What to see in Greece: Santorini island sights independently
The Santorini or the Thira island (Fira) is considered one of the most beautiful Islands in the world. His name is associated with many legends and mysteries, including mentioning the lost city of Atlantis and Pompeii.
You will be able to have a great time in Santorini. The sights of the island truly amaze you, because they have no equal in the world.
Santorini map in Russian
Santorini island is called the pearl of Greece and one of the most colorful Islands in the Mediterranean.
Where is Tira?
O. Thira is located in the Aegean sea, on the southern edge of the Cyclades range. Since Santorini is of volcanic origin, known as the "Pompeii of the Aegean".
By itself, the island part of the archipelago of Santorini, which in turn consists of 5 Islands: Thira (also called Santorini, in the name of the archipelago), Thirassia, Palea Kameni, NEA Kameni, Thirasia, aspronisi. Thira is the largest island of the archipelago and the only one populated.
The Spa town of Fira, built on the island, is considered the capital of Santorini.
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How to get there?
The route to the island can be built in two ways: through the air (i.e. airplane) and by water (i.e. ferry). Here you need to consider your personal preferences. The plane trip, of course, will be faster, but the ferry is much more interesting.
- The plane. If you decide to choose a faster way of travel, then you have a choice: Charter flights (i.e. direct) and regular flights (with a stopover in Athens) from Moscow.
- Ferry. To Santorini ferries run every day from 24.03 to 10.10, inclusive, with Rhodes, Crete and Athens. There are options: conventional ferry, fast ferry, high speed catamaran, and court-rockets.
What to see in cities?
Santorini consists of several major settlements: the town of Fira, Firostefani, Imerovigli settlement, the village of Oia, the village of Pyrgos, Megalochori village, the tourist centre of Kamari, the settlement of Perissa, Perivolos village. Of course, each of these places contains the ancient culture and many interesting attractions.
Find out herewhen the Islands of Greece begins the holiday season, and whether or not to visit the country at a difficult time.
The ancient city of Akrotiri. In 1860 during excavations near the modern settlement of Akrotiri was revealed to the ancient settlement on the Aegean coast. Unfortunately, the real name of this village historians failed to find out.
The artifacts that were discovered in the excavations, give a right to claim that people were satisfied with their settlements already in the fourth Millennium BC, Akrotiri also tied to the Minoan civilizationas a fact the use of Linear letter A (ancient form of Cretan writing system), and also due to the fairly close similarity of the artifacts and style of the frescoes.
The settlement quickly grew and 21-18 centuries BC there was erected one of the largest urban centers and ports of the Aegean sea.
There is speculation that at the end of the 17th century, the inhabitants began to leave the settlement because of the frequent earthquakes. Around 1500 BC there was a strong eruption of the volcano and the town was buried under a layer of ash. However, this fact allowed the city well preserved up to our time.
The Pharos Lighthouse. Perhaps one of the most famous landmarks of the island is the lighthouse of Pharos. It was built in 1892, when the island dominated by the Turkish authorities.
Initially, the lighthouse worked on kerosene. The light from the lighthouse was visible at a great distance (approximately 24 nautical miles). But in the early eighties of the XX century it was decided to substitute kerosene for electricity, and in 1989 and all was solvedtranslate Pharos to fully automate.
If you look at the lighthouse now, you can notice that it gives signals white light every 10 minutes. The glow visible from a distance of 25 nautical miles.
Of course, the elevation, on which is erected a lighthouse, beckons romantics, because it offers quite extraordinary views. These tend to come to watch the sunset.
The ruins of the Venetian castle in Oia. The famous Venetian fortress (or rather say its ruins) is located in the beautiful white city of Oia (or it is called OYA in the local style). Town itself is rich in history, so I advise you not to be limited to only strength, but also to stroll along the streets of the city.
At the time, the fortress served to protect the city walls from the frequent raids of sea pirates. Here was conducted the observation of coastal line of the city, and in case of danger because of the fortress there were warnings.
