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The Netherlands on the world map in Russian: where is Holland?

Niderlandy na karte mira

Knowledge of geography — not the strong side of mankind. For many on the road to Holland the first revelation is an understanding of what they are going to the Netherlands. The second surprise occurs when receiving information about the fact that Holland is just 2 provinces of 12, part of the Netherlands.


The Netherlands on the world map and Europe in Russian

Korolevstvo na karte mira i Evropy

The state consists of the Western part and some Islands. There are in its structure and self-directed education. They represent the areas with special economic status. Three Islands Aruba, Sit Martin and popular with owners of gambling institutions in Curacao.

The most distant territory of the Kingdom of the Netherlands located in the Caribbean sea.


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Where?

Search the Netherlands on the map in the Western part of Europe. In translation the name of the state means "the Lower land". It is directly related to the geographical position of the Netherlands. Geographically they are on two European lowlands North and West.

If you look at the map of the Netherlands on the squares, you can find the coordinates of the exact location of the state.

Almost half of the country's land located at the level below the level of the world ocean. This is the cause of frequent flooding in the state that haunt the Netherlands for many centuries.

Who is on the border?

The land border of the Netherlands has only two countries. The length of the border line with Germany is 577 km and with Belgium is 450 km from the West coast of the country washed by the North sea. According to his shelf boarder. Rich in minerals the area is divided between six countries — Denmark, the Netherlands, great Britain, Germany, Belgium and France.

Waterway

The total area of the country is 41.2 thousand square kilometers, 4.3 thousand sq. km of them covered with water. Most of the land is the Delta of three main rivers of the Netherlands — the Rhine, Maas and Scheldt. They form a belted sand dunes sleeves, covered with lush vegetation.

The largest lake of the country — the IJsselmeer. It is an artificial reservoir, which was formed in result of separation of the Gulf of Zuiderzee dike from the North sea. Most of the Dutch lakes are connected by channels and are included in a single comprehensive system of reclamation.

How to get out of Russia?

In just 3-3. 5 hours to get from Moscow to Amsterdam aircraft of the Russian "Aeroflot" or Dutch KLM. The low-cost airline AirBerlin , you can reach over 2 hours and 50 minutes to düsseldorf, and from there by train to the Netherlands.

Choose airline tickets by using this search form. Enter the city of departure and destination, the date, the number of passengers.

Information about the country

svedeniya o gosudarstve

At the mention of the Netherlands, most often in the mind brings forth images of windmills, fields of tulips, the many channels and a large number of cyclists.

The country is famous for varieties of strong beer has an interesting and complicated history which has shaped the identity and culture of its people.

The history of the country

According to the researches of archaeologists, the first human settlements appeared on the territory of the country is 250 thousand years ago. They settled by Celtic tribes. In the first centuryThe Netherlands came under the rule of the Romans and had been under her for three centuries. This period in history is associated with an active construction of roads, FORTS, arrangement of channels and a large number of uprisings and revolts.

In 3-4 centuries the Northern lands of the country began to be populated by Saxons, Frisians and Franks, who in the 5th century formed their own state, which was subsequently incorporated into the Empire of Charlemagne. After his death the Empire fragmented into separate principalities. The period of active economic development of the territory began in the 12-13 centuries. In this period of time, begins active development of agriculture and urban Commerce. In the middle ages, the Dutch traders start to conduct extensive trade with the world.

After the announcement in 1581 its independence, the Netherlands went into an eight-year war with Spain. Even after graduation for a long time they remained in the zone of influence of the Austrian Habsburg Empire.

In the 17th century in the country for the first time brought tulips. This was the beginning of the transformation of the Netherlands in the flower Empire. The final formation of the Kingdom of the Netherlands occurred at the end of the 18th century. In the First world war the state has managed to maintain its neutrality in the Second world war, the country was under German occupation. Currently, the Netherlands are among the EU members and the United Nations. They are one of the founding countries of NATO.

Policy

In the Netherlands, as in England, saved the monarchy. The king is the official head of state but without his participation is not formed the government.

The basic law of the Netherlands is the Constitution. The country has a multiparty system and a parliamentary form of government. The election of parliamentarians occurs through direct elections.

The citizens of a country known for its love of freedom, so values such as "human rights" and "freedom of religion" in the internal politics of the state is of special importance. Suffrage arises from the citizens of the country in 18 years. After 5 years of living in it in the elections of local authorities can participate foreign nationals.

Foreign policy of the state aimed at the development and the increasing importance of international law. On site in the Hague are the international Court of justice and the Peace Palace. The Netherlands was one of the 6 countries of the initiators of the EU.

The population

chislennost naseleniya

The state is home to about 17 million people. Among them men account for the minority of 49.6%. The average birth rate in the country — 490 children per day. The bulk of the population consists of people aged 15 to 65 years. Average life expectancy for women is 82.4 years for men 77 years.

Almost 11% of citizens of Netherlands are migrants. Many of them came to live in the country from other continents. Mostly immigrants from Turkey, Indonesia, Morocco and Suriname. Most of the population is Dutch. Especially the Northern, Eastern and Central parts of the country. The South of the Netherlands traditionally inhabited by the Flemings, and forming 13% of the overall population of the country.

Language

Public Affairs in the Netherlands is conducted in the Dutch language. In Friesland used the natural surroundings of the language. It has official regional status. Almost all residents speak English.

Dutch TV broadcasts English-speaking films and TV programmes without translation.

Detailed map of Netherlands with cities

Looking at the map of the country can be amazed at the number of rivers and canals with which the Netherlands. Many of them are boundaries of provinces.

The province

According to the Constitution, the country is divided into 12 territorial units, called provinces. They are all very different from each other. All conditionally they can be divided into 4 large regions — West, North, South and East.

In the Western part of the country is the largest share of all nyderlandai industry. It is also a home and a large part of the population, who had settled in the 4 largest Dutch cities — Amsterdam, Rotterdam, the Hague and Utrecht. Together with the surroundings this area is known as the Randstad. It is a world famous port of Rotterdam and airport Schiphol.

The most popular tourist area of the country — North Holland. This area has a well developed tourist infrastructure and a huge number of attractions.

South Holland is famous for its beaches that are considered the best in Western Europe.

vnutrennee administrativnoe delenie

Each of the 12 provinces of the country consists of communities, that unites the inhabitants of villages and towns. These include:

  1. Gelderland. The second occupied inThe Netherlands area province, which is located in the East of the country. The capital of the province is the city of Arnhem located on the banks of the Rhine. The first mention of it belong to the year 893;
  2. Arnhem is the only city in the country, the streets of which you can meet the trolley.

  3. Groningen. Ninth largest province of the country located in the North-Eastern part. The capital of the province Groningen. The first mention of it dates back to 1040;
  4. Drenthe. The province is Assen. The city is widely known for its high-speed route, which is used for the races of the Grand Prix of the Netherlands;
  5. Zealand. A significant part of the province with the capital Middelburg is located on the Islands located at the mouth of the Scheldt;
  6. Limburg. The province is Maastricht. The province is the highest point of the country — Walserberg. Its height is only 322 meters;
  7. Of Overijssel. The provincial capital of Zwolle. Consists of 26 municipalities and is ranked 4th in the country according to land area;
  8. North Brabant. The second land territory of the province of the Netherlands. Located on the former site of Toxandria;
  9. North Holland. The province, which is the capital of Netherlands — Amsterdam. The main town of North Holland — Haarlem. Is a province on the Peninsula-shaped head and located between the North sea and the IJsselmeer;
  10. Utrecht. The province is called his capital. Part of the province includes 33 municipalities;
  11. Flevoland. The role of the capital performs Lelystad. Community province occupies the largest part of the territory of the country;
  12. Friesland. The provincial capital of Leeuwarden. The city is Weighing chamber of the country;
  13. South Holland. The province is located in the West of the country. It is surrounded by the North sea and the Meuse river. It is the country's main port Rotterdam. The provincial capital is the Hague.

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Capital

The builders of the capital of the Netherlands, Amsterdam, found for the erection of the city area which is below sea level to 4 meters. The residents of Amsterdam for this reason very often joke, saying that the builders were stupid or very brave people. The first mention of the city dates back to 1275. The role of the state capital in the heart of Amsterdam was laid in 1814. This is the sixth in the greatness of the capital of Europe.

Very often the city is called Northern Venice. In protected by a dam from flooding the city's more than 150 canals and 1,200 bridges. The city became the first in the world are allowed the registration of same-sex marriages.

In cafes and bars of the capital banned Smoking tobacco. This prohibition does not apply to marijuana.

The most popular way to move citizens around Amsterdam is the Bicycle. The population of the city leaves about 800 thousand inhabitants, and with the area — 2.3 million people.

The largest city in the country

The largest city of the Netherlands — Amsterdam. Behind him, in terms of population are the cities of:

  • Rotterdam. The city's population is slightly more than 620 thousand inhabitants. Is the center of engineering in the country;
  • The Hague. Population — 514,8 thousand people. The city is home to the country's Parliament. The founder of the city was a Dutch count Floris IV. There was a Foundation in 1230;
  • Utrecht. The largest railway junction of the country with a population of 334,2 thousand people.

One of the most beautiful cities of the Netherlands are referred Zierikzee, Doesburg and Thorne. They all have a rich history and has preserved its architectural appearance, which has evolved over tens of centuries.

Watch the video on the location of the Netherlands on the world map and Europe: