Scotland: landmarks of Edinburgh - photos and description of monuments
Edinburgh is one of the oldest settlements in Scotland, which is its capital. If you are attracted by historical past of the British Isles and you want to feel the spirit of antiquity, which even in the twenty-first century hovers over the streets of the city, visiting the sights of Edinburgh you just have to.
Long to find local attractions you do not have: in Edinburgh they are located at almost every turn, so you don't have long to ponder over the preparation of the tourist route.
Where is the city?
Edinburgh is on the island of great Britain, on the Eastern coast of Scotland, almost in the "heart" of the lowlands. In 1437, the first public buildings were erected on the South shore in the Gulf, the Firth of forth.
The village square a little larger than 250 km2 and the population reaches 500 thousand people.
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The main tourist areas
The city is divided into two main regions included in the world heritage list of UNESCO, each of which is reminiscent of a certain historical period of its development. These include:
Old town. Here prevail the medieval buildings of the time of the reformation. The district covers the area between the Palace of Holyrood house and Edinburgh castle. Main street – the Royal Mile, with an extension along the maze of narrow streets in Medieval style.
There are souvenir shops that sell Souvenirs in ethnic style (kilts, whiskey, etc.), the Hub, St Giles Cathedral, Edinburgh University, the Royal Museum of Scotland and many other attractions. For the local stone buildings characterized by a very high Windows and a traditional gray color due to the soot that settled here since the middle Ages;
- New town. Buildings in the district were built in XVIII - XIX centuries and forced to think about the era of domination of Neoclassicism. The main street – Princes street, where there are many modern shopping malls. Walking here, you will be able to visit the Scott monument, National gallery of Scotland, Royal Academy and national portrait gallery.
In this article you will find the beautiful sights of the UK.
Sights with pictures and description
Connoisseurs of Antiques will be delighted even fleeting trips in Edinburgh: even in our time it seems that this city was somewhere in the middle Ages or "Golden" era of the XVIII-XIX centuries.
On the territory of Edinburgh is installed a variety of monuments: how the great figures of science and art and sculptures that reflect the creative search of Scottish sculptors.
The Scott monument with a height of over 60 m is located on Princes street and is dedicated to the famous native of Scotland, who glorified the country in the world for his historical novels. It is built of Sandstone in the Gothic style and resembles a medieval castle from the novels of Scott.
A feature of the Scott monument – several viewing platforms at different levels, which will have to climb more than 200 steps.
Monument skyterra Bobby, who for 14 years had come to the cemetery to the grave of his deceased owner. Touched by such loyalty, citizens erected this loyal four-legged friend monument at the entrance to the cemetery of the Greyfriars.
Monument Conan Doyledepicted in his hero – the inventor of the deductive method of Sherlock Holmes. It is an area of Picardie – where he was born, the Creator of detective stories about the detective. Here, visitors will find a pub named in honour of Conan Doyle.
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A monument to Adam Smith – the famed Scottish philosopher and economist, stands on the Royal Mile. The monument is made of bronze, and the capitalist holds in his hand the ear is a symbol of wealth.
The Sculpture "Alexander The Great". A great General is made of bronze and depicts them the taming of Bucephalus. The sculpture is located near the City chambers.
If you like old temples, arriving in Edinburgh, you have come to the right place. Here for tourists there are the following religious buildings:
Cathedral of St Giles, considered a center of Presbyterian worship. It was erected in the XIV century looks pretty bleak but exquisite stone carving and stained glass with biblical scenes in Victorian style to give the temple picturesque.
In the famous chapel of the Thistle occur annually at the knighting of the order for special merits to the country both men and women, as well as the tombs of famous figures of the past: R. L. Stevenson, the Marquis of Montrose and others;
- Rosslyn chapel St Matthew's. This small Church became famous after the release of the book "the da Vinci Code". It is a remarkable example of the late Gothic style and impresses with an abundance of decorative symbols are carved in stone figures of angels, demons, flora and fauna;
- Abbey Inchcolm. It was built in the XII century and is a former Augustinian monastery, later converted into a military Fort. So here are the frescos of the XIII century, and inscriptions in Latin side by side with dilapidated blockhouses and bunkers;
- St. Mary's Cathedral – a unique monument of architecture belonging to the era of the Enlightenment. The Church is famous because here a day through choral singing;
- Canongate Church, built in the shape of a cross in the style of the Dutch reformation. Its decoration is of the Doric portico and the monument to the famous Scottish poet Ferguson, who was buried at the local cemetery as Adam Smith and some other famous figures of science and culture of Scotland.
Despite the fact that the temple was created in the XV century, before our time came a mysterious abstract symbols and even hundreds of little green men, hidden among the decorations of the Church.