For this reason, the fortress is located literally on the edge of a cliff. Here there is a viewing platform and historical monument, reminiscent of the old days. There is a splendid view of the sea, and romance tend to come here to watch the sunset.
PostScript "the Venetian" the fortress received at the beginning of the 15th century. The Venetians fought for supremacy on the island already in the 13th century and finally in the 15th century, has received full power over the island. Around the same time and began construction of the fortress.
Read more in our article, what in Greece is airports, where the airport of Santorini.
Historical and cultural background on the island is so huge that many local people in his life are unable to overcome all of its cultural wealth.
Newly arrived tourists can be advised to just wander around if not in all villages, the majority of them: walk through the narrow streets, pofotografirovat, explore the island on your own. Believe me, you will find many that are not described in any tourist brochure.
The island of Thera known not only for its domestic architecture, but also many religious temples and churches.
Convent of St. Nicholas. In our days it is located between two small villages of the island: Firostefani and Imerovigli. But this place is not the historical homeland of the temple.
The monastery was built approximately in the XVII century, when the main center of the island was the settlement of Kastro. This village was located on the Cape of the Caldera was actually neprestano. Lived in the capital are mostly Catholics, but there were one Orthodox family Gysi, which had its own small chapel, named in honor of Saint. Nicholas.
To visit the island of Santorini will require a visa. Read herewhere you can get it.
In the second half of the XVII century the chapel was converted into a monastery. In the XIX century the capital of the island is Pyrgos. The village was empty and the decision was made to transfer the temple to another safe and convenient location.
In 1815, the Patriarch Cyril VI gave permission for the construction of a new monastery. However, the process of construction was difficult due to financial litigation. By hook or by crook, the monastery was rebuilt on the site of the Church of zoodochos Pigi, and now accepts all the suffering, coming here for help and prayer. The monastery houses the main relic – the ancient Byzantine icon of St. Nicholas.
The Catholic Cathedral. This Cathedral was built in 1823. The building was built in Baroque style in the Catholic quarter of the island. Lit the Cathedral of St. John the Baptist.
Unfortunately, the Cathedral was no exception and, like many buildings on the island suffered from an earthquake 56 years of the twentieth century. The building was restored and renovated, that did not hurt its uniqueness and beauty. The walls of peach color and the clock tower from afar attract tourists.
The temple is associated with many storiesabout how difficult it was to live on one island, people of Orthodox and Catholic faith.
The Church Of Saint Theodore. If to continue the theme of rivalry between Catholics and Orthodox, of course, in the description of this Church. In the 17th century from Russia was delivered to the icon of the virgin Mary. But in 1740, a Church was built, consecrated to the Holy virgin. In this Church, in fact, placed the Russian icon.
However, Orthodox believers rebelled, because they believed that if the icon was written by an Orthodox iconographer, and it belongs to them, not Catholics. There were two cases of theft of the icon. Both times, however, the work of art restored by order of the Patriarch of Constantinople.
But the Orthodox did not despair, and was made the third attempt of theft of the icon. Return it to Russianagreed only when the captain of the French warship promised that they will open fire in case of failure to return the monuments of painting on location.
In our days the Catholics and Orthodox still pray to the icon in the Church. Theodore, and the tourists gladly come to see this amazing place with such interesting history.
- Orthodox Cathedral of Santorini. This Cathedral is famous for its magnificent architecture. He is considered a true masterpiece of Greek architecture. White arches frame the building of the temple, and bell tower combines several architectural styles and religious cultures.
- The Monastery Of The Prophet Elias. The monastery is one of the oldest buildings of the island. A Church was built in the XVIII century at an altitude of 567 meters above the sea level. A visit here offers spectacular views of the island and the sea. Sometimes you can even see the island of Crete.
The guides will gladly tell you a couple of sometimes even a detective legends.
Built the Cathedral in the first half of the nineteenth century and is a kind of symbol of the island.
Perhaps the most famous and remarkable Museum of modern shooting galleries is the Museum of prehistoric Santorini. It is right in the centre of the island - the capital. This is one of the most important and historically significant sites in all of Greece.
There are many ancient objects found in excavations all over Greece. Here are collected the weapons, and utensils, frescoes and everyday objects of ancient settlers, and much more. We can say that the Museum is an Ancient Greece in miniature.
Wine Museum - the name speaks for itself. Established place in the nineteenth century. The Museum itself is located in some sort of cave that resembles a maze. This is because wine is a special product, and therefore requires special conditions for storage and aging.
In the Museum you get acquainted with the history of the winery, and the lecture will be theatrical. To this effect there are mechanical figures that show a history so to speak "in person". Of course, there will not be without tasting and sale of the coveted bottles of wine.
Read in this articlewhat other interesting places can be visited in the homeland of Zeus.
Miraculous sights independently
For many tourists not so interested in the ancient culture or historical sites of the island. They are more interested in beach tours and natural attractions of Santorini.
As we have seen, the Santorini is an unusual island in every sense. Its singularity is no exception, and the richness and exoticism of the beaches. Because Santorini is best known for his "colorful beach".
Beaches with black volcanic sand:
- Perissa is one of the longest beaches on the island. He already stretches for almost 4 kilometers along the South coast. The beach itself is located at the foot of the mountain, so there's no wind.
- Perivolos - stretches along the West side of Perissa beach for 2 kilometers. It has little differences from Perissa, is that the atmosphere here is more relaxed and quiet.
- Kamari is one of the most popular beaches of Thira. In particular, it is known among those who rest with children. Here they will find plenty of entertainment, from rides to games with animators.
The water here is crystal clear, but you need to be careful as the bottom is in some places quite uneven and rocky.
Akrotiri - this beach is located near the city of Akrotiri, which has received the name. The whole beach is covered with bright red sand and flanked on all sides by cliffs of the same color. But, unfortunately, this unusual color is the only advantage of this place. Bathing is problematic due to high waves, the beach is small and quite rocky.
White beach - this beach on the island is the most remote of all. It can be reached only by boat - on the boat, which departs from the port of Akrotiri.
This is the most quiet and "wild" place on the island. White cliffs frame the beach, strewn with white sand. Swimming, however, here, too, is problematic - the bottom of the beach is very rocky. But a wonderful view definitely worth it to visit the White beach.
Natural excursion objects
The Volcano Of Santorini. This is perhaps the most famous landmark of the island. It is to him we owe the formation of the archipelago and virtually all of those sites on which it was conducted.
3.5 thousand years ago there was a powerful eruption of the Santorini volcano, which to this day is considered the largest eruption in history. The result of this eruption was the formation of the Caldera (crater of the volcano collapsed into the ground). The Caldera filled with sea water. As a result of this disaster killed over the Aegean civilization, and many villages on the coast href="http://tour.liketourist.com/strana/sredizemnoe-more-na-karte-mira/">the Mediterranean sea.
- The Island Of Aspronisi. If you decide to explore all the natural sights you should see and 4 small island of the archipelago. The smallest is the island of Aspronisi. Here is a little interesting for the sophisticated traveler.
- Therasia Island. All four of the Islands this live. Here you can eat, swim in the sea as part of the tour. On the top of the cliffs is the only village on the island, there is rarely someone gets, but the shore has a couple of cozy seafood restaurants that are sure to make you smile.
- The Island Of NEA Kameni. Another island of the archipelago, which was formed after the eruption of the volcano. It's all dotted with craters and rocks. The sand on this island is black, and the island uninhabited.
- The island of Palea Kameni almost a few times less NEA Kameni in size, but in fact it is the same barren stony island. In the East, on the shore, is the Church of St. Nicholas. Next to the Church thermal springs, so you can experience them during their trips.
You need to consider that the volcano is still active, so the island is fogged by smoke, occasionally escaping from under the ground.
In this video you will get acquainted with several attractions on the island of Santorini: