Corfu on the map of the world and Greece: where the city and airport Islands?
In the famous work of Homer's "Odyssey" is a description of the island Scheria, inhabited by the people of the Phaeacians. Currently, this land bears the name of Corfu. To find the Corfu island on the world map to near the Greek coast. His second name is Kerkyra.
- The island of Corfu on the map of the world, Europe and Greece in the Russian language
- Where, in what country is, and how the sea washed?
- How to get there?
- How long is the flight?
- How to get to the island from Athens and Thessaloniki?
- Information about Corfu island
- General information
- What to see?
The island of Corfu on the map of the world, Europe and Greece in the Russian language
Corfu is the second largest island in Greece after Crete. Local legend says that near it are the remains of a sunken ancient ship of Odysseus.
Going from the Odyssey to Ithaca mythological character angered Poseidon and he turned his ship to stone.
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Where, in what country is, and how the sea washed?
The island is part of Greece. The area is 593 km2. The southern part of the coast of the island is located parallel to the Greek of the Prefecture of thesprotia. - Covered mountains of the North shore is opposite Saranda (Albania). Its shape on the map it resembles a hammer.
The island is washed by the Ionian sea. Corfu is famous for its gorgeous sandy and pebbly beaches.
In this article you can see the weather conditions in Corfu during the year and select the suitable period for visiting the island.
The total length of the coastline is 217 km. the Entire island is covered with olive groves and citrus orchards. On the coast of Corfu you can find a large number of scenic bays and caves. Many of them have rocky steep banks. The most famous of them:
Island lagoon filled with waterfowl, and in the rivers there are many different kinds of fish.
According to scientists, the island has volcanic origins. Its age is defined as 24-28 million. The highest point of the island is mount Pantokrator. Its height is 906 meters above sea level. Source of fresh water on the island are the river. The biggest of them — Millicode and Pargori.
Source of rivers of water are rain, and during the heat they dry up.
The fame of the island brought Homer. After writing his "Odyssey", the island began to be populated by people from Corinth. They created a territorial entity quickly grew, matured and began to fight with Sparta. Long bays of the island was used by the Romans for the deployment of its fleet.
In 395, the island fell under the control of the Eastern Roman, and then Byzantine. The middle ages in his history consist of a series of attacks on the island by Normans and Genoese corsairs. For nearly 400 years the island belonged to Venice, after which it passed to the Turks. The French began to own Corfu at Campo Formia world.
At the end of the XVIII century the island was under the triple control of Britain, Turkey and Russia. Part of Greece he came in 1864. Several times in the twentieth century, Corfu fell under the influence of Italy.
How to get there?
To get to the most Northern island of the Ionian ridge can be on the water and in the air. Between Corfu and the mainland ferries. The island has its own airport.
Read in this articlewhether you need Russian visa to Greece, and therefore in Corfu.
How long is the flight?
Direct flights from Russia to fly to the island in high season only. All of them are charters. Regular flights from around the country held a stopover in Athens. International airport on the island located 2 km from the centre of Corfu. It is named after Ioannis Kapodistrias. The airport receives regular and Charter flights.
Flight time from Moscow to Corfu - 3.5-4.5 hours. The departure is from href="http://tour.liketourist.com/sovet/kak-doehat-do-sheremetevo/">Sheremetyevo twice a week — on Wednesdays and Saturdays. Much easier to reach by plane from Russia to Athens or Thessaloniki. Direct flights to these cities are made up of 19 points of the Russian Federation, including Moscow, Saint Petersburg, Rostov-on-don, Novosibirsk and others.
To buy a plane ticket to Greece, you can use this search form. Enter the names of the cities of departure and arrival, the date and the number of passengers.
How to get to the island from Athens and Thessaloniki?
To Corfu from Athens and Thessaloniki you can get bus to the ferry, and then continue the trip on the ferry.
The distance from Thessaloniki to Corfu is 321 km. Daily with W/d station in Corfu's bus at 9:15 and 21:30. They can reach the port of Igoumenitsa, and then on the ferry. Travel time from Thessaloniki to Igoumenitsa is 6 hours.
50 minutes to fly to Corfu from Thessaloniki by plane local airlines.
To get by plane to Corfu is possible and from Athens. Buses from the capital of Greece to Igoumenitsa recover several times a day. Journey time is 8 hours. To travel and train, it is necessary to get from Athens train to Patras, thence to Corfu ferry also.
Information about Corfu island
Corfu island is the northernmost in the Ionian sea. It is located at the entrance to the Adriatic sea.
The island has well-developed infrastructure. Its dimensions are:
- width — 32 km;
- length of 65 km.
The population of the island is more than 110 thousand people. The main language on the island is modern Greek. The resort is dominated by the English language.
The island is well developed network of roads. In the South passes the main road GR-25 in the North — GR-24. International ferries "Igoumenitsa-Bari" and "Pair-Bari" connect Corfu with Italy.
To reach the mainland with the island on speedboats on air wings.
From any resort in Corfu you can get to the capital of the island Corfu. Engaged in transportation on the island buses have blue and green color. Blue buses operate on short suburban and urban routes. The frequency is 15-20 minutes. Distant from Kerkyra places on the island trip you need to make the "green" buses.
The tourism industry began to develop on the island over 130 years ago. This place is ideal for a family holiday. Hotels of different classes located around the coast of the island. Over the infrastructure of the North East coast and a serious job at the time of its impact on the land by the British. Thanks to them, there was built a large number of expensive villas.
The most popular places on the island:
- Kanoni. A small village on the coast. A narrow strip of land connects it with the monastery of Vlacherna.
- Paleokastritsa. A favorite place of rest of drivers. The resort is famous for its sandy beaches.
- Sidari. The place is noisy youth parties and outdoor activities.
In the North-East of the island is home to an old Venetian shipyard. They are among the local attractions. In the same area is the national art Gallery.
The main direction of holiday in Corfu — beach holidays. Among the best beaches of the island:
- Nissaki. Sandy beach is located in a cozy Bay. It is ideal for family holidays and is very popular among diving enthusiasts.
- Sidari. Is a long coastline consisting of many bays. It is a favorite place of leisure of youth.
- Peroulades. The beach is a narrow sandy strip, surrounded by steep cliffs.
- Agios Gordios. A splendid sandy beach surrounded by olive groves.
- Kondokali. The most crowded beach of the island. This place is popular with tourists and locals.
On the island there are more than 10 schools and dive centres. Training in them is of interest to tourists. Some tourists come to the island just for the sake of this study. The water world of the Ionian sea attracts lovers of the sea depths for its beauty.
What to see?
Of particular interest for tourists are island landmarks. Among the most popular:
Corfu. A city founded by the Greeks in the VIII century, is the main historical attraction of the island. On the streets you can find buildings of different historical eras.
Read our article, what a great placepreserved since ancient times, be sure to visit in Greece.
Owning at various times the island Empire has postponed its mark in the architecture of Corfu. Among these buildings are included in the list of UNESCO protected sites of the city centre, built during the protectorate over the island of Russia;
- Paleo Frourio. The old Venetian Fort. Was built on the foundations of a Byzantine fortress in the XV-XVI centuries;
- The Liston. Built in the style of the French "promenade";
- The Achilleion Palace. The building was erected on the orders of Bavarian Empress Amalia;
- Mouse island. According to legend, he represents Poseidon turned into stone the ship of the Odyssey;
- The Cathedral Of St. Spyridon. Built on donations of the Russian Empress Catherine II.
To stop during your stay on the island in the hotels of different classes. Corfu has a huge number of hotels and guest houses.
In every city you can enjoy a variety of excursions, including a visit to the mainland and the Greek capital of Athens.
We recommend to watch an interesting video about the island of Corfu: