What to see in Pisa - photos and description of attractions
Pisa and the sights of this city – one of the most outstanding in the country. In this part of Italy come to meet the legendary medieval architecture, visit museums and see the Ligurian sea.
Pisa on the map in Russian language
Being one of the most popular and recognizable tourist destinations of Italy, Pisa has become available to tourists, thanks to the abundance of tour routes in this part of the country.
Together to this city the travelers decided to visit Florence, Genoa and Milan.
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Where and how to get there?
The convenient location of Pisa has made the city one of the most important settlements in the middle Ages. He held a large territory in Central Italy that stretches to the shores of the Ligurian sea. In the port were ships from all over Europe.
Nowadays, Pisa has lost its former greatness, and its boundaries shifted by 10 km from the coast into Italy. The city belonged to the region of Tuscany, which actually is today.
If the trip to Italy enough time to visit Amalfitana Riviera. Read about this coast here.
From a tourist point of view, the city is conveniently located close to most major Italian cities and most popular destinations for travel. Usually tourists go to Pisa for day trips, going by train or car from Milan and Rome and also Florence and Genoa.
But also to Pisa can be reached directly from Russia. Near the town is the international airport, named after the physicist Galileo Galilei. From the terminal the trains go almost to the center of the city. In addition, from here buses and taxis.
One of the most convenient and fastest way to be in Pisa is to go by plane to Milan, Rome, Genoa, Florence and Rimini. International flights depart regularly from major Russian cities, and the travel time is about 2.5-4 hours. Of these cities to Pisa can be reached by regional trains.
Plane tickets to the above cities can be purchased by using this handy search form. Specify the city of departure and arrival, date of departure and the number of passengers.
To get to Pisa is as follows:
- from Florence – from the station every half hour trains (journey time – approximately 1 hour);
- from Genova – between these cities runs high-speed trains departing every hour (journey time about two hours);
- from Rome – direct regional train leaves every half hour and is followed by 3-4 hours;
- from Milan – trains run very rarely, so tourists choose destinations with a stopover in Florence;
- from Rimini – direct communication between these cities is, therefore, one of the most convenient ways to get to Pisa to change in Florence or Bologna.
The main part of the train remains at the Central station of Pisa Centrale, as well as to the station Pisa S. Rossore.
From these arrival points to the town centre can be reached on foot in 10-15 minutes.
Exactly the same way you can pass by bus. This method is considered to be the most profitable, because most of this traffic belongs to the low-cost airlines. From Milan a few times per day can depart companies Flixbus, Baltour and Autostradale. The journey time takes around 5 hours.
It is worth noting that this same path can be reached by car in just 3 hours. In any city you can rent a car and then take a short tour of the city. But the Pisa is better to move on foot or by bike.
The main tourist areas
ItselfPisa is a small cozy town with a large selection of interesting places located within walking distance from each other. The city is best explored without guides and itineraries, just exploring an ancient and incredibly beautiful architecture.
The variety of Souvenirs on the shelves of Italian shops and markets is fascinating. Read herewhat you can bring from Italy as a gift.
All the most famous and beautiful sights are in the center – in the area of "Piazza dei Miracoli". Here are the legendary hotels and their history. But if you want an itinerary for excursions, you should start directly from the station square, then head to the legendary leaning tower, and then stroll around the historical center – square of the Knights and the area of Borgo Stretto.
Attraction name with photo and description
Many of the sights of Pisa are familiar to tourists even in absentia, but walking through this town, you can discover many interesting places.
One of the most famous world landmarks – the leaning tower of Pisa – vintage building, which has become incredibly popular due to the fault of architects. This unusual structure attracts travellers with its angle of inclination.
Every year, the figure imperceptibly increases – initially, the roll was 5.5%. But in 1990 restoration works were done, during which the tower was strengthened and its tilt angle was 3°54` – about 10%.
One of the versions explaining how happened such an event – the mismatch of the proportions of the building.
The height of the tower 58.35 meters from the Foundation and 55 meters from the ground. Such small parameters of the Foundation and the reason for the tilt. Soft soil under the building could not withstand the weight of building 7 and the bells inside. The tower you can walk through the city.
By itself, the leaning tower of Pisa was built as bell towerbelonging to the Cathedral of our lady of the assumption. The building was built in the XII century, and the place for construction was chosen, the Square of Miracles, making the building one of the main decorations of the historic district.
In the end, it turned the seven-story structure, consisting of a base and a belfry. Inside the building are galleries connected by arches. Rooms are decorated with images of sea creatures.
About the past luxury and grandeur of Pisa reminiscent of the legendary palaces:
- Palazzo della Carovana – old building, which captivates with its exterior painted;
- Palazzo Dell'orologio, the – once two separate buildings connected by arches.
Here is the ranking of the most strange and unusual museums in the world. Went in there, and Italy with its pasta Museum and the Museum of souls, souls in Purgatory.
Promenade Pisa along the river Arno is also decorated with luxurious estates and houses. In ancient times, they belonged to rich merchants. Now historic buildings used as museums.
A very unusual attraction that deserves special attention of tourists – University – construction, the walls of which studied such famous people as Galileo Galilei physicist, Nobel prize laureates Enrico Fermi and Carlo Rubbia, the singer Andrea Bocelli. The University opened its doors in the XIV century and still operates.
Churches and cathedrals
In the vastness of Pisa is a many splendid cathedrals and charming old cathedrals. The main role given to the Cathedral of Pisa – the architectural complex erected in the period from the XI to the XIII centuries it was Originally built in the Romanesque style, but later in its interior began to slip notes of Byzantine, lombardic, and even Islamic style of construction.
The temple is the decoration of the "Square of Miracles" and he is the leaning tower located in the distance. The Cathedral also has its own Museum, which presents real masterpieces.
Are the Foundation of sculpture, formerly in the Cathedral, but was later replaced by copies.
Among other religious buildings worth noting:
- the Church of Santa Maria della spina;
- Church of St. Catherine;
- The Baptistery Of San Giovanni.
All the cathedrals were built in the XIII century, and their facades are rich in decor and very attractive with plenty of detail.
The history of Pisa is replete with vivid events and get to know them you can, if you visit the museums with a rich collection of ancient artifacts. First and foremost, it is worth noting a valuable repository of works by Italian artists – the national Museum. Here there are bright masterpieces of the beginning of the XII-XVII centuries. Also here there are the painted crosses, sculpture and otherthe objects of history.
Also of interest:
- The Museum of the ancient ships;
- Sinopie Museum with fragments of frescoes;
- The Museum of the Opera del Duomo with the objects of Pisa Cathedral;
- Museum Palazzo Blu.
As you know, Italy is part of the Mediterranean, but not only the European territory are part of it. Read our article, what other countries belong to this region.
In Pisa you can find a lot of private collections with the most interesting and unusual exhibits that characterize the city and its former greatness.
What else to see?
On inspection of the Pisa takes no more than 3-4 hours of walk. During this time, you can discover not only the many architectural objects, but also natural beauty, as well as the most unusual of sights.
Pisa was built on the Arno river , a natural jewel of the city. The river originates in the Apennines and flows into the Ligurian sea. Its length is 248 km, it flows through the picturesque hills, vineyards and cypress valley.
In Pisa along the promenade with beautiful houses. In one of the historic areas across the river a bridge – the Ponte di Mezzo. Since it offers great views of canal, waterfront and estates, and on it goes from the station to the leaning tower.
Among the natural attractions worth mentioning the Botanical garden – a magnificent Park, founded in 1595.
In this part of Italy conducted the study of plants, and the arboretum was collected about 550 species of flora.
Where to go 1 day?
In addition to the traditional route passing through the squares and promenade, Pisa, tourists should visit several other interesting places.
Not far from the leaning tower of Pisa are less than atmospheric sights and monuments. The Monumental camposanto is an indoor cemetery where are buried the most famous people of Pisa and Italy. In this part lies the legendary Fibonacci was a mathematician – a scientist who invented a mathematical sequence. Totally there are about 90 sarcophagi, remaining here since Antiquity and the middle Ages.
According to history, the cemetery emerged in the XII century on the place where the Archbishop of the city threw a handful of earth from Golgotha. The construction and design of buildings worked most talented architects of Italy, and the work continued for two centuries.
Very unusual and attractive turned white gallery, decorated in the Gothic style. Walking through it, you can find fishnet blind arches (total 43 units), frescoes and sculptures, as well as two deaf gate.
Walking through Pisa, you can feel the atmosphere of the middle Ages, if you go to the area with the historical buildings – Borgo Stretto. It is located in the heart of the city and its decoration are:
- narrow streets;
- charming houses;
- a small square.
In this part of town can get acquainted with the typical architecture of those times, to stop in an old café or buy Souvenirs.
Many tourists don't stop at meeting only with the city, so go on the coast of the Ligurian sea. Here you can relax on the beaches, swim in the sea or to have lunch with fresh seafood at one of the local cafes.
See in this video is a detailed overview of the main attractions of Pisa: