Poland: Wroclaw attractions in one day with a photo and description
Wroclaw is one of the most beautiful and oldest cities of Poland, is the capital of Silesia. If you are planning a trip to the country and want to get a lot of new impressions and to feel spirit of ancient times, should devote at least one day of exploring wrocław.
The city is one of the nation's largest collections of monuments of architecture and other places interesting to visit with the whole family.
Wroclaw on the map of Poland
Those who are not too familiar with the geographical system of Poland, it is best to find out beforehandhow to get to Wroclaw and what the city is famous.
Where is the city?
Wroclaw is the capital of Silesia, a historic district included in the part of Poland, Germany and the Czech Republic, and located on the Silesian lowland, occupying both banks of the river Odra in its middle. Through the city flows like the river itself, and its four tributary, so there were built about 130 bridges.
This is one of the largest settlements of Poland with the area of about 300 km2 and a population exceeding the figure of 630 thousand people.
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On the territory of Wroclaw in IV – early V century lived one of the tribes of the vandals called silingi. It is believed that from that came the modern name of the region – Silesia. However, the town itself has even more ancient history. It is believed that it was founded in the year 900 as a small Slavic settlement with a famous market-the market place, which was then called Articlave or Vratislav founded in honor of his monarch Czech Vratislav.
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Almost 100 years after that town was captured by Polish ruler Mieszko I. His successors established a bishopric of the Roman Catholic Church and built a castle and Cathedral. In 1138, the city became the capital of the Duchy of Silesia, but even after a century, fell during the siege by the Mongols. After the liberation in 1261 the town was received all the liberties of a free city under the Magdeburg law.
From the XIV century the city was the subject of the struggle between the Czech Republic, Hungary and Poland. In the XVIII century it was annexed to Prussia, and called Breslau. In the XIX century the city was included in the German Empire, and its population consisted mainly of Germans. During the Second world war, Wroclaw was the site of fierce fighting between the Nazis and Soviet troops, and after the surrender of the Nazis, being two-thirds destroyed, and came under the administrative control of Poland.
Sights with pictures and description
If you are trapped in this old town, it is unlikely you will be bored. Here are many historical sites that will allow you to broaden your horizons and learn more about the glorious past of Wroclaw.
Wroclaw is known for its original monuments, which include:
- "The transition". This sculptural composition can be seen at the intersection of Swidnicka and Marshal Pilsudski. It is dedicated to the participants of the Polish "Solidarity" movement, and actively protested against the Communist regime and repressed in the early 1980s. It was built from 1977 to 2005;
- "The Wroclaw dwarves". This is one of the symbols of the city. Small bronze figurines of funny dwarfs, the height of which does not exceed 30 cm, the whole Wroclaw since 2001 in the most unexpected places. Tourists are offered the special tours to find these gnomes, and even issued pamphlets, telling the story of each of them;
- A Monument To The Angelus Silesius. Its prototype was the poet and mysticwing of the Christian Johannes Scheffler, better known under the original pseudonym. The monument stands in the courtyard of the National library of Wroclaw and represents this artist in the form of a heavenly messenger, one wing of which grows out of the heart, symbolizing the torments of creative inspiration;
- The sculpture "Animals for slaughter". It is sure to please vegans and vegetarians, as it is devoted to an animal, beaten for the sake of obtaining meat. The composition consists of bronze figures of goats, pigs, rabbit, rooster and goose eggs and with the end of the 90 installed on a number of meat market where the slaughter occurred.
The monument depicts a group of people who on the one side are lowered into the ground, and with another – again we rise to white light.
Wroclaw – one of the largest religious centers of Poland due to the very high density of temples per square meter. The most significant include:
- Wrocław Cathedral. This is the first Gothic Church in the country, founded in the XIII century. The height of the spires of the building is 98 m and the decoration of the Church is the largest in the territory of Poland on the made in Germany in 1914;
- Church of the virgin Mary on Paseka. He began to build in the XII century and located on one of the city Islands, which is called Sandy. Near the Church is the Augustinian monastery, the building which now occupies the University library. Inspect it at any time of the year;
- The Church of St. Wojciech, considered one of the oldest Gothic churches in the city. It dates from the XII century and the current building was built on the site of the ancient Church in the Romanesque style;
- The Church of St. Gilles. To view it, you will need to visit the Tumski island. The Church is the most ancient in the city, the construction of the sacred purpose of brick, presenting a one-aisled Church with plastered walls and a small number of icons and statues;
- The Church of St. Bartholomew and St. cross. It is a new word in the urban architecture, as the building is divided between two churches. The Church is built in the style of Silesian Gothic style in the XIV century. Go in the temple service, so he is available for visits;
- The Church of St. Mary Magdalene. Built in the spirit of the Gothic (Dating from the end of the XI century) near the Central market square and the Cathedral of the Polish Catholic Church. Here was held the first in wrocław Evangelical worship;
- The Church of St Martin. It can be seen in a remote part of ostrów Tumski. Once the building was a duplex, the lower floor is now the basement. The Church was built in the late tenth century;
- The Church of St. Maurycy. This is one of the oldest brick churches in the city, which dates back to the XII century;
- The Church of the body of Christ. It was built in the late XIII century by the knights Hospitaller and different from other churches lack the original bell tower. This is due to the vows of poverty, which adhered to the Holy members of the order of Saint John;
- The Church of St. Peter and Paul. The Church is located at the intersection of almost all tourist routes and are connected by a covered walkway to the nearby building Orfanotrofio former orphanage from aristocratic families. The temple was built in the early XV century in Gothic style. Before him is a statue of St. Peter;
- The Church of saints Stanislaus, Dorothy and Wenceslaus is a Franciscan monastery, built in the spirit of the late Gothic style and located in the southern suburbs of Wroclaw's Old town;
- The Church of St. Cyril and Methodius. This is one of the few Orthodox churches, Dating to the Baroque style and built in the XVII century.
In front of the Church stands a monument to the cardinal Vyshinsky at full length, and inside is a mechanical Nativity scene, in which all the figures are free to move.
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Divine service conducted here by chance discovered the ancient crypt in Polish, Greek and old Church Slavonic languages.
University of wrocław was built in the XV century and is a fine example of the Baroque style. In the middle ages worked here the Jesuit order. Decoration of the building is the magnificent Leopoldiny the Assembly hall, decorated with gilding, bright paintings and beautiful sculptures in the Baroque style. The observation deck offers a superb view of the city.
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House No. 5, located in Boleslaw Prus – the most original monument of art Nouveau architecture. This five-story office-residential building, built in the shape of a semioval.
Town hall of Wroclaw wasbuilt in 1299. This two-story building that had previously housed the city Council, the court and prison. Later, the town hall bell-tower with the famous clock (established in 1550). Now inside the Great hall, the courtroom, the Hall of the burghers and the office.
Centennial hall - a sports complex built of steel and concrete in 1913 in honor of the centennial anniversary of the Leipzig battle. The hall is the large sports complex and can accommodate up to 10 thousand people.
Squares and streets
In the centre of Wroclaw is located the old Market square. It was created in the middle ages (XIII century) and has a rectangular shape, being one of the biggest in Europe.
There are buildings belonging to various eras, including the city hall.
Cathedral street will lead you to the main Cathedral of the city, and the cozy Sandy street to the old center of Wroclaw and Market square.
Among the most significant Museum institutions of wrocław, be sure to visit:
- City Museum of Wroclaw. In this collection of ancient archaeological artifacts found on the territory of the city, and household items and historical documents from the middle Ages to our days;
- Floristicheskie Museum of art. His exhibition includes more than 50 thousand medallions, awards, lapel pins, badges, medals and awards both Polish and foreign origin;
- National Museum. The vastness of his collection will appeal to fans of painting and sculpture, which will be able to get acquainted with original works of art Silesia;
- The racławice panorama – a huge painting with a height of 15 m and a length of 114 m, surrounded by specially-built for her a circular structure with a height of 38 m. it depicts the battle of Racławice – one of the episodes of the national liberation struggle in Poland in the XVIII century;
- The Museum of Ethnography. It is known for its wonderful collection of paintings on glass, antique wooden furniture, hand-painted, Christmas toys, Easter eggs, moulds for cakes and other original items that will tell visitors about the mixing of cultural traditions in Silesia;
- The historical Museum. It is located in the renovated Royal Palace and the impressive impressive collection of historical documents, old maps, flags and vintage illustrations;
- Museum of archaeology. It occupies the building of the City Arsenal, which stores ancient artifacts obtained during the excavations of the Old city. This jewelry of silver and of gold, the sacred clay figurines, old photos and lithographs;
- Architectural Museum. This unique architectural ensemble, composed of Church of San Bernardino of Siena and other buildings, forming a regular quadrilateral around the monastery garden.
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The Museum has more than 20 thousand exhibits, including all ancient and modern project documentation of past eras and modern Wroclaw.
Gardens and parks
Decoration Wroclaw is a Japanese garden in the Oriental style. He attracts the attention of secluded trails, an unusual form of streams, landscape slides, beautiful water, exotic houses, pavilions. Small artificial lake in the garden connects the large bridge with decorative roof and two cascades: one of them is "female" with a soft and smooth flow, the second male, with a waterfall and turbulent flow.
Also, you should definitely visit the Botanic garden of the University, the diversity of flora is impressive.
Park Linowy of Opatovice perfect for relaxation and very popular with the children here thanks to the bungee.
Poludniowy Park is located near the river Odra. This Park is home to wild ducks and geese, and a small play area for children.
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The main natural objects that can be seen in wrocław is Odra river and its tributaries quite picturesque, and the Islands, the most famous of which is Shumsky.
Where else to go?
If you decide to stop for a while in Wroclaw and exploring at least one day, it can be done thanks to the compact location of the attractions.
Excursion for one day
In 24 hours you will be able to see most of the famous monuments and other interesting places in Wroclaw. Noticing the path of the famous bronze statues of gnomes, head to the historic city centre. Here it is necessary to go to the town hall andHistorical Museum and the main Cathedral of Wroclaw.
Then the Market square take the street to the Blacksmith, and then a street University look in Szczytnicki Park with Japanese garden where you can drink coffee in a cozy cafe and feed the swans. Also in the Park is the famous centennial Hall.
Pay attention to the local University, stunning cathedrals and monuments, that you will be able to see during a trip to the local tram (the ticket costs only 1 Euro).
But to see the beauty of nature on the urban Islands go in the water cruise on the Deathbed.
Where to go with kids?
If you are traveling with children, be sure to check in wrocław zoo is one of the oldest in Europe. There are a lot of greenery and unique historic buildings, for example, the butterfly House and the House of monkeys. Only on the territory of more than 30 hectares there are more than 7 thousand species of animals from around the world.
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Addition to the zoo is Africanum, where kids will love discovering the underwater world of the African continent. In Africaribe also offers swimming pools, aquariums and reservoirs, exactly imitating the habitat of crocodiles, sharks, stingrays, sea lions and other inhabitants of seas and oceans.
Also a favorite spot of children is the Aqua Park with separate paddling pool and slide. The water here is always warm, averaging 30 degrees. For younger visitors set real pirate ship equipped with water cannons.
We recommend you to see an overview of the attractions of Wroclaw in this video: