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Prague on the map of Europe: the capital of what country where is the airport?

gde nahoditsya Praga?

In recent years Prague has established itself as the most popular among tourists cities in Central and Eastern Europe. Are no exception and the Russians.

Those who are not yet lucky enough to visit this beautiful city, it will be interesting to find out where is Prague, its history and peculiarities of the city.

Prague on the map of the world, Europe and Czech Republic

gorod na mirovom atlase

Prague and the whole Czech Republic, located in Europe. Previously, the majority of geographers took the Czech Republic to Eastern Europe, but in recent years the impression that the city and country located in Central Europe.

The capital of what country is at the present time?

Prague for most of the twentieth century was the capital of Czechoslovakia. After the disintegration of the United States, located in the Czech part of the country, Prague became the capital of the Czech Republic.

Prague is in the heart of the European continent on both banks of the Vltava river.


The geographical coordinates of 50 degrees North latitude and 14 degrees East longitude. The city is located in the centre of the historical region of Bohemia, which includes the whole Western part of modern Czech Republic.

Time zone

chasovoj poyas i raznica vo vremeni

The time zone of Prague — UTC+1in summer because of the clock changing to UTC+2. The time difference with Moscow is around:

  • one hour in the summer;
  • two hours in the winter.

Information about the "stone" city

Prague is one of the oldest cities founded by the Slavs. Of the major cities over Prague is only Kiev, but these data relate to the semi-legendary.

History

Despite the fact that prehistoric in the place of Prague have an age of at least 6 thousand years, it is believed that the first Slavic settlement was built around the beginning of VII century BC

For the first time as Prague was mentioned only in the early ninth century in the Frankish source "Description of cities and regions to the North of the Danube".

istoricheskie svedeniya

Good location in the centre of the settlement of the tribe of the Czechs allowed Prague for a short time to become the capital of the growing state of the Czechs, which has absorbed not only Bohemia (Western Czech Republic), but then and Moravia (Eastern Czech Republic). In the IX century was built the Prague castle, and a century later — vyšehrad.

The Prague castle for centuries was the residence of Czech princes and later kings, and Vysehrad performed these functions in the XIV century, when Prague became the capital of the Holy Roman Empire.

Powerful Czech Kingdom has crippled the Hussite wars of XV century and the Thirty years war of the seventeenth century, the result of which was the loss of independence, and Prague — deprivation of capital functions. The city became a possession of the Habsburgs and gradually, as well as the whole Bohemia and the Czech Republic as a whole, became part of the Austrian Empire, in which Prague was one of the most developed cities, along with Vienna.

However, at this time the main population of Prague were Germans and Jews, for example, the famous Franz Kafka. With the gradual resettlement of the Czechs in the city, it again becomes Czech, and after the collapse of Austria-Hungary and the formation of Czechoslovakia, Prague regained its capital status. Now Prague is one of the most beautiful cities of Europe and cultural heritage of the world.

General information

Prague is a large foreign European city with a population of about 1 million 250 thousand inhabitants. Every year Prague is visited by about 6 million people, so in high season the number of people on the streets exceeds the number of permanentinhabitants.

The vast majority of locals — Czechs, so the main language is also Czech. However, this does not mean that local residents do not know other languages, here are the following languages:

  1. English;
  2. German;
  3. Russian.

The area of the city — almost 500 km2, it extends maximally from the West to the East 26 km from North to South — 22 km.

Like many other major cities, Prague had once consisted of individual cities, and later the United. Many of these historical neighborhoods as vyšehrad, Staré město, Nové město was formerly independent and even at odds with each other.

obshie dannye

Co-ordination and Providence of Prague carries out the magistrate at the head of the primator. The magistrate is responsible for the citywide economy: public transport, police, fire Department, maintenance of cultural and historical monuments.

Most of the powers the city has the municipal formations of lower order.

District and area

Modern administrative division of the Prague based not on the historical quarters and modern zoning. Now the city is divided into 22 managed districts, in turn divided into 57 self-governing regions (urban areas).

Primary cell division — it is a self-governing unit, combined into districts for the convenience of municipal services (issuing of passports, licenses, etc.). Urban self-governing part responsible for social work, holding cultural and sporting events, sale and management of municipal property, etc.

If the County and city are not part of the refinement names (for the most part they are named Prague 1, Prague–2, etc.), the division into cadastral territory more in keeping with historical traditions. Cadastral areas are the traditional names of the old quarters, villages and towns, which became part of the city.

The name of the cadastral territories more often used in everyday life of the people of Prague than dry names of districts and city parts.

Climate

The climate of Prague is a little different from other places in Central Europe and the Czech Republic. Characterized by a soft "European" winter with an average temperature of the coldest month of January at -1.5°C and the warmest month July +18,2°C.

So neither too hot summer nor extreme cold weather here almost never happens. But because of the activity of the Atlantic in Prague is often cloudy, and in summer it often rains. The average annual rainfall reaches 500 mm.

A trip to the Czech capital

puteshestvie v cheshskuu stolicu

Due to the fact that Prague is traditionally considered a tourist destination, especially popular among Russian tourists, to get to the Czech capital from Moscow and other Russian cities is usually not difficult, even despite the fact that the distance from Moscow to Prague — almost 2 thousand.

How to get there?

The Russians are planning a trip to Prague, there is a choice of several ways to reach the city:

  • The traditional route trainconnecting Prague and Moscow, has been operating for several decades. Train No. 21-22 "Vltava" departs from the Belorussky railway station of Moscow and passes through the territory of Belarus (Minsk), Poland (Warsaw) and the Czech Republic (Ostrava, Pardubice).

    On the territory of Brest in cars change the wheelset as the rail track in Europe than in Russia.


    Time train EN route to 28 hours. The composition of the leaves on Tuesdays, Wednesdays and Fridays early in the morning, in summer at 7:45, in winter — 8:45. The train arrives into the main train station of Prague. Also from the Northern capital, there is a train №057M "Saint Petersburg — Prague", a journey time of 38 hours, the composition of the leaves once a week on Thursdays.

    Both belong to international class, therefore, differ somewhat from the usual domestic trains. For example, sleeping shelves in international trains are wider, but the coupe area less than about 30% than a standard double cabin on domestic flights;

  • The bus to Prague can be reached from most major cities of the European part of the country. The journey time from Moscow — about 38 hours, about a third more than when traveling by train. But the bus tickets are about 2 times cheaper than rail transport. Driving directions to Prague usually also goes through Belarus and Poland;
  • kak doehat na avtobuse?

  • Air travel is the easiest, convenient and fastest way to get to Prague from Russia. Regular flights to Prague are from many Russian cities: Moscow and Saint-Petersburg toElista and Makhachkala. Only Prague is connected with three dozen Russian cities, but most flights required a transfer in Moscow or St. Petersburg.

    Direct flights connect the capital of the Czech Republic to Moscow, Saint-Petersburg, Yekaterinburg and some million-plus cities of the Russian Federation. From Moscow daily carried up to a dozen flights of Russian and Czech airlines. The journey time is just under 3 hours.

    In Prague, the aircraft adopts international airport. Vaclav Havel is one of the best in Central and Eastern Europe. Prague airport annually serves 15 million customers.

    The entire air port has 4 terminals, but the citizens of Russia serving the 1st terminal, designed to serve trips from outside the area of Schengen. In the 1st terminal, there are several bars, cafes and restaurants, tourist offices, pharmacies. Children room and the Museum dedicated to the history of the airport.

To find a suitable plane ticket, you can use this search form. Enter the city of departure and arrival, the date and the number of passengers.

The route from the airport to the center

Airport. Vaclav Havel is less than 20 km from the city. To reach Prague from the territory of the terminal in several ways:

  1. by taxi — the journey time is 20 -25 minutes, the cost is about 400-600 CZK (approximately 1050-1580 RUB.);
  2. on the Shuttle busconnecting the airport and train station;
  3. Schedules Express bus to Prague — every half hour, journey time about 35 minutes.

  4. buses No. 100, No. 119, No. 191 and No. 510 (night), every bus route runs every 7 to 30 minutes, travel time — 15 to 45 minutes, depending on the final stop.

More interesting information about Prague in the following video: