The Principality of Liechtenstein - where is the country on the world map and Europe?
Liechtenstein is one of the smallest principalities in the world and in Europe. Its territory is decorated with picturesque landscapes and attractions that attract tourists from all over the world.
Liechtenstein on the world map and Europe
A tiny country with its own capital and the cities-communes known to the world long enough, and people on its territory began to live in the Stone age.
Where is the Principality?
Liechtenstein can be found on the map in Central Europe. The country covers an area of only 160 square meters. Its length from North to South – about 28 miles, and from East to West about 10 kilometers.
The country is home to 37 000 residents, most of whom permanently located in the capital city of Vaduz.
To major cities include: Schaan, Schellenberg, Gamprin, eschen, Mauren, Planken, Triesen and Ruggell, as well as the main ski center of the country – Melburn. Some of them live only about 100 people.
Liechtenstein has borders with only two European States. It was established on the right Bank of the Rhine, next to Austria and Switzerland – two States, completely encircling the Principality.
Regardless of the season, the weather conditions in the country pleasant to live in its territory. Almost everywhere there reigns a continental climate, but mountain area, the weather conditions may be slightly different. If on the plains and in the valleys in summer temperature is 25-27°C, and in winter – -2-5°C, in mountain areas the air is cooler by 3-4 degrees.
The land of Liechtenstein protected by high mountains from cold winds, and its territory is dominated by the South wind. During the cold season here in 5 days blows warm dry wind "foehn", which rushes with such speed that can rip the roof of a house or uproot a tree. Precipitation in summer are rare, they fall mainly in autumn and winter. On the mountain slopes in late autumn appears and the snow lasts long enough.
How to get out of Russia?
Liechtenstein does not have its own airport, so many tourists are in the country through the Swiss city. The closest airport is in Zurich, but also has a small air port in Basel and Bern.
Daily aircraft landed in the neighboring country, being from large cities of Russia, including from the capital.
From Switzerland to the borders of Liechtenstein ply high-speed trains, next to the towns of Buchs and Sargans – journey time takes approximately 2 hours. From the border before any settlement can be reached by comfortable buses bringing in just 20-30 minutes.
To Liechtenstein can be reached from Germany, arriving in Berlin on the aircraft, the budget airline, Air Berlin, and then continue with the bus, car or train to Vaduz. The distance between the two cities is about 130 kilometers.
Tickets for the plane closest to the Liechtenstein airport you can buy through this search form. Enter the city of departure and arrival, the date and the number of passengers.
Information about the state
Liechtenstein as a Principality, was formed in 1719, when an edict of the Emperor Charles VI, the country was owned by the family of influential princes of Liechtenstein. Still the rulers are the descendants of this dynasty, and their family has had enough of the many important figures who served in the post of the Austrian kings.
The state system
In 1862, the Principality of Liechtenstein was declared a constitutional monarchyand the present Constitution was adopted in 1921. A littlelater, in March 2003, in an important state document several amendments were made, one of which expanded the powers of the Prince, the head of the country.
Legislative power in the state also belongs to the Duke and the Landtag is a unicameral Parliament consisting of 15 members, elected for four years. Executive body in the country is the government headed by the Prime Minister.
Population and language
About two thirds of the population of Liechtenstein – the indigenous inhabitants of the country – Liechtenstein, the rest are immigrants from neighboring Austria and Switzerland as well as Germany and Turkey.
The official language of Liechtenstein declared the German language, but the local dialect is far from familiar to the ear of the German language.
Local people call their dialect of the Alpine or right.
Liechtenstein is a Catholic Principality, the number of Catholics reaches the numbers 80% and also the country inhabited by Protestants – about 7%.
The local currency is the international name – CHF or Swiss franc. It is equal to 100 centimes. Money can be exchanged at almost any store, Bank or hotel, get your hands on the banknotes in denominations of 10, 20, 50, 100, 500 and 1000 francs. Also here, in the course of the coin 5, 10 and 20 centimes.
There are cities that much larger whole country - Liechtenstein. Read about the major cities here.
Liechtenstein is one of the most expensive countries in Europe, so shopping here is not popular, but the country decided to bring as Souvenirs: a bottle of wine produced at the local plant and head cheese.
Philatelists choose as a gift a rare postage stamp, and those tourists who want to buy something simple and memorable, get a bell, music box, or a small magnet in the form of Alpine cows.
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Tourism in the country
Tourists come to Liechtenstein to see the sights of nature or explore the architectural monuments of history.
The largest number of attractions of interest to tourists are concentrated in the capital of the Principality of Liechtenstein in Vaduz. The city has many ancient architectural monuments as well as museums and scenic views.
Significant memorable places you can get around pretty quickly – Vaduz is not the largest city in the country. So a follow on, when Shaan and his temples, Triesenberg, famous Museum of ethnic communes, and Feldkirch is a city where beautifully preserved buildings of the middle Ages.
What to see?
Among the main attractions of the Principality is worth noting Vaduz castle , an ancient building on the mountain, known for its rich history.
An architectural monument is still functioning as a residence of the ruling dynasty.
Inside the castle to get does not work, but it impresses even from afar. Climbing to the top of the mountain, where is located the building, you can discover splendid views of the Rhine valley and lake Constance.
In Vaduz in a small area full of interesting sights:
- The old town and its cozy streets;
- Gothic chapel;
- Vintage hotel Gasthof Leuven;
- City Hall;
- Red house;
- Government house.
In the city there are museums with interesting collections, including the Museum of stamps, the national Museum and national art gallery with a rich collection of the work of the XII century.
The final tourist destination in Vaduz – the winery is a unique place which produces some of the best drinks in Europe. Tourists have the opportunity to see the architectural body, and also taste a few wines.
The tiny Principality is dotted with little towns, each able to find something interesting for yourself, and most importantly their dignity – the beauty and authentic look. Thanks to him, the impression that you find yourself in the middle Ages.
In the nearby town of Schaan you can find the oldest Church in the Principality – , St. Peter's Cathedral – its construction dates back to V century In Balzers is worth visiting the Gutenberg castle, Schellenberg – Palace bidermann house of the XVI century and the ancient ruins of the fortress.
We should also mention natural beauty of this country, located in the Rhine valley. In this region you can meet the village, the vineyards, the lake with crystal clear water and rivers, traveling from the scenic Alps.
Read our article aboutthe most beautiful castles of Austria - Liechtenstein Hochosterwitz and Hohenwerfen.
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National peculiarities and traditions
- Here are quite strict about the restriction of Smoking in public places.
- Tips in many restaurants and hotels already include the cost of service.
- 14 February in the country 's national holiday – the birthday of the reigning Prince.
- The cuisine of Liechtenstein is largely similar to the traditional cuisine of neighbouring countries. In the menu you can find sausages, hot dogs, and familiar to Austrian and German dishes.
- Every year in Triesenberg from mid September to November is a culinary festivalduring which the café serves national dishes.
- In the Shan is the famous festival, which is accompanied by colourful celebration with music, entertainment and delicious dishes.
- The country has always been famous for ceramics and pottery production. In Eschen still has the opportunity to attend an authentic workshop dedicated to the craft.
European Principality, though has a small size, but to visit this country trying many travelers. She draws not only ski tourism but also an abundance of attractions and pleasant atmosphere.
See this video interesting facts about Liechtenstein: