Moldova and Transnistria on the world map in Russian: sights
Moldova on the map is easy to find, but it's not the most obvious option when you select a trip to travel abroad. Yet tourists to the country goes low enough, however, this situation is not entirely deserved.
For residents of Russia has gentle conditions of entry to Moldova, besides there are a lot of attractions, and nature and the mild climate make the country a Paradise for ecotourism.
- Moldova on the world map and Europe
- With which countries it borders?
- General information about the country
- Entry to Moldova for the Russians
- Do I need a visa and a passport?
- How to get there?
- Republic with regions and cities
- Administrative division
- Major cities
- What famous country and what to see?
- Attractions - photos and description
Moldova on the world map and Europe
Moldova (Republic of Moldova) is a small country, formerly part of the USSR. The area of the country is about 34 thousand km2.
The rest of the country will cost the amazingly cheap, as Moldova is one of poorest countries of Europe.
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Moldova is located in southeastern Europe on the South-Western edge of the East European plain in the interfluve of the Dniester and Prut rivers, as well as on a small part of the coast of the left Bank of the Dniester river in the middle and lower river (Transnistria).
With which countries it borders?
The answer to the question, with whom it borders Moldova, mistakenly believe that the Republic has borders with Russia, but it is not.
Moldavian Republic borders with only two countries: Ukraine and Romania. Landlocked Moldova no. The time zone of Moldova — UTC +2 (summer UTC +3). Time difference between Chisinau and Moscow is 1 hour in winter, in the summer time in the capitals of Russia and Moldova are the same.
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General information about the country
Moldova is a unitary parliamentary Republic, the head of government is appointed by Parliament who is elected in a General election. The power of the head of state (President) is significantly limited by the Parliament.
The population of the country the authorities estimate is 3.5 million people, excluding Transnistria. However, the past in 2014, the census recorded only 2.9 million people in areas controlled by the Central government of Moldova areas. The population of Transnistria is estimated at about 500 thousand inhabitants. Thus, the total population of Moldova is 3.5 to 4 million people.
The capital of Moldova is Chisinau, the country's largest city. The state language — Moldovan, Russian language has the status of a language of international importance. Also distributed in Moldova Ukrainian, Gagauz and Bulgarian languages.
In Transnistria equal official languages are Russian, Moldovan and Ukrainian, but de facto a large part of the population of Transnistria speaks Russian.
Moldova is almost completely Christian country. Almost 95% of believers are Orthodox, the rest of the inhabitants belong to various Protestant churches. Catholicism, Islam and Judaism professes a very small part of the population.
The climate of Moldova is located in the continental varieties of temperate climate. Winter is rather mild, the average January temperature is -3-5°C, the snow cover lasts 1-2 months. Summer is usually hot and very Sunny, average temperature of July is +22°C. rainfall is almost evenly distributed throughout the year, the climate of Moldova is dry, quite often in the country there are droughts.
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Entry to Moldova for the Russians
Rules of entry to Moldova for citizens of Russia is quite soft and similar to the rules of entry citizensMoldova in Russia. The period of continuous presence of Russian citizens on the territory of Moldova is 90 days.
Do I need a visa and a passport?
Visa permission to travel to Moldova to citizens of Russia is not required, if the period of stay in the country will not exceed 90 days.
For crossing the border with Moldova the Russians need a valid passport, children must have a birth certificate. In the case of entry to the territory of Moldova with a parent or with a third party, you must have permission or authorization from the other parent (parents).
If the planned period of stay in Moldova more than 90 days, you must apply for a visa at the Embassy or consular section.
How to get there?
To get to Moldova, air and rail transport is possible only from Moscow or St. Petersburg. From Moscow daily at the Chisinau airport travel 4 flightfrom Saint Petersburg flights are on Mondays, Wednesdays and Fridays. Flight time is about two hours.
A plane ticket can be purchased using this form of search. Enter the city of departure and arrival, the date and the number of passengers.
In Moldova you can go by rail, daily train Moscow — Chisinau will take in the capital of Moldova for 30 hours. From St. Petersburg will also be sent daily train, and the journey time will be about 40 hours.
A train ticket can be booked via the Internet. Read herehow to do it.
In Moldova can be reached by bus, bus travel from Moscow, St. Petersburg, Rostov-on-don, Voronezh and other cities of Russia.
Also you can drive to the Republic by car, but because of the need to cross the border with Ukraine and the strained Russian-Ukrainian relations this method of travel has lost much its popularity.
Republic with regions and cities
Moldova has 65 towns and about 900 villages, the total population is approximately 3.5 million people.
Moldova is so small country that is not on the field, and areas. Only administrative division of Moldova allocates 32 district and 5 municipalities — cities with a special status, which include the largest settlements of the country - Chisinau and Balti, and Comrat (Gagauzia), Tiraspol and Bender (located in Transnistria).
In addition, in the administrative division of Moldova set aside Gagauzia, in which more than 50% of the population is Gagauz people — a separate people of Turkic origin, not related to the Moldovans.
The left Bank of the Dniester river is Dniester Moldavian Republic (Pridnestrovie) is an unrecognized state proclaimed in 1990.
The Transnistrian conflict, hot form which in 1992 ended a short civil war, are currently frozen.
The territory of Transnistria is controlled by the Central authorities in Transnistria has its own currency (the Transnistrian ruble), selects its own Parliament and head of state (the President of the PMR). Due to the unrecognized status of Transnistria between Transnistria and rest of Moldova have close economic ties, and the movement between the two parts of the country is practically free. The capital of Transnistria — the city of Tiraspol. Transnistria's population is about 500 thousand people.
Due to the small size of the country and largely rural type of settlement big cities in Moldova a little. The largest city of the country — Chisinau, which is home to 750 thousand people. To other major cities of Moldova include:
- Tiraspol (150 thousand inhabitants);
- Balti (140 thousand);
- Bender (about 90 thousand);
- Rybnitsa (50 thousand residents).
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The population of other cities in Moldova is much smaller and does not exceed 40 thousand inhabitants.
What famous country and what to see?
The first Association that occurs in connection with Moldova, is, of course, wine. Indeed, winemaking plays a huge role in the economy and culture of Moldova. Also Moldova boasts a rich history — in the medieval Moldovan Principality was one of the most powerful States of South-Eastern Europe, and the rulers of Moldavia built a system of fortresses that protected the country from enemies.
Attractions - photos and description
Despite the modest size of the country and small population, Moldova is what surprised andadmire. A positive factor is also the fact that Moldovans are fluent in Russian language. The main attractions of the country are much more likely to look outside of Chisinau in various Moldovan cities.
- Bender fortress in the same city is an architectural monument of the period of Ottoman domination in Moldavia. The fortress was built in the middle of the XVI century by prominent Ottoman architect and engineer Sinan, immediately after the conquest by the Turks Bender. During its history the fortress survived many sieges, but to take it succeeded only the Russian troops, and this happened three times.
The Soroca fortress, located in the city of Soroca in Northern Moldova on the border with Ukraine is a national pride Moldovans. The fortress was built by the ruler of Moldova Stephen the Great in the late fifteenth century and defended the Moldavian Principality from the Tatar invasions of the nomads.
The size of a small fortress, with a diameter of 38 meters and a height of 25 meters, is remarkably well preserved and impresses with its appearance. Especially effectively looks like a rounded inner courtyard of the Bastion.
- Rock monastery in the village of Tipova is the largest rock monastery in the territory of Central Europe. The monastery was founded on the banks of the Dniester river in the VI century. In Soviet times the monastery was closed, but since 1994, was returned to the believers, and later reconstructed.
Milestscoie the wine gallery represents a huge underground wine Deposit, located near Chisinau. The galleries are housed in former limestone mines, located not far from the village of Milestii Mici, in honor of which it received its name.
Milestscoie galleries listed in the Guinness Book of records as the largest wine collection, located under the ground. Of all the galleries stored about 2 million bottles of wine and a large number of wine barrels. Length of underground passages is more than 50 miles, but its width is so large that if you wish the galleries could be reached by car. In Milestscoie gallery tours, enjoying great popularity among connoisseurs of Moldovan wines.
Another famous underground wine of Moldova are Cricova gallery, located in the same city and belonging to the Cricova winery.
- The Church of St. Paraskeva Friday in the city of Balti, despite its youth (first half of XX century), surprises with its appearance. The temple is built in traditional Romanian style "drunken Church" adorned with a helical thread reels (the bases of the domes), which create the effect of torsion. Throughout the former Soviet Union there are only three churches of this style, including two in Moldova.
- National Museum of Ethnography and natural history of Moldova is located in chişinău. The Museum exposition is dedicated to the flora and fauna of Moldova, as well as everyday life, folk costumes, customs and culture of Moldovans.
Now the fortress is located on the territory of Transnistria, its walls are two museums, one of which is dedicated to the history of the fortress, and the other is a collection of medieval instruments of torture.
The Museum building, built in the early XX century by the architect V. Gypsy in an exotic Moorish style, is an architectural monument and impressive original appearance.
The nature of Moldova is quite diverse and differs rugged character. Virtually the entire area is filled with hills, gullies and ravines. In the Northern part of the country are the forest-steppe and southern part of Moldova is a wilderness, almost completely turned into farmland.
In the Northern part of the country remained dense forests — foreststhat consist of oak, hornbeam and ash thickets and beech groves. The wild fauna of the country presents more than 400 species of animals and birds.
The main rivers of Moldova — Nistru and Prut, the country also has a tiny exit (less than a kilometer) to the Danube. Large lakes on the territory of Moldova there are practically no.
Almost all of the suitable area is widely used in agriculture. The countryside of the country is very picturesque: Moldova dotted with gardens, in which are grown a variety of fruits, the fields are busy planting corn and sunflowers and hills of vineyards.
We encourage you to watch the video with historical information about Moldova: