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Iceland on the world map and Europe in Russian: where is the capital?

Islandiya na karte mira

The territory of the state, with a population of just over 300 thousand people, was populated most recent in Europe. It is a country of long-livers and volcanoes. It is recognized as one of the most environmentally friendly countries in the world.


Iceland on the world map and Europe in Russian

strana na mirovom atlase na russkom yazyke

Very often you can hear Iceland is called the land of ice. Its name translation on Russian language. This it was state Viking who bore the name of Floki.

Where?

On the map among hemispheres Iceland must be sought in the North. It is located on the European continent between Greenland and Norway. The state is on the eponymous island located in the West Northern Europe. Part of the country and the surrounding small Islands.

The total area of the state, only 103 thousand km, the Most Northern point is located beyond the Arctic circle.


Coast of Iceland washed by the ocean, called the Atlantic. From the North to the island comes the Greenland sea, in the East — Norwegian. From Greenland the country separates the Danish Bay.

Who is on the border?

Iceland has no land borders. Maritime boundaries are yet to be clearly resolved. Territorial disputes going on between Iceland, the UK, Denmark and Ireland on the shelf of Recall.

Climate

Part of the country is under thick ice cover, and she belongs to the subarctic climate zone. Despite this, the climate here is very similar to the weather in new York. The reason is that the country is located on the volcanic plateau, and along its banks runs the warm North Atlantic current. It warms the air of the doldrums.

Not the lucky country with the winds. Video here very strong and blows constantly. The average temperature of the warmest month July is +11°C. In January, the thermometer shows an average temperature of -10°C. Much lower temperatures on the peaks North-East of the country.

Icelandic weather is very capricious. During the day she may change radically several times. In complete darkness the Icelanders live from mid - November to late January, at this time the shortest day. Rainfall for the year, depending on the part of the country from 500 to 4000 mm. most of them on the North of the country.

How to get out of Russia?

The most common way to travel to Iceland flights. But not so simple as it may seem. Direct flights to Reykjavik only fly out of St. Petersburg. Not many, and they are made in the summer. It is most convenient to fly with airline Aeroflot, and SAS. 2 hours 50 minutes, they fly from Moscow to Copenhagen. From there, the Icelandic airline Icelandair takes passengers to Reykjavik.

Before reaching Norway, Denmark and Scotland, you can get to Iceland by ferry. It sends to these countries every week, the company Smyril Line from Icelandic Seydisfjordur.

Pick up the plane ticket, using this search form. Enter the city of departure and destination, date and number of passengers.

Detailed map with cities

podrobnaya shema gorodov

Until 1874 Iceland was divided according to parts of the world in 4 districts — North, South, West and East.

Administrative division

Modernthe division of the country broke it Sisley County communities, which constitute a self-governing territorial unit.

The basic law that defined the division of the country into administrative districts is the Constitution of Iceland.

According to the basic law of the country, Iceland is divided into 23 sisla and 24 geographically independent city. This territorial division of the state ends. There are 6 electoral districts, 8 regions and 76 communities.

Capital

The capital of the state was selected Reykjavik. It is the northernmost major city in the country in Europe. It is located just 2 degrees South of the Arctic circle. The population of the capital is barely more than 120 thousand inhabitants, but it is the largest city in the state.

Summer in Reykjavik, the sun never sinks below the horizon, and in winter the shortest day lasts 4 hours. In Russian the name of the capital of Iceland sounds like "smoky Bay". It fully corresponds to the number of fogs that constantly envelop the city, they're almost settled. The reason for their appearance lies in the warm geysers that surround Reykjavik.

The city is the main economic and financial center of the country, but it is not important that can attract the attention of a layman. In the area of the city you can see sometimes whales and white-beaked dolphins. The city Ellida river is full of salmon.

Reykjavik is built on a tectonic fault, so the earthquake is no surprise. The weather is mild, the snow falls it is extremely rare. The most common in the city of precipitation — rain.

In the vicinity of the capital of Iceland is the world's largest colony of birds - Atlantic puffins.

To observe the city from a bird's eye view on the observation deck of the largest Church of the country- Reykjavik.

Almost 8% of the population of Reykjavik — migrantswho arrived in the country from 130 countries in the world. Most of the poles, Danes and Filipinos.

The most famous building of the city — the house Is. Wide fame came to the house after the meeting between Ronald Reagan and Mikhail Gorbachev.

Major centers

krupnyj centr Akurejri

The biggest city of Iceland, by the standards of most European countries, more like a small urban settlement.

The second largest after the city of Reykjavik — Kopavogur. Its population consists of 32.3 thousand people. Followed by FH with a population of 27.4 thousand people.

A few more cities with a population of just over 10 thousand people:

  • Akureyri - 17 827;
  • Keflavik - 14 438 people;
  • Gardabaer - 11 668 people.

Information about the country

Iceland is a Lutheran country. Almost 96% of its citizens Lutherans and only 3% of the population is Catholic. Ethnic composition — Icelanders. They account for 99% of the population.

Form of government

Set in the country form of government — a parliamentary Republic. Directs The President Of Iceland. He was elected as the Parliament by direct vote of the people 1 every 4 years. The government in the country is subordinate to the President. The Parliament has been writing and adoption of laws in the country. It can impeach the Government.

Visa

To visit the country must apply for a visa. Its appearance depends on the purpose of the trip. To get to Iceland can and multiple entry Finnish visa. For tourist visa you will need to provide the Consulate of the country passport, a questionnaire, a copy of the previously obtained visas, booking your hotel, salary certificate, which shall not be less than 500 euros.

Be sure to have a life insurance policy, which applies to the territory of the member States of the Schengen zone.

The term of the life insurance policy must end not earlier than 15 days after return to the country of departure. The amount of coverage of insurance risks shall be not less than 30 thousand euros. Together all these documents are provided two photos and a return ticket.

Language

The main language is Icelandic. It is the state language. His Norse roots. The remoteness of the country from the mainland allowed the Icelanders to preserve the purity of the language.

Currency

Iceland relates to a small number of European countries have retained their national currency — the crown. On the coins of the period from 1925 to 1944 minted by Royal symbols. Banknotes are printed in 1885. Rate: CZK 1000 = 8.88 USD.

Traditions and national characteristics

A feature of the Icelanders is their belief in trolls and elves. Even the construction of roads in the country in accordance with the recommendations of the experts on folklore. The most favorite holiday in the country — New year. Turns to the house of Icelanders comes 13 Santa clauses.

In late January, Icelanders begin to celebrate the pagan feast of þorrablót. It lasts until the end of February. Largepopular in Iceland, folklore festivals. In the country, they honor the traditions of the Celts.

Else no names, and there are only names and patronymics. Icelanders believe that the existence of a name contrary to their national spirit.

Kitchen

bludo nacionalnoj kuhni

Some Icelandic food can cause a European shock. The proximity to the ocean has had a major impact on the national menus of the population. It is possible to find a large number of dishes prepared from the meat of seals, whales and sharks. Of the last kind of meat is the main national fish dish - "hakarl". The cooking process starts with butchering the carcass of the shark at the fillet and burying it in the sand for 6 months. The dish is made solely from rotten meat.

Very popular among Icelanders lamb. It is prepared from cooked lamb testicles, sheep's thigh, marinated in lactic acid. The main national dishes of Iceland, made with lamb - "correlator" and "testimonies".

The popularity of mutton little inferior horse meat, moose meat, and white partridges.


Original way of preparing the country rye bread. Blank of dough is laid out on a baking sheet that is put on the soil, warmed volcanic heat.

The national drink of Iceland, Brennivin. The main ingredients of the beverage are potatoes and seeds of cumin. The drink is often called the "black death" or "burnt wine".

What to see?

Budget revenues Iceland almost 6% are filled by the tourism industry. Annually in the country remains almost 500 thousand people. Most of them are citizens of USA, UK and Germany.

The main stream of tourists coming into the country, sent to Reykjavik. The main attraction of the country — its unique, like a fairy-tale nature. In the country 27 dormant volcanoes, a large number of geysers, waterfalls, glaciers and fjords.

  • In the Western part of the country's main attractions are ancient craters of the volcano Deildartunguhver and Snaefellsjokull national Park.
  • In the Bay of Breidafjordur tourists come to see the biggest in Europe nesting birds. Almost a third of the coastline in these areas are the fjords.
  • In the National nature reserve of Hornstrandir the highest cliff and waterfalls that attracts tourists with its beauty.
  • The North of Iceland attracts fans of skiing. In this part of the country is national Park Asbyrgi and lake Myvatn.
  • Of particular interest to the fishing villages. Herring boom made these settlements are quite rich.
  • On the East is the Vatnajökull glacier, at its foot — national Park Skaftafell.
  • In the South there is a large number of museums. The most famous of them — the Maritime Museum and the Center of the Ghosts.
  • Most tourists gathers Thingvellir national Park. It is included in the list of monuments of historical heritage, prepared by UNESCO.

This video is a detailed location of Iceland on the world map: