Home / Of the country for vacation / Europe / Belgium / Brussels on the world map and Europe: where and what country is?

Brussels on the world map and Europe: where and what country is?

gde nahoditsya Brussel?

Where is the Brussels of interest to many tourists who have not had time to explore Europe. Brussels is the best it can to convey the spirit of the middle Ages that prevails throughout the European part of the world, and the atmosphere of the modern world.

Brussels on the world map and Europe

gorod na mirovoj karte

Although the city's name remains on the hearing at all, who taught geography in school, travelers who have never visited here, not always accurately imagine the location of Brussels.

In what country is?

If you love the old days and want to get acquainted with the history of Europe should not be limited to German Gothic castles or the French Notre Dame. Be sure to call in modestly nestled on the border of France, the Netherlands and Germany, Belgium, about which it is impossible to create a complete impression, not having been in the country's capital, Brussels.

This amazing ancient city is still full of life and attract tourists.

Brussels is the capital of Belgium. Also it serves as the core of the Brussels-capital region, which includes not only the city itself, but also the surrounding suburbs, forming a vast metropolis. The settlement is situated on the river Senna, but after arriving here, you will not see the slightest traces of this waterway: in the city she was blocked by local engineers in the nineteenth century.

Historical past

istoricheskoe foto

According to legend, in the VI century, the city was founded by the Holy Gericom. Translated from drevnekeltskogo the name "Brussels" means "village on swamp". However, in written sources the city was first mentioned only in the tenth century. It was then that the Duke of Lorraine, Charles I ordered the construction of the Senna river, the fortress and the Cathedral, dedicated to Saint Gudule – Belgian patron.

In the XV century when the Burgundian Duke Philip III the Good of Brussels is experiencing a real economic prosperity. Moving here many artisans, construction of new buildings. For centuries Brussels is constantly passed from the power of the Burgundian dynasty under the control of the Austrian Habsburgs and Vice versa.

During the reign of Philip II the city was part of Southern Netherlands, after which he began the era of Spanish rule. In the second half of the XVII century, Brussels was ruled by France, and then to the XIX century this territory remained in dispute between the French and Austrian monarchs, constantly moving under the control of one or the other.

In the early nineteenth century the city as part of the Southern Netherlands became part of the United Netherlands, however, by mid-century it became the capital of the Belgian Kingdom novorozhdennogo. In the XX century this place became one of the least affected in the world wars, now here are the headquarters of NATO and the European economic community.

General information

The total area of the city is slightly more than 32 km2. In fact, Brussels is home to not more than 160 thousand people, but with 18 communes of the district's population reaches 2 million people.

The topography of the city is quite hilly, so a long walk it can be tiring.

obshaya informaciya

The Brussels region has an irregular shape and consists of a broad Northern, narrow and even more narrow southern regions.

In the Northern part of the noteworthy district of Laken, where the eponymous residence of the Belgian monarchs, the South Avenue Louise. The historic center of the city form the ancient boulevards in the shape of a Pentagon created in the place of former fortifications.

Climatic features

The city's climate belongs to the temperate Maritime type. The relative proximity of the North sea to explain the small seasonal fluctuations of temperatures throughout the year and high humidity.

The hottest weather is in Brussels in July-August, when the temperature average rises to +17°C, and coldest weather here in January with a minimum average monthly temperature of +2.5°C.Average annual temperature average is around +10°C.

The city's frequent rains: the rainfall exceeds the average of 800 mm per year. The most rainy season is November and December.

How to get there?

To get pleasure from the beauties and attractions of Brussels is a must to plan your trip to decide the trip.

From Moscow

Time difference between Moscow and Brussels is 2 hours (in the capital of Belgium timepieces show 2 hours behind), so this fact should be considered when choosing a method of transportation. To get to the city from the Russian capital next flight:

  • Flights of the company "Aeroflot". The aircraft will fly 2 times a day flight from Sheremetyevo daily, in the way you'll be about 3.5 hours;
  • rejsy iz Moskvy

  • Flights Brussels Airlines. 1, the aircraft will fly once a day, departing from Domodedovo on a daily basis, the duration of a flight just over 3 hours;
  • Flights of other companies: Swiss, KLM, Austrian Airlines, LOT, Estonian Air, Lufthansa c transfers in Zurich, Amsterdam, Vienna, Warsaw, Tallinn, Frankfurt am main, respectively;
  • Train Moscow-Cologne or Moscow to Amsterdam and then Germany or the Netherlands take the train to Brussels. From Amsterdam trains depart every 3 hours and are in transit for about 2 hours;
  • The journey from Cologne to the Belgian capital will take almost as well as from Amsterdam, however, to leave the station every 1-2 hours.

  • A bus with two transfers in Minsk and Warsaw, or a direct flight comfortable carrier from the station Shchelkovskaya which is situated in Brussels about 44 hours (the bus is free Wi-Fi, hot food and drinks, air conditioning).

From St. Petersburg

From the Northern capital you will find yourself in Brussels (the time difference is the same as with Moscow), using one of the following methods:

  1. Flights. The flight company Estonian Air will allow you to find yourself in the place of arrival almost 4 hours (going to need a transplant in Tallinn). The journey with AirBerlin with a stopover in the German capital for the flight Brussels Airlines.

    About 5-5. 5 hours is the flight from Petersburg to Brussels with companies LOT, Lufhansa, KLM, Czech Airlines, SAS, Austrian Airlines c transfers in Warsaw, Frankfurt, Amsterdam, Prague, Copenhagen, Vienna, respectively;

  2. Bus. Transplant need to be done in Riga, but in the way you'll be about 45 hours. Buses run on Wednesdays and Fridays at 20:10 from the bus station, located on the waterfront of the bypass channel, and at 20:30 from Vitebsk station.
  3. avtobusom iz Sankt-Peterburga

  4. Railroad. With Vitebsk station in Saint Petersburg, almost daily trains to Brussels with transfers in Vienna, Frankfurt and Dortmund. Along the way you'll be about 2.5 hours;

From other regions of Russia

Residents of the province will be able to get to the capital of Belgium on the plane with only one change: direct communication between Brussels and other cities of the Russian Federation, except for Moscow, does not exist. Today you can buy tickets on flights to this city in Volgograd, Kazan, Novosibirsk, Murmansk and other big towns of Russia.

Residents of Ufa can go to Brussels, book a seat on the flight of Turkish Airlines or Aeroflot (with a connection in Moscow, flight duration is about 7 hours).

Planes these companies fly in the Belgian capital from Rostov-on-don and Yekaterinburg (to fly at least 4.5 and 6 hours, respectively).

At the airport Mineral Waters to book tickets on flights to Brussels through Istanbul Pegasus Airlines (flight duration approximately 8 hours). In Novosibirsk , this service provides company S7 airlines and Brussels Airlines (layover in Moscow) and Turkish Airlines (transit in Istanbul). The flight takes about 6 hours.

perelety iz gorodov Rossii

To buy a plane ticket, you can use this search form. Enter the city of departure and arrival, date and number of passengers.

Useful tips for travelers

If the capital of Belgium shortly waiting for you, you'll appreciate the following recommendations:

  • As in Brussels, the rains are frequent, be sure to put in the Luggage, raincoat or umbrella;
  • For a more comfortable stay, plan a trip here for the summer. Heat here never happens, and temperature +18-20 degrees on average, and less precipitation will allow us to devote moretime sightseeing;
  • A lover of perfumes and Couture should visit exclusive boutiques and fashion shops in the high-rent district on Avenue Louise and Waterloo street;
  • The best restaurants are on the street petite, close to the Central square of Brussels;
  • Lovers of seafood and fish simply can not stop Rue de Boucher is a famous local restaurant where these dishes are just great;
  • A day off at the local museums – Monday;
  • If you are flying, you can take 100 grams of tea, 200 cigarettes, 2 liters of alcohol, 50 ml of perfume or 250 ml of perfume, 500 g of coffee. It is strictly forbidden to import fresh meat;
  • Banks are usually open from 9:00 to 15:30 or 16:30 only on weekdays. Weekend are points of exchange of currencies, but the Bank change is much cheaper;
  • As Souvenirs from Brussels it is better to bring local gin, a chocolate bar, lace or crystal product;
  • In remote areas of the city should not go without a guide, as to walk in the evening with large amounts of money or valuables: leave them in the hotel safe.

We recommend you to watch educational film about Brussels: