Castles of Germany: names, photos, history
Germany is famous for its fairytale castles, scattered in different corners of the country.
In the Middle ages they were the residences of wealthy families, feudal lords and even kings. Some of these palaces and FORTS are still owned by the descendants of noble families.
Most castles located on the hills surrounded by stunning scenery.
Only in Germany there are more than 25 thousand of these luxurious facilities. Some of them have turned into museums, places to stay or hotels, others were destroyed in wars or time, and has survived only in the form of ruins.
ELTZ castle is one of the few ancient castles that have survived to our days in excellent condition. It was built in the early XII century and during that time never exposed to destructive influences.
The castle is located on the territory of Rhineland-Palatinate along the river Altbach. Its owners – a dynasty of ELTZ, whose representatives held high positions and owned the castle until now 33 generation.
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The castle is the Armory with a collection of medieval weapons. You should pay attention to the Treasury, which collected about 500 different items of the XII-XIX centuries.
From 1 April to 1 November there are daily tours lasting approximately 40 minutes. You can reach it best by car, but by train, then you have to walk for about an hour.
Hohenzollern castle is located 50 km from Stuttgart, near the city of tübingen. The castle is mentioned first time in 1267, but according to the researchers the castle was built in the XI century.
It is located on top of the Swabian ALB at an altitude of 800 meters above sea level. The Germans call it the "castle in the clouds" is so high it's worth.
Gothic style knight's castle attracts tourists from all over the world. The interior allows one to feel the spirit of the middle ages. It contains unique paintings, antique furniture, military ammunition of kings and knights.
From 1 November to 15 March the castle is open from 10 until 16:30. From 16 March to 31 October - from 9 to 17:30.
September 7, the lock closes in 14 hours December 24 - closed, December 31 open until 15 hours, and 1 January from 11 am to 16:30. The castle can be reached from Stuttgart by bus or by rail.
Treasure of the Alps: Neuschwanstein castle
Neuschwanstein castle is located on a hill in the mountains near the town of füssen. In 1869-1891. it was built by king Ludwig II of Bavaria to carry out their romantic fantasies.
The construction is made in the style of a medieval knight's castle. The interior is very spacious and are distinguished by their grandeur. That only is the throne hall, designed in the Byzantine style!
Royal apartments are designed in the Romanesque and the bedroom and the chapel is in the Gothic style. It is noteworthy that the Royal rooms were connected to the Central heating, and on each floor there are taps with cold water.
The castle is open for visits from April to September from 9 to 18 hours from October to March from 10 to 16 hours. Closed 24, 25, 31 December and 1 January.
The castle can be reached by taking the Shuttle bus from füssen to Schwangau. From there on the paved road to the castle will take horseback rides, or you can walk which will take about 20 minutes.
Castle Frankenstein is located South of Darmstadt in Hesse. It stands on the Langenberg mountain 370 m from the sea level. It was built on the orders of Conrad Reitz von Breuberg, the owner of these places in the middle of the XIII century.
The fame of the castle was due to the writer Mary Shelley who wrote the novel "Frankenstein", inspired by the local folklore after a visit to this castle.
Unfortunately, to date, survived only a chapel and two towers, the rest of the ruins.
The castle is open daily from 9 am until late evening. Admission is free. To get to the castle of Darmstadt by car.
Castle Maxburg is located in the picturesque places of the Middle Rhine above the townBraubach. The first mention of the castle date back to the year 1231. The castle was owned by count Eberhard II von Katzenelnbogen.
The main feature of the lock – it is fully equipped as a medieval military fortress. It has all the attributes of the middle ages – the knights ' hall, Armoury, wine cellar and secret passages.
From 24 March to 4 November the castle is open from 10 to 17 hours. From November 5 to 7 March , from 11 to 16 hours. On 24 and 25 December – closed. To Maxburgh from Braubach can be reached on foot in 20 minutes.
Wartburg castle stands at a height of 441 meters above sea level in the land of Thuringia near the town of Eisenach. Mention of the castle dates back to 1080 first year.
The owners of the castle were representatives of the elite aristocratic Lutovinov. In the middle of the XII century the castle was substantially rebuilt by the Landgrave Ludovika II. Then was built the Palace has great cultural and historical value.
In the nineteenth century, the Wartburg has undergone significant architectural changes. Later in the mid-twentieth century it was completely restored.
Hall the Landgrave and the Singers hall is decorated with columns with frescoes depicting the history of the castle. Grand Banquet hall is very impressive. Inside, you can see tapestries, antique musical instruments, items of silver.
The castle is open for visits from April to October - every day from 8:30 to 20 PM, from November to March – from 9 to 17 hours. To get to the castle you can walk for 30 minutes from Eisenach, climbing up the steep mountain.
The castle of Hohenschwangau close to füssen and very near the famous Neuschwanstein castle. The castle was built by king Maximilian II of Bavaria in the twelfth century. His son Ludwig II spent almost his entire life.
The interior of the castle is admirable. Here and picturesque hall of the Swan knight, and a Queen bedroom Suite with romantic notes, made in Turkish style, and the hall of heroes, whose paintings depict the Saga of the Velkin from the Saga of Dietrich von Bern.
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From April to September the castle is open from 9 to 18. From October to March – from 10 to 16. Thursday Hohenschwangau is open till 20 hours.
To the slope of the hill on which stands the fortress can be reached from füssen by taxi or bus. To 10 lead stone stairs.
The castle is located in the centre of Schwerin, on the small islandconnected with the city and the Palace garden small bridges. It was built in the XIX century by order of Grand Duke Friedrich Franz II.
Pentagonal Central building of the Palace combines several styles. Castle long served as the residence of the Dukes of Schwerin.
In the interior you can see a gallery of family portraits of the dynasty of Mecklenburg. The castle is surrounded by a magnificent garden in the tradition of English style.
Visit of the castle is open from 10 to 18 hours. Monday – day off.
Wernigerode castle is located in Saxony-Anhalt in the vicinity of the city Wernigerode. It rises above the thick forest standing on the slope in the Harz mountains.
The castle was built in the beginning of the XII century as a fortress to protect the German emperors, during raids on hunting. After the Thirty years war Wernigerode suffered heavily in the XVII century, was rebuilt in the Baroque style.
The modern look of the castle was acquired in the mid-nineteenth century, when it was supplemented by buildings in the Gothic revival style. The castle has about 40 bedrooms and living rooms in the spirit of the middle ages.
In addition, the castle offers exhibitions of paintings and other art objects. For the Russian speaking public, the castle is notable for the fact that they could see him in the film adaptation of Mark Zakharov, "the very Munchausen".
Castle accepts visitors from may to October – from 10 to 18 hours. From November to April: from Tuesday to Friday from 10 to 17 hours, Saturday and Sunday from 10 to 18 hours. To reach the castle at the city train or horse carriage.
Traveling through Germany, you should definitely visit some of these castles and enjoy the atmosphere of the middle Ages.
And also to feel the spirit of the time, to see the unique collections of weapons, meet Antiques stored there.
To get to the place most convenient by car or taxi, will not have long to go.