What to see and where to go in Budapest: sightseeing with photos
Along the banks of the Danube river, between the mountain chains of the Alps and the Carpathians is the capital of Hungary – Budapest. For their amazing scenery, the city is often called the "pearl of the Danube" in Budapest, what to see there.
The main sights of Budapest - photos and description
Amazing monuments and archaeological reserves make Budapest one of the most beautiful cities in Europe.
Buda castle is the visiting card of the capital of Hungary, which divides the old and new Budapest. Originally a military fortification, which was intended to protect the inhabitants of Buda from the raids of Mongol-Tatar, gradually overgrown with many churches and palaces, especially in the era of the Renaissance.
The fortress fell into decay after the Turkish conquest, and during the Second world war, when it housed the occupation headquarters.
Each time the fortress was actively restored and reconstructed hard-working population of Hungary.
Today it recreates the Royal Palace, which houses the national gallery, Museum and library. You can also see the medieval and ancient buildings, visit Matthias Church and enjoy the amazing scenery of Budapest, which lies at the bottom.
Fisherman's Bastion is another landmark of Budapest, which is located on the Castle hill. Despite the name it never carried defensive functions, but was a market for fishermen and hunters.
Now this is the area with the palaces and galleries, with cafes and restaurants, and in its centre is erected the monument to the first king of Hungary - Holy, Estiano. The hill offers a spectacular view of the Parliament building and the Danube and pest.
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On the banks of the Danube is situated the Parliament Building is a structure with an amazing mix of architectural styles, one of the largest governmental buildings in the world. The facade is decorated with sculptures of kings and famous warriors. Inside the Palace with over 700 rooms, decorated with frescoes, and above the entrance you can see pictures of the best Hungarian painters.
The chain bridge section connects Buda and pest, two cities that have become the joint capital. The bridge, named after the legendary hussar captain Stephen section, was built in the mid 19th century and is rightly considered one of the most beautiful in Europe.
The views of the Parliament and Buda castle, coupled with a magical illumination in the evening hours will make the walk memorable for you and your second half.
Built in the style of the new Renaissance building is decorated with picturesque and peaceful Andrassy Avenue, which stretches up to a length of 3 km. Here is the Hungarian Opera house and music Academy of Ferenc Liszt.
St. Stephen's Basilica – the largest Cathedral of the capital, and is somapetrolium. A real gem of architecture dedicated to St. Stephen, illustrious king of Hungary, whose name in Hungarian is pronounced as Istvan.
This Cathedral was built on the spot where found shelter the locals during the terrible floods of 1838.
So sorrow and loss has become a place of new hopes and great miracle of salvation. Incredible luxury interior decoration is breathtaking in its creation had a hand in all the leading painters of the country last century. The main altar of the Cathedral, surmounted by a pedestal of St. Stephen, and the left, the Shrine with his relics.
- The Matthias Church is part of the complex of the Buda temple and built in the Gothic style. According to legend, the pointed Cathedral is located on the site of the very first Hungarian Church, which was built in the mid 11th century. Tunable on several occasions the Cathedral was the witness of all the important historical milestones of the Hungarian monarchy, in particular here took place the coronation of Franz Joseph I, with the murderwho started the First world war.
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Budapest is rich and memorable monuments dedicated to historical figures and significant milestones in the history of the Hungarian state. The most famous and impressive of these:
- The monument to the Millennium of Hungary on Heroes square. Is an obelisk with a figure of St. Archangel Gabriel, crowned with the crown of St. Stephen, which he, according to legend, commanded to convert people to the Christian faith. The sculpture is dedicated to the arrival of the Magyars to this land in 896;
- The monument to the heroes of two semi-circular colonnade behind the obelisk of Saint Gabriel, in which rise bronze statues of monarchs Abadsky and Angevin dynasties, the princes of Transylvania and the main freedom fighters in the mid-19th century;
- The plague column in the square of the Holy Trinity. A column dedicated to the virgin Mary in gratitude for deliverance from the "black death" was erected by the inhabitants of Buda in 1706;
- Raven with a ring. An unusual monument to an unusual patron of the Hunyadi dynasty, about many legends.
Rich exposition of the masterpieces of the Hungarian and European paintings and ancient heritage based on the collection of the princes Esterhazy offers the Museum of fine arts.
The very location of the Budapest history Museum in one wing of the Royal Palace suggests the presence of rich collections, revealing to the visitors the whole history of the Hungarian nation: from ancient times to the present day.
Notably the chambers of the king Matthias Corvinus, with a fully restored interior.
The Museum of terror. In this building after the Second world war was a prison for opponents of the socialist regime. Impressive views of the exhibition began its activities only in the new Millennium and called for the release of national identity from the context of one of the most controversial periods in the history of Hungary.
A must visit is the Holocaust memorial center, located adjacent to the local synagogue. One of the most amazing elements of the exhibition – the wall engraved with the names of the victims of the genocide of the Jews. At this time the names of about two hundred thousand.
Margaret island – a natural reserve in the heart of the European capital. To relax from the urban bustle in a charming Japanese garden or rose garden or take a dip in the thermal baths, open all year round. With children you can visit the local zoo, and then look at the enchanting ruins of the ancient nunnery.
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Discovered in the late 18th century the ruins of the Roman Aquincum. amaze with the scale. Despite the fact that most of them were injured during fascist bombings, the local environment immerses the visitor in the realities of the Roman Empire of the first centuries of our era. Sculptures and sarcophagi discovered here transferred to the Budapest museums.
Stalagmitic cave – a unique natural caves under the Buda hills, where there is therapeutic and a relaxing atmosphere. The cave is shrouded in many mysteries and legends. There is also a witch's cauldron, and the underground zoo, where, according to legend, you can see different mythical animals.
What else to see?
In Budapest there are entertainments not only in the tourist season, but during the snow days. Also of special interest the city has to provide for young travelers.
Where to go in the winter?
In winter, the capital of Hungary turns into a real fairy tale. The allure of sparkling bridges, illuminated buildings, covered with a thin lace of ice of the Danube and the magnificent winter landscapes will not leave you indifferent.
In winter it is worth to visit the famous baths and thermal springs. There are about 120.
Outdoor baths in the winter to about 10, and the most famous of them – the széchenyi bath with lots of pools and a water temperature of about 37 degrees.
In the winter , there are lots of excursions to the sights of the capital, runs an outdoor artificial ice rink.
On New year's Budapest is like a gingerbread house: illuminations, decorated trees, artificial trees create a sense of celebration. New year's eve in the capital is full of entertainment.
This is the only time of year when the streets are officially permitted fireworks. Mass celebrations continue until dawn – on the streets, serving traditional Christmas food and drinks, and local clubs areparty.
What to visit on your own?
Heroes ' square in Budapest is another historically important place of the capital. In the middle Ages there were mass celebrations, and was later erected memorials in honor of fallen soldiers. Here is the Museum of fine arts, which hosts exhibitions of contemporary artists.
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On top of gellért hill is the Citadel – a structure for control of the city. Nowadays there are cafes, bars and restaurants. The Citadel is an important architectural monument – the Statue of Liberty erected in the honor of the liberation of the country.
What to do with the kids?
Going on vacation with your child, visit the capital's famous Oceanarium–Tropicarium. Here you will find yourself in the rainforest and to the ocean depths, will be able to admire exotic birds and unusual reptiles and fish.
With older children you can visit Labirintus – dark dungeon, in which you are waiting for many adventures. A real Kingdom of children – children's railway, the length of which is about 11 km and Its workers – the children themselves, who barely graduated from high school. At the final station you will find a tower on the hill and laid her cable car.
Visit the biblical zoo and miniature Museum, which presents the sights of the country and the capital in a reduced form.
Stay in the Hungarian capital – things to know?
- Be sure to take a trip guidebook in Hungary practically does not speak Russian;
- To save time, book tours – this will allow you to get around all the important sights of the capital in less than 3 hours;
- A trip to the hot springs it is best to choose the morning – at this time there is no rush of visitors;
- To save on public transport it is recommended to purchase a special tourist card. This can be done in advance online or at the tourist information offices on the spot;
- Souvenirs as a gift to friends best buy in the Park Városliget-city Park – here a rich array of trinkets for every taste;
- When ordering in the restaurant, the main national dish – goulash, beware: often it adds a lot of pepper.
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We encourage you to watch the video to the main attractions of Budapest: