;
- The Palace of the Loggia with a collection of paintings of the 15th century;
- Palace Almerigogna;
- Palace Of Belgrave-Tacco;
- Cathedral of the Dormition of the mother of God of the 15th century;
- The rotunda of the assumption, built in the 12th century.
The city also offers many modern attractions and activities:
- A huge water Park;
- Big zoo;
- Annual music seaside summer festival.
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Bosnia and Herzegovina
The Adriatic coast belonging to Bosnia and Herzegovina, the smallest in comparison with the surrounding countries. Its length is only 20 kilometers. The only resort of this state on the Adriatic — the small town of Neum , with a population of less than 2 thousand people.
Neum is similar to the Croatian resorts on the Adriatic coast: same old story, rooted in antiquity, the same old houses, same pebbly beaches and a similar climate.
But prices for leisure and services in Neum, the lowest on the coast and compares favorably to neighboring resorts of Croatia.
Any attractions in the city, but this annual international festival of animation and music festival.
The climate of the coast by months
The climate of the Northern and the Central Adriatic generally recognizes the Mediterranean, but due to the mountainous terrain of the coast, it has features that distinguish it from the climate of the Mediterranean sea.
For the Adriatic sea, typical local winds formed in the mountains that greatly affect the weather. The southern part of the sea has a subtropical climate. Differences in weather conditions of southern and Northern Adriatic affect the duration of the holiday season in these two areas.
Winter on the Adriatic coast in December have not felt since the day the air temperature is in the North - 8°C, and in the South 13°C. water Temperatures average 14-15°C, and in some places can reach 17 degrees, but this is not enough in order to bathe.
In January it becomes noticeably cooler, the temperature can drop to 4°C in the North and 10-11°C in the South. In the Northern part of the coast, the snow may fall and even established short-term snow cover. Rainfall this month is 2-6 days. Water temperature in January falls below 10 degrees.
February is slightly different from the first month of the year. The temperature difference may be only 1-2 degrees, but the number of wet days is increased to 4-8 days.
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- In March on the Adriatic climate comes the spring, daytime temperatures rise above 10 degrees, the period of flowering plants.
- In April, finally blooming plants, the average daily air temperature exceeds 15 degrees Celsius. The sea heats up slower, the temperature in the main resorts rarely exceed 12-14 degrees.
- In may on the coast starts climate summer average temperature exceed 20 degrees Celsius, begins the holiday season.
But swimming is not yet comfortable due to the slow warming of the sea temperature at this time does not exceed 17-18 degrees.
In the summer over the whole Adriatic sea sets the Azores anticyclone, bringing very warm, sometimes hot weather with low humidity.
Average water temperature throughout the summer in the Northern part of the sea reaches 24 degrees, and in the South rises to 26.
The average daily temperature in June is around 28 degrees, and sometimes rises up to 35 degrees above zero.
In July gets even hotter, the temperature on the coast rises even a few degrees and is 30-32 degrees.
In August, the month the temperature is not much different from July (29-31 degrees). The number of rainy days may be 1-3.
Fall in the Northern part of the sea water temperature drops quickly, so the holiday season ends about a month earlier than in southern Adriatic.
- In September the temperature decreases slightly and reaches 25-27°C, but it does not prevent to have a good time on the coast. The water is also reduced by a few degrees, but still comfortable for swimming.
- In October in the area of Trieste and Istria, the average water temperature is only 18 degrees Celsius, while in the southern sea resorts continues the autumn season with a comfortable sea temperature of 22 degrees above zero. Rainfall can reach 4-6 days.
- In November in some areas can become cold to 13°C, while others can hold temperature 19°C heat. The warmest place in the Adriatic at this time is the Budva Riviera and the IslandsCroatia, where the season can last almost until that time. The water also differs depending on the region (14-20°C).
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In this video you will see the Adriatic sea, Montenegro: