Abkhazia: the attractions of New Athos, the monastery and other

dostoprimechatelnosti Novogo Afona

New Athos is one of the most popular resorts not only Abkhazia, but also the entire Black sea. The town is conveniently located at the foot of two mountains – Athos and Iver, presenting a perfect combination of luxurious coastline, beautiful nature and collection of ancient architecture.


New Athos on the map

gorod na karte

The main advantage of the New Athos before most of the resorts of Abkhazia – a rich and vast history of this city that started in Antiquity.

History

That New Athos has an ancient history, say hundreds of monuments and artifacts belonging to different times. The first mention of the city dates from the third century, when there in all actively developed the largest trade item Anakopia.

Thanks to the rapid growth of wealth, including active trading, arms dealing and jewellery crafts, the inhabitants were wealthy, as evidenced by the artifacts found.


Often ex-Anakopia were attacked, however, by the time settlers could afford to build a powerful fortress, whose walls were well protected from enemy invasions. By the end of the VIII century fortification occupied the brilliant and legendary Leon II. He managed to take possession of the country of Abkhazia, the Abkhaz became the first king.

In those days, Anakopia became the capital of the Abkhazian Kingdom. This high status she was able to keep for several years. King Leon II was not wrong when he bet on the city. Thanks to a skilful policy, he managed to turn it into an economic, cultural and religious center that brings together Abkhaz. This situation continued until the nineteenth century, until the Royal residence was moved to Kutaisi in the course of various wars.

Where?

New Athos is a major tourist and pilgrimage point so finding it will not be difficult. The resort town is located in Gudauta district on the Black sea coast and also close to other important tourist resorts of Pitsunda and Gagra.

How to get there?

In connection with the military events of the airports Abkhazia became inaccessible. The most simple opportunity to be in New Athos to go by planefrom the major cities of Russia (Moscow, Novosibirsk, Saint Petersburg, Ekaterinburg , etc.) in Sochi's Adler airport.

Transportation from Adler to New Athos organized very well. Straight from the airport several times a day there is a train to Sukhum, but making stops in all major cities of Abkhazia, including in New Athos. The journey time takes about 40 minutesand the ticket can be purchased directly at the train cars.

From the border of Adler and Abkhazia to New Athos can be reached by regular buses or taxi. Transfer leaves to the extent that, once it will be filled with people.

A little more time will take the way to New Athos by train from Moscow. The composition is in Sukhum, and from there you have the option to get to the resort by public transport from the capital.

Plane tickets can choose by using the following search form. Enter the departure city and arrival city, date and number of passengers.

Attractions - photos with description

In New Athos incredibly many attractions, among which are many historical, cultural and natural sites.

Monuments

pamyatnik

For the New of mount Athos, as with any seaside resort, characteristic of the abundance of various monuments –big and small.

Traditionally, sculptures are placed in walking areas or where there are other equally important sights.

The most striking monument – sculpture "eagle, torturing the serpent". Initially, this composition was near the new Athos monastery, but now she is in seaside Park by the pond where the swans live. It depicts the eagle grabbing the prey – giant snake clutched in his talons. This monument is so impressive that many tourists like to be photographed in front of it.

Another striking monument is the "Golden fleece" is a composition with a couple of interesting legends. The first introduces the story of a brother and sister who traveled on the Golden sheep in Asia, but they had to sacrifice him, and then stole the fleece, the Argonauts. The second story says that the sheep skin was an ancient way to make gold. Small gold particles from the river settled on it, giving the opportunity to increase production.

Museums

To learn more about the rich history of a once great city, visit the Museum of the Abkhazian Kingdom , a small store, where many archaeological and paleontological finds belonging to the local residents.

Among these artifacts are objects used in everyday life, weapons, documents and maps. Due to the fact that all the exhibits are arranged in chronological order, visitors have wonderful opportunity to see the changes characteristic of different eras.

Parks

A Central place for walks and rest in New Athos – seaside Park – a unique place, open to the public in 1880. This Park opened, thanks to the efforts of monks who first dug on site 7 ponds, laid out the bottom tiles, and then started to breed these fish.

Subsequently, in the Park there are several sculptures, a rich and various vegetation, as well as the Central place – a flowerbed in the form of a calendar.

Temples and monasteries

Novoafonskij monastyr

The most beautiful monuments of this town's history – churches built in ancient times. That he has an important religious significance, is the fact that it is a popular place for pilgrimage.

Tourists from everywhere are here to see the local main attraction – men's new Athos monastery. Since ancient times, this monastery was one of the largest spiritual centers of the Caucasus, and it was founded in 1875 with the support of Tsar Alexander III.

The construction of the monastery proved to be difficult in this area lacked road access, but in the end, the complex was incredibly beautiful. In it included 6 temples, among which the leading role played by St. Panteleimon's Cathedral is a striking example of Russian architecture. Despite the fact that the new Athos monastery is a religious monument of architecture, get to know him better in a hurry even non-religious tourists.

The ancient monument of Church architecture – the Church of the Holy Apostle the zealot – ascetic Church built in the Byzantine style. This Church was built between the IX-X centuries – at a time when Abkhazia was actively spread Christianity, but everywhere actively built temples. According to legend this temple was erected on the place where he died, the Apostle Simon the zealot, a Saint, who preached the fundamentals of Christianity.

Architectural structure

Acquaintance with the attractions of New Athos includes visiting the main relics of the resort – Anakopia fortress – the place where began the history of the city. This building has experienced many historical events.

To have survived only the ruins, but given that it was built in IV-V centuries, it is well preserved.

In Anakopia fortress interest several objects:

  • Gates is the only method that allowed to get into the building;
  • Roman tower is an observation point which was visible on land and sea surroundings;
  • The chapel is one of the last construction of the fortress;
  • The well – cistern in the rock with perennial source of water.

From the observation deck of the watchtower, renovated in 2008, tourists have the opportunity to see the whole city and its surroundings.

Near the Seaside Park is a Genoese tower , the former fortress wall, built in the Middle ages for protection against attacks from the sea. From the fortifications there was a small part, but the restoration was to recreate a historically accurate look.

Natural attractions

prirodnye obekty

Magnificent nature – the main advantage of the New Athos as a resort. City on the Black sea surrounded by picturesque mountains and pristine lakes.

Incredibly beautiful and unusual sight of the resort , the new Afon cave is a naturalgift, open to visitors only about half a century ago. This miracle of nature is able to surprise any tourist, looking for convenient've built an artificial tunnel, which runs excursion trains.

The underground world of the new Athos cave is very rich:

  1. Emerald cave lake;
  2. Stone shafts;
  3. Stalactite palaces.

Only the cave consists of 11 halls, but tourists are only open half of them.

On the way the train makes stops at several facilities – the "Entrance gate", "Hall Apsny" and "Hall of Anakopia".

Among the excursions in the natural attractions are among the popular places:

  • Three boilers. Karst bath with emerald water, located near the New Athos;
  • The Grotto, Agca. The deepening, which is considered the oldest place of worship;
  • New Athos waterfall. Artificial water stream built by the monks in order to protect from spills.

A lot of interesting outside of New Athos in the neighbouring resorts: Sukhumi, Pitsunda, and Gagra.

Entertainment

In New Athos, there are many walking trails leading to the key attractions of the city. Almost every attraction equipped cafes or restaurantsso that tourists could eat after the long road.

What else to see?

CHto eshe posetit?

New Athos is divided into two parts, where the main value is historical centre. Here is an opportunity to get acquainted with the fascinating history of different places, including the famous landmark – the new Athos monastery. To get to it, it is enough to use the famous Path of sinners, which allows us to feel the spirituality of the path leading to the monastery.

On the tour way you may find people offering to be photographed with horses in national costumes with swords, peacocks and other attributes.

Also worth visiting the tasting room of the Abkhazian wines, where you will be able to purchase not only national drinks but also to taste.


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Children

Young tourists will love a visit to Psychische reserve is one of the most interesting and picturesque places in New Athos. Here it is especially nice to come with childrento enjoy fresh air, silence and tranquility. Here is a small building, where they prayed the Apostle Simon the zealot.

New Athos attracts tourists not only with a wonderful opportunity to relax on the coast, but also the acquaintance with the ancient landmarks, which is Abkhazia.

See the overview of the new Athos monastery in this video: