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Description of Slovenia's attractions: what to see in Ljubljana?

dostoprimechatelnosti Slovenii

Slovenia, attractions which have a unique atmosphere, and interesting routes, impressive picturesque nature, Alpine mountains, waterfalls, rivers and lakes.

Fans of monuments of architecture will be in awe of the ancient cities with centuries-old buildings that have been preserved until our days.

Map of Slovenia in the Russian language

strana na russkoyazychnoj karte

In recent years, Macao attracted to their spaces more and more tourists. This is due to the convenient location, unique nature and variety of resorts.

Where is the country?

Slovenia is in Central Europe. This country occupies a modest area 20 273 sq km, but on the surface are compacted in the snow-capped Alpine mountains, the Dinaric Alps and the Pannonian plain.

On the South are the beach and health resorts, which are washed by the Adriatic sea.


Next to Slovenia are European countries such as Austria, Croatia, Italy, Hungary. Many of them significantly influenced the formation of traditions, history and culture.

Historical information

istoricheskaya spravka

The first settlers on the territory of Slovenia appeared for a long time. It was originally the Celts and the Illyrians, but later came the Slavs. The country has received the name "Garantia", becoming part of the Frankish Empire. With these developments associated with the most significant archaeological finds:

  • decoration;
  • ritual things;
  • the remains of buildings.

Since the fourteenth century, Macao has become a "tasty morsel" for neighboring States. In 1335 part of the country took control of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. This government lasted until 1918, and for such a long period under the ban was the native language of the Slovenians, their culture and traditions. In schools taught in German.

During the First world war coastal part of Slovenia has captured the neighboring Italy and included this region in the country. Italian influence is still felt in the cuisine, language and architecture. The rest of the state became a possession of the Croats, Slovenes and Serbs, under the name of Yugoslavia. This Alliance lasted until 1991.

After gaining independence, Slovenia managed to achieve prosperity. Its territory began to arrive European tourists to visit the ski resorts to improve their health into thermal or beach resorts, to walk through old cities.

Also began an active return to the identity, so guests have the opportunity to attend festivals and fairs devoted to the traditions of the country.

Attractions - photos and description

foto i opisanie zamka v stolice

The most important city of Slovenia – Ljubljana, Maribor, Kranj, bled – ancient settlements, which are best attractions of the country.

Ljubljana

Being one of the most important and beautiful cities in Slovenia, Ljubljana inspires unsurpassed architecture and ancient monuments. For these features it is called "small Prague".

In the vastness of Ljubljana is the old and the new district, and each of them is beautiful in their own way. The oldest part originated in the middle Ages, and many of the buildings remained even after the earthquake of 1895. Among such places, it is worth noting the promenade, the Triple bridge and the Central market and the Cathedral. Nicholas and the Baroque town hall in the town square.

Ljubljana became the capital of Slovenia after the breakup of Yugoslavia in 1991year.

In the heart of Ljubljana is prešeren square with the monuments:

  1. the sculpture of the poet prešeren;
  2. the oldest Department store of the city;
  3. the Hauptmann home;
  4. Franciscan Church of the XVII century.

Near the square you can find several architectural buildings in the art Nouveau style, including the Grand hotel "Union" and the co-operative Bank, decorated with ornaments.

Over Ljubljana on top of a rock stands the ancient castle. This building was built in the IX century and since then, he had to endure a lot of events. Its walls served as the residence for kings, an impregnable prison and a protective fortress. Currently, it was turned into a Museum narrating the history of the city.

Maribor

ploshad v Maribore

The second largest and popular city in Macao was founded in the XIII century. Since then, he grew and developed.

In the vastness of Maribor you can find several significant monuments of history, and beyond its borders – the best natural attractions of the country.

Familiarity with Maribor begins with the historical square. Its center is decorated with a column to mark the end of plague, and on its summit stands the gilded statue of the virgin Mary. The area surrounds the architectural ensemble of perfectly preserved old houses belonging to residents of the city.

Around the column is several architectural monuments of different ages:

  • Church. Eloise the XVIII century;
  • Church. Barbara the seventeenth century;
  • town hall with lots of decorations;
  • Minorite monastery.

One of the most memorable sights of the city is Maribor castle is an architectural structure that emerged in the XV century. For many centuries, this building was constantly rebuilt, so it is impossible to determine the architectural style. The building has housed the city Museum.

In the old part of Maribor preserved remains of the city walls, a few old towers (Jewish, Justice, Water), Cathedral Stolnica, the Old synagogue. Walk through these places will be pleasant and unhurried, as all the memorable attractions are located within walking distance from each other.

Natural places of Maribor is also attractive for tourists. Among them are: city Park, coast of the Drava river and several ecological trails in the mountains.

Piran

Tartini v Pirane

A small but cosy town, which once belonged to the Venetian Republic, can be circumvented in just 20 minutes. But even so, fans of architectural monuments and winding streets will be impressed by the medieval flavor of this settlement.