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The monuments belong to the different eras and styles, and are of particular interest to those who want to learn more about the history of Scotland. These include:
- University of Edinburgh – a Gothic building with square towers, resembling a castle, which housed one of the oldest of the Scottish universities;
- The Palace of Holyrood house, which has a special original P-shaped and was once the residence of the Queen. All the buildings form a clear square;
- Gladstone of land – a building of the XVI century with a height of 6 floors interior (walls, ceiling painting, etc.) will allow you to imagine the lives of the inhabitants of Edinburgh in the seventeenth century (Renaissance). On the ground floor, Gladstones land is still colorful cobbler's shop, the entrance to which is decorated with gilded hawk captured in flight;
- Georgian house. The building was built in the XVIII – XIX centuries and is located in the New district on Charlotte square. Its author was James Craig, who managed to give the building all the features of the stately Georgian style, with its monumental and gigantic columns on the facade;
- The House Of John Knox. This eclectic building, which blended a variety of architectural styles. Once its owner was the founder of the Scottish Presbyterian Church.
The Palace was built as an Abbey in the tenth century, and those times remind the gate with images of a bizarre fairytale, biblical and mythological characters.
England - Scotland neighbor with a similar culture. Unique shrouded in a mysterious history of the castles of England you will find in our article.
Famous squares and streets
The most famous street in Edinburgh is the Royal Mile and Princes street. The Royal Mile was created in the XII century and is now located in the Old city. It consists of 4 streets, total length of which does not exceed one Scottish mile.
Now it is one of the Central streets of the city, preserves its medieval flavor, despite the many cafes, souvenir shops and supermarkets.
Princes street stretches for nearly 1.5 km and located in the New town, close to Edinburgh castle. It is built up only from the North, where travelers can find numerous shopping malls and boutiques. In the South and South-East streetbroken picturesque alleys and gardens, which hosts numerous entertainment events.
The territory Parliament squarewhere the statue of Scott and the old Parliament building has the shape of the letter P. Once it was a kind of courtyard of the Parliament, where MPs gathered in front of his sessions.
The area of St. Andrew was built in the XVIII century, but still considers Scotland to its main financial centre . There are a large number of offices, banking institutions, insurance companies. Strict construction successfully and interspersed green areas and monuments, most significant among which the monument to the first Viscount Melville and St. Andrew's Church.
Edinburgh museums are found in practically every step of the way, so that fans of this pastime will surely find where to spend time and add to knowledge about the world. The most interesting Museum of the institution is:
- The Scottish national Museum of modern art. Here are the works in the style of abstraction and avant-gardism of the famous British sculptors and artists;
- The authors of the Museum – its collection dedicated to the life and works of the most famous British poets and writers;
- National war Museumwhere you can admire the colorful military equipment, weapons, ceramic and silverware, medals and many other things associated with the military history of Scotland;
- Museum "Our dynamic Earth". It is a white tent unusual shapes, where with the help of audio and video tells visitors about the most strange and unusual phenomena recorded on the planet (earthquake, eruption of volcano , etc.);
- The national portrait gallerywhich houses portraits of prominent Scottish scientists, revolutionaries, writers, artists, etc.;
- National Museumwhere you can see a variety of exhibits about the history of the country;
- The Scottish whiskey Museum. His exhibition includes more than 3.5 thousand bottles of different varieties of this drink.
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Also in the national Museum you can admire the utensils and decorations, produced in Scotland as a result of archaeological excavations.
In Edinburgh you can enjoy not only the creations of human hands, but also the beauty of nature. To do this, just need to go to Holyrood Park, where the famous Salisbury hill with a height of 46 m and a hill of unusual shape, which is called "Arthur" after the legendary ruler.
One of the most famous hills of the city – Calton hill, where there are several observation decks and beautiful views of the city and suburbs. Here is the urban Observatory.
What else to visit?
If you are tired of the contemplation simply of buildings and the abundance of exhibits in museums, in Edinburgh there is a lot more interesting for fans of originality.
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Where to go with kids?
When traveling with childrenwho love the thrills, you should definitely look into:
- Edinburgh zoo, which contains a large number of endangered species and often is the unique penguin parade;
- Royal Botanic gardenswhere you can stroll under the shadow of the most unusual and exotic trees;
- Museum of childhood – a four-story building, which contains toys, books, Souvenirs, fun for kids of all ages. The collection is constantly updated exhibits that bring the adults;
- The exhibition "Camera obscura and world of illusions", where visitors will be able to assess the most unusual optical illusions and color.
If your curiosity is not satisfied, go to the more dark and terrible places to tickle your nerves and increase the level of adrenaline in the blood.
In Edinburgh this includes a standstill Mary king – underground street where, according to local legend, was once abandoned the dying of the plague the girl, and the Edinburgh dungeons, which are now a real panic room.
Earlier dungeons were slums where there have been numerous murders and robberies.
Watch a video about the great attractions in Edinburgh: