Castles of Romania: Peles, Corvin, bran and other
Access to many Romanian castles — one of the main points in the tourism program in the country. Their history goes back more than five centuries.
In the 14-18 centuries, the country was almost continuously at war with its neighbors and primarily with Turkey. It was necessary to build a mighty fortress with thick walls to protect from attacks.
In the 18th century, when the danger has passed, castles became more like luxury palaces. Due to this stretching in time, it is possible to study architectural styles. Sometimes there is even a bizarre mix of Renaissance, Gothic and Baroque.
Romania and its castles
Many books and movies take their inspiration in the Romanian FORTS, the most famous of them - "Dracula" by Bram Stoker.
This character, in General, here is the popular brand — a travel Agency will choose a dozen rounds at the "vampire" places.
Castles scattered throughout the country. Some are located within walking distance from the settlements, sometimes is not so easy to get to.
Most of the buildings have survived in decent almost original condition. The largest and most popular can take hundreds of tourists during the day, and serve as museums.
Around the buildings are parks and large forests.
Vacation in Romania through the eyes of a tourist
This castle is considered one of the most beautiful in Romania. In his appearance combines elements of Renaissance, Baroque, Turkish ornaments, and more. The reason for this is frequent change of owners of the castle, and the new owners each time I completed something of their own.
The name comes from the name of the river that flows near the castle in the Park, decorated with a large variety of fountains, statues and cascades.
Construction was started in 1873 and lasted for several decades. Thanks to a late construction, it was used a large number of advanced at that time technology — for example, electricity and Elevator.
In total, the castle has 160 rooms. The most visited are:
- the library of the king, which includes more than 800 books;
- dining room;
- rooms with collections of weapons, of which there are more than 4 thousand;
- Moorish, Florentine, Turkish halls.
The status of the state Museum, the castle came in the second half of 2000-ies. Now it annually inspect more than 500 thousand tourists.
Visit Peles daily, except Monday, from 9:30 to 16:30. Be aware that it can be done only in groups that usually are completed on the basis of language.
In November of tourists to the castle is not allowed. Ticket inspection is about 3 euros, also need to pay extra for the ability to take photos or videos.
Peles is located in Sinaia, to the last can be reached from Bucharest by train, or from Brasov bus.
The Corvin Castle
This castle is also called Calvinist or lock Juanito. He is a family to the hunyady family, and is located in southern Transylvania, being considered one of the most popular travel and tourism locations in the region.
The castle was built in the 14th century, and is representative of Gothic fortresses of Romania. The construction lasted more than 20 years, and then the owners (who was 22) was periodically rebuilt towers and the Central building. Each event added something new, changing the shape and bringing the distinctive features of new architectural styles.
The Corvin castle is necessarily included in the "Dracula tour" of Romania — according to legend, in his basement a lot of time kept captured by Vlad Tepes.
For tourists are available:
- tower "fear Not" and John Capistran;
- the great hall, where was held knightly feasts;
- tower gunsmiths;
- the white Bastion, which was a warehouse of food;
- hall of the diet;
- torture chamber.
All the rooms are richly decorated with paintings and animal skins. Of particular interest is the torture chamber, where medieval instruments of torture with mannequins of prisoners. Next to them there are detailed instructions for use.
Ticket price for visiting the castle is about $ 1. You can watch it any day, except Monday, from 9:00 to 17:00.
Geographically it is not very successfully — to get to the city of Hunedoara, you will need to take a train from Budapest to Simeria, then change inbus.
The Pelisor Castle
The Pelisor castle is in the same architectural ensemble as the Peles, but differs from the latter by size and year built.
The name translates as "Little Peles"that reflects the purpose of the building is to serve as the residence of the heir to the throne. The construction took place in the period from 1899 to 1903.
The castle was built in the art Nouveau style with the decoration of wooden elements. Interesting look and a small tower on its roof.
The interior decoration was attended by the Princess Mary, who was originally from Scotland, so in some rooms you can see the picture of a Thistle — the symbol of this country.
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Pelisor was opened to the public in the second half of 2000-ies. There are 70 rooms and quality of finish is not inferior to its "big" brother. The walls are decorated with murals and paintings that feature statues, Windows and glass ceiling decorated with stained glass.
One of the main attractions of the building — "gold room"which was decorated by sketches of the Maria. Also popular Chapel and the "Golden bedroom".
To reach the castle Pelisor train from Bucharest, or by bus from Brasov. Near this Palace is a small hotel for tourists, a souvenir shop and a restaurant of national cuisine.
Bran castle (Dracula's castle)
Bran castle is probably the most famous and popular of the Romanian castles. It is believed that there lived the famous vampire Count Dracula.
To the disappointment of many, neither Dracula nor Vlad Tepes, this structure has no relation, although the latter spent the night here a couple of times during his campaigns.
It's all in the novel "Dracula" - the bran castle is located in Transylvania near the gorge, like its literary counterpart, and like his description in the book.
The real story of this fortress is as follows. Bran was built in the 14th century by the local inhabitants to protect the town. Gradually it changed several owners, was the Royal residence, and today is a big Museum under the open sky.
There are exhibitions of history and art of the Middle ages, where you can see old furniture and household items, a variety of weapons and armor. You can also check the following places:
- the secret ladder;
- music salon of the Queen Mary;
- bedroom of king Ferdinand;
- the well in the yard, from which according to legend leads to the secret passage.
The castle is open all year round, usually from 9:00 to 18:00, however, the schedule may change depending on the time of year.
A visit costs about 5,5 euros, will also need to pay extra for photo or video shooting. Here you can drive by bus from Brasov.
Poenari castle (the castle of Vlad Tepes)
Poenari (or Poenari) is one of the oldest castlesbuilt on the territory of Romania. It was built in the 13th century, and 15 was subjected to a considerable reconstruction of the famous Vlad Tepes.
This explains the fact that despite the deplorable contemporary state (in fact, the fortress is in ruins), Poenari annually attracts thousands of tourists.
The castle is in the Carpathian mountains, and it has a wonderful view on the gorge of the Arges river. To get here, will have to overcome a narrow mountain staircase of fifteen thousand steps carved directly into the rock.
Preserved fragments of the fortress walls with a thickness of 3 meters with a viewing platform. It is believed that one of them spent the Impaler unwanted executions of boyars, and the other threw himself into the abyss Vlad's wife, when she learned of the death of her husband.
Also there is a legend that somewhere in the fortress is the entrance to an underground tunnelthat leads to the territory of Turkey.
The last reconstruction Poenari was carried out in the mid 70-ies of the 20th century when reinforced masonry walls and equipped with comfortable stairs for tourists.
To get to the fortress with the help of the highway Transfagaras. Navigate to the dam Vidraru, from which the castle is above 50 metres.
On the territory of Romania built a lot of castles, which served as fortresses and Royal residences. Many buildings are well preserved and take visitors annually.
The Central character of the majority of tours, Vlad Tepes Dracula, is related to two castles: bran is considered the residence of the vampire Dracula, according to the famous book by Bram Stoker, and Poenari is the place of residence of the historical Vlad Tepes.