The famous sights of Piran:

  1. the Cathedral of St. George;
  2. walls;
  3. the Tartini square.

Especially in Piran impressive houses with red tile roofs, built right next to each other.

Portoroz

The resort town of Slovenia on the Adriatic sea is not only the beach recreation but also for educational tourism. The settlement was founded in the XIII century. His land was so fertile, that there began to grow olives and grapes.

Later were discovered the different resorts with the help of salty water and therapeutic mud delivered from rheumatism.


Seaside towns are decorated with narrow streets, ancient cathedrals, Gothic architecture, and the ruins of the fortress walls. It is worth noting that in portorož is the most prestigious hotel in Slovenia, the Kempinski Palace. In different years, it rested eminent personalities: Marcello Mastroianni, Josip Broz Tito, the Archduke Franz Ferdinand.

Kempinski Palas v Portorozhe

Historical monuments are not so many, but each of them is worthy of attention:

  • Primorsky Boulevard;
  • Maritime Museum;
  • Natural Park;
  • Predjama castle.

The real pride of Portoroz – Sea aquarium – an impressive exhibition with inhabitants, such as sperm whales, octopus, catfish and wrasse.

Koper

The main seaport of Slovenia and cultural center attracts attractions and lots of fun. Small banks are a distinctive and interesting historical monuments. The brightest of them – the Praetorian Palace – the building, built in 1464 in the Venetian Gothic style.

Opposite the Praetorian Palace, built the Palace of the Loggia, the building, which houses an art gallery and café.

Koper adorn the palaces of theformer nobility:

  1. castle Socerb;
  2. Palace Almerigogna;
  3. Palace of Totto ex:;
  4. castle of Belgrave-Tacco;
  5. Skocjanski castle.

Familiarity with architecturalattractions of Koper is walking around the square Titov Bargaining, Ceglarska street, square and Carpaccio, street Kidriceva and Piazza Brolo. These places are the buildings of the XV-XVII centuries, the old tavern, granary, several museums and houses of famous personalities.

Also in Koper attract the attention of religious buildings – the Cathedral of the assumption of the virgin of the XV century, the Cathedral of St. Mary, the rotunda of the assumption of the XII century.

Bled

ostrov Bled

The green town of Slovenia, surrounded on all sides by mountains and forests. It is in Triglav National Park, so the main attractions here are natural objects. Among them especially notable is lake bled, with its beaches and picturesque island.

Around the lake are excellent tourist infrastructure – swimming pools, hotels, restaurants, cafes, souvenir shops.

Business card lake bled – ancient architecture of the island. It is the castle of the XIII century and the chapel of the assumption. The castle houses a historical Museum and on the walls – observation deck, offering beautiful views of the Alps.

In bled, there are other religious monuments , its streets decorated the Church. Martin, Church of. Mark in Vrbe.

In summer, tourists prefer tours and learn about the history of the region, the visit of ecological routes on foot or on horseback (Pokljuka gorge and Vingar), in winter – skiing from the slopes of ski resorts.

Kranj

One of the oldest towns in Slovenia can boast with the architecture of the XIII century. In the old part of the city's town hall, a few houses XVI-XVII centuries, Gorenjski Museum with a rich collection of exhibits and the Church of St. Canzian of the XIV century.

Several attractions of the city are a reminder that here once was born and lived the great Slovenian poet Franz Presern. After him was renamed the square of virgin Mary where it is installed the sculpture upright.

pamyatnik Preshernu v Krani

Also nearby is the temple that holds his remains. In addition, the Crane has the house-Museum of prešeren. In his honor named the local cemetery.

Under the ground are former the catacombs, built during the Second world war. Previously, they served as protection, now in their territory opened the exhibition with fossils and an extensive collection of minerals.

What else to see?

In the framework of the self-guided tour through Slovenia, you can discover many beautiful and unique places, especially in the summer.

Be sure to visit in the summer?

In the summer in Slovenia, interesting natural objects, so tourists are especially popular cycle routes.

Many areas offer great trails and parks and places for accommodation and information points.

Among the miraculous attractions is to provide the following:

  • The Postojna cave system of karst caves formed by the river;
  • The škocjan caves – the underground formation with tunnels and halls;
  • Kras is a limestone plateau with bizarre formations;
  • the valley of the soča river – source in the valley of the Julian Alps;
  • Logarska Dolina – region with a cluster of waterfalls and lakes.

A small city in Slovenia – Idrija and Isola are the regions famous for its craft heritage, where you can buy original gifts, unusual museums and historic buildings.

Where to go with kids?

Young tourists will be interested in zoos, museums and natural sites. In Ljubljana, this place is a sanctuaryin which all conditions are created for animals. There is also the Tivoli gardens is a picturesque area of the capital.

In 1984 the town was opened to Maritime Museum – an extensive exhibition, where you can get acquainted with the history and traditions of one of the countries of the Mediterranean. Its main exhibits include models of ships, tools, arrangement of cabins of famous ships.

Learn Macao closer will help you with the following video: