Aladzha cave monastery on the map of Bulgaria: how to get out of the Sand?
Aladzha monastery is one of the most famous religious attractions of Bulgaria. It is believed that he is similar monasteries associated with Hesychasm (a mystical religious doctrine which came to Bulgaria from Byzantium).
The rock monastery Aladzha
The name of the monastery refers to the Ottoman Empire. In Arabic language it means "colorful". It is believed that the reason for its emergence were the frescoes.
On the white limestone walls of the monastery frescoes look like bright and very colorful spots.
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The location on the map
The monastery is located in the North-East of the country. Look for the monastery is in the heart of the famous Bulgarian resort Golden Sands. Distance from the monastery to the city of Varna is only 14 km. distance from the monastery to Balchik — 10 km.
Want to visit the monastery of Aladzha? Find out in our article, do I need to visa.
600 metres from the monastery are the catacombs of Aladzha. They were formed in the rocks after of these locations retreated to the sea. It happened in the period of the early Christian era. The monks used the catacombs for burial of the dead.
In the existing historical sources you can find only one mention of the Christian name of the monastery. It was recorded in one legend, which dates from the nineteenth century. It sounds like the monastery of "the Holy Saviour". Despite the fact that this title is consistent with the Christian tradition, the monastery got the name with the Persian-Turkish origin.
In Russian literature the monastery was first mentioned in the book Teplyakov, called "Letters from Bulgaria". It was published in 1832.
In his book, the author mentions that Bulgarians called the ruins of the cloister of Kaucuk.
The history of the monastery is reflected in local legends. One of them tells about Zalmoxis. He had the gift of healing. He was worshiped by the locals. Zalmoxis shall be considered as the chief, priest and God. He was a disciple of Pythagoras had traveled to Egypt, and returned to the country, settled in a remote place with many rock caves.
Living in the vicinity of the monastery geta every 5 years brought the victim to Zalmoxis his man. He had to give him the news in the realm of the dead about what the people need. To do this, the selected victim was throwing spears. If the Herald was dead, it meant that the message God delivered.
There are allegations that the site of the monastery before it was a sanctuary. The mention of the fact that he was worshipped Philip of Macedon can be found in the Chronicles of Jordania.
Another important Shrine of Bulgaria is Rila monastery. Read here about this atmospheric place.
In one of the legend says that the monastery still lives the spirit of a mysterious monkwho is guarding her. In various legends it has their names. According to one version his name is Imrie, on the other Rome, the Pope. To see the image of a Ghost on one of the walls of the cliff.
In the vicinity of the monastery was a large number of snakes. In order to get rid of them in this country was imported hedgehogs. Their fight with the snakes was the subject of another give.
The most mysterious legend says that the monastery 's treasures are hidden. After hearing about the mysterious treasures of the monastery, one of the Incas went on their search. He found the secret entrance and the night has entered into the dungeon, where he met with the elder. Frightened him, he began to run.
Found Inca Turks - he was lying unconscious in the woods. Pockets of his clothes were stuffed with jewels, and the monk did not really remember.
The monastery is located incaves and grottoes. They appeared in the rocks after about 12 million years ago this area left the sea.
The final formation of the appearance of the monastery was completed the monks hermits much later. It happened in XII-XIII century.
During the Ottoman Empire, the Aladzha monastery was destroyed. Bulgarian archaeologists for a long time gathered about him the historical material and studied the buildings. Found the ruins of the monastery was in 1957. Currently, it is not the monks live, but it is opened for tourists.
The monastery is a monument of Bulgarian culture. A great contribution to the study of object made Bulgarian archaeologists Carol and Hermon Score.
The design of monastic dwellings
Before entering the monastery has a clean spring, and the monastery is surrounded by unique vegetation. From the upper tiers of the monastery offers scenic views of the sea and surrounding Park.
Surrounded by unique trees, the monastery is a complex consisting of several objects. It includes 3 churches. The main part of the monastery consists of 20 rooms. They have different purposes and located in the rock having a height of 40 meters. The rock is divided into several levels connected by stone stairs.
The coastal resorts vacation will be at the highest level. Read here on where to stay in Bulgaria.
- On the first floor are located the monks ' cells. Here are the kitchen and dining room. Found on this level and a place for a small Church.
- On the second floor , the monks made a chapel. The walls of the churches and chapels painted with unique frescos.
In front of the entrance to the monastery is a Museum, which exposition is devoted to the history of the monastery. A little distance from the monastery there are catacombsin them in ancient times the monks were hiding from the Turks. They have 3 tiers.
The best preserved to our days the 2nd level of the catacombs. It has 5 patterns and 1 large room. Until now, scientists could not determine its purpose. On the walls of all rooms of this level can be found carved in stone images of crosses which belong to the early Christian era.
The premises for the burials of this level has a separate entrance. It is on an external site. The lower and upper areas of the catacombs have been preserved not as good as the 2nd level.
At the bottom of the catacombs located the monastic cells and temple. The upper tier adapted for a chapel.
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The road to the desert and visit
To get to the monastery is possible in the period from may to October. The rest of the time it is closed to visitors.
Entering a house is possible from 10:00 to 17:00, Sunday and Monday the monastery was closed.
Entrance paid. For visiting the monastery you will have to pay:
- adult - 5 BGN (about 180 rubles);
- child - 2 BGN (about 70 rubles).
Twice a week in the monastery complex held views. Tickets cost 15 BGN (534 rubles). Demonstrates visual representation on a steep wall of rock. It is dedicated to the history of the monastery.
Don't forget to buy original Souvenirs of the Bulgarian national drinks, food or other interesting things. What can I bring from Bulgaria, read this article.
How to get from Varna and Golden Sands?
To Varna from Russia can be reached by plane, both regular and Charter flights.
There are three basic ways to travel from Varna to Golden Sands:
- Bus №409 route departs from the bus stop to Golden Sands. Journey time — 45 minutes;
- Transfer. To order the service of transfer at the local transport offices. Journey time — 20-25 minutes;
- Car. In a rented car you can drive to Golden Sands, but it is better to clarify the way in order not to get lost.
The monastery of the Golden Sands you need to get through the Park. There is a paved walking path that leads to the monastery. Distance to the monastery is 2 km away from the village of Ivanovo to Aladzha monastery is a bus.
We encourage you to watch a fascinating video about the Aladzha monastery: