Map of Spain in Russian: sights of Toledo for 1 day
A small population town (about 80 thousand inhabitants) is one of the main tourist centers of the country and attracts many tourists. A historical city listed as a world heritage site by UNESCO. It is the city of Toledo (Spain).
The sights of the place, created at the height of its power Spain, amaze with the richness of history and culture.
Toledo on the map in Russian language
One of the oldest cities in Spain were founded in the ancient period the conquest by the Romans the Iberian Peninsula. After the collapse of the Roman Empire, Toledo was the capital of the Kingdom of the Visigoths, and from the end of the XI to the middle of the XVI century was the capital of Castile, and later United with Aragon to a United Spain.
After the transfer of the capital to Madrid, Toledo remained an important religious and cultural center.
Toledo is located in the Central part of the country in the Autonomous community of Castile-La Mancha, whose capital is. If you look at the map in Russian, you can see that the city is 70 kilometers from Madrid in a South-westerly direction.
How to get there?
To get to the city from the capital of Spain, Madrid is easiest by bus. The cost of the ticket will be from 10 to 18 euros and get the bus station on the Madrid Estacion sur.
To determine the season in which the trip to Toledo will be a particularly comfortable read an article about the weather in Spain by month.
Travel from Madrid to Toledo by high-speed train will take tourists not more than half an hour, round trip ticket will cost 25-30 euros.
When traveling to Toledo from Madrid by car should drive along the highway A-42. The journey time will be approximately an hour.
The main sightseeing areas
Toledo is very small in size, so the main sightseeing areas in the city only two. This is the Old city of Toledo and the Jewish quarter of the city.
In the modern part of the city tourists do nothing special, since it is a common sleeping area.
The main attractions - photos, names, and description
The vast majority of Toledo has created in the first half of the second Millennium of our era, when Toledo was the capital of Castile.
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The architecture of Toledo is a synthesis of classical European Gothic and Moorish style Mudejar.
The main architectural attraction in Toledo is the famous alcázar Palace, located on a high hill in the city. At the time, the alcázar was the residence of the Castilian kings. The Palace was built in the early sixteenth century the famous Spanish architect Covarrubias on the ruins of an ancient fortress III century BC.
The Palace was completely destroyed during the Civil war in Spain, when he was subjected to artillery shelling by the Republican forces during the siege of the city. After the war, the Alcazar was restored to its former grandeur and is now the symbol of Toledo.
Medieval castle San Servando is located on the left Bank of the river Tagus in the city of Toledo, opposite the Alcazar Palace. The fortress dates back to the Roman era, then owned and rebuilt by the Visigoths and the Arab conquerors.
After returning to Toledo is part of the Christian Kingdom, there was located the castle-monastery of the knights Templar, during which San Servando and took its present form. The castle of San Servando is a mandatory item of the program when you visit Toledo, since it is one of the oldest buildings of the city,impressive for its antiquity and harsh appearance.
- The Puerta del Sol was built in the XII century in the Moorish style Arab conquerors of Spain. The chief relic of the gates are considered to be a Christian sarcophagus of the fourth century, and images of scenes from the life of St. Ildefonso, the patron Saint of the city. In translation the name of the gate means "Gate of the sun".
The Puerta del cambron, his appearance is more like a graceful medieval Church were established during the Moorish mudéjar, and later supplemented by the elements in Renaissance style.
The gate is decorated with 4 corner towers and the main entrance more resembles a triumphal arch due to its majestic appearance. Puerta del cambron also become a symbol of Toledo and one of the landmarks of the city.
The Alcazar is made in the style of the early Renaissance and Spanish plateresque architectural styles and arberesh.
Also in Toledo is a must see medieval bridges, the Puente de San Martin Puente de Alcantara, hospital of tavera, the ruins of a Roman aqueduct and amphitheatre and many other attractions. In addition, you should visit the"heart of the city" — at Zocodover square and walk around the old Jewish quarter of Toledo.
The monuments of Toledo for the most part dedicated to the distinguished natives or people whose life was connected with the city.
- Monument to Cervantes located on the Zocodover square near the gate a Bloody Arch. The monument to the famous Spanish writer installed in the city due to the fact that the action of the famous novel of Cervantes "don Quixote" is set in Castilla La Mancha, which capital is Toledo.
- A monument to the poet Garcilaso de La VEGA set in the eponymous Park in the center of Toledo. The famous reformer of Spanish poetry, was a native of Toledo, where he lived most of his short life.
- The monument to the Jewish poet and theologian Samuel Halevi set in the Jewish quarter of the city near the synagogue del Transito and symbolizes a strong intertwining of Christian and Jewish cultures of this city.
- A small monument to Queen Isabella of Castile installed near the Palace of La cava. The monument was the gratitude of the residents of Toledo to the Queen, during the reign of which was a United country, completed the Reconquista and the discovery of America.
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The main religious buildings of Toledo were created in a time when this city was the capital of Spain, and are masterpieces of Gothic architecture.
The Grand Cathedral of Santa Maria de Toledo is the seventh largest Christian churches in Europe. Its height is 44 meters, the length exceeds 120 meters width — 60 meters. North tower of the Cathedral has a height of 90 meters.
The Cathedral was built over two and a half centuries in the XIII-XV centuries in the late Gothic style with elements of Moorish architecture.
In this Church affects everything: from the majestic appearance to the rich interior decoration. The Toledo Cathedral and in our days remains the main Cathedral of Spain, but outside of Church services, he works as a Church-Museum. At the same time the Cathedral serves as the picture gallery, as it houses masterpieces by Titian, Caravaggio, Velazquez, Rubens, Raphael, El Greco, Goya and other masters of the Renaissance.
Monastery of San Juan de Los Reyes was built in XV-XVI centuries by outstanding architects Juan Paraguay river and Alonso Covarrubias. The monastery was founded by the unifiers of Spain Isabella of Castile and Ferdinand of Aragon in honor of the birth of the heir to the throne of Juan.
The monastery belonged to the Franciscan order, and in its architecture apart from the main flamboyant Gothic style shows the influence of Moorish style Mudejar. The main masterpieces of the monastery is recognized as the cloister and the magnificent main altar created by sculptor and artist Bigarny de Comentam.
- The former mosque of Cristo de La Luz was built in the late tenth century Arab by the architect Ali de Saad in the days of Moorish rule in Spain. After the expulsion of the Moors from Toledo, the mosque was converted into a Catholic Church. On the wall of the Church still preserved the inscription in Arabic, chanting the glory of Allah.
- The Church of St. Thomas, or the Church of San Tome, was also converted from a Muslim mosque after the city was reconquered from the Moors. The main treasure of the temple is a picture of "the Burial of count Orgaz" painted by El Greco. The masterpiece was created in the mid XVIth century to this temple and since then stored within its walls. See the famous painting, which the master depicted himself and his contemporaries, attended by tens of thousands of tourists annually.
In the interior of Cristo de La Luz special attention should be paid to the murals, created in the XIII century.
Toledo — a real city of artists, the main role among which is played by the great El Greco, who lived and died in the former capital. Therefore, the main museums of Toledodedicated to the works of masters and other Spanish painters.
- The main city Museum is the house-Museum of El Greco, the famous Spanish painter. The Museum is located in the Jewish quarter of Toledo in a building of the XVI century. Although the painter never lived in this house, the Museum, created in the early twentieth century, skillfully reproduced atmosphere of the time in the walls of the building. The Museum houses famous paintings are "View of Toledo", "Lament of St. Peter", "Redeemer", "San Bernardino" and other works.
- Art Museum de Santa Cruz is located in the building of the hospital, built in the XV-XVI centuries. Here are exhibited works of the same El Greco, in particular the "assumption of the virgin", as well as paintings by Goya, Giordano, Tristan, Ribera and other Spanish artists. It is noteworthy, and the Museum building itself, especially its lush, richly decorated portal.
- Museum of Arab art is located in the Palace of Taller de Moreau XIV century, in the style of Mudejar. The Museum features an extensive collection of Arab art of the XIV-XV centuries, objects which were created during the Moorish rule over Spain and during the Reconquista.
One of the most popular museums in Toledo — Museum of the Inquisition. As you know, the Inquisition is most prevalent in Spain during the Reconquest, when the Christian kings of Castile conquered cities and lands densely populated by Muslims and Jews.
For Christians, the new population was, at best, heretics and pagans, in the worst — sorcerers and witches.
The Museum presents about 40 instruments of torture and executions, such as the garrote, guillotine, press for the skull and other sophisticated items. The walls of this Museum any tourist can for a moment feel yourself a prisoner of the Holy Inquisition and feel the harsh spirit of the Spanish middle Ages and early Renaissance.
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The nature of Central Spain, with relative severity, so the bright natural attractions in the town. Allocated Park Gardens de La VEGA, created in the XIX century and which is a shady city Park in which you can relax from the exhausting heat common to Central Spain in the summer.
What else to see?
Toledo is a city in the first place, steeped in history, so any sightseeing tours around the city or surrounding area, or otherwise, connected with the history of the city, province or the whole of Spain.
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That is worth a visit alone for 1 day?
The main attractions of Toledo may take more than one day, because, despite their compact arrangement, a large number of objects and a lot of turns out even the most eager tourist. The mandatory points of the route when traveling to Toledo are the Alcazar, the castle of San Servando, the Cathedral and El Greco Museum.
For one day trip outside of Toledo you should definitely go to Campo de Criptana, located in the vicinity of Toledo. In the vicinity of this city is the largest in Spain, the complex of windmills, the symbol of the province of La Mancha. The complex consists of 10 mills, which are located in museums and visitor centres. Who knows, maybe one of these mills fought don Quixote during his journey through Castile?
Something to do with the kids?
Toledo is a historic city, so there are no special amusement parks and places of entertainment for children, for the most part the city is created for an adult tourist. But also the historical and architectural walk around the city can be turned into an interesting narrativethat will appeal to young tourists.
Tell the children about the brilliant Spanish knights, chief of whom was don Quixote, the life of kings and princes, about the struggle between the Moors and the participants in the Reconquista, show ancient castles, fortresses and temples.
The romantic image of the city and its exciting history needs to impress even the kids.
If a child is tired of visiting the many masterpieces of Spanish architecture, you can always ride on the tourist wheel train "Zocotren", which leaves once per hour on the route to Zocodover square.
Watch video about the fascinating city of Toledo: