What are the reserves and national parks is in the Udmurt Republic - photos of nature
Udmurtia is a picturesque and wonderful land, a part of Volga Federal district. This direction every year attracts more and more tourists due to the possibility to relax in nature, where you can not only relax and improve their health, but also to meet new amazing attractions.
The nature of the Udmurt Republic - photos
Republic, located between two major rivers Kama and Vyatka, was able to preserve attractive natural features – breathtaking natural landscapes, and also places, symbolizing the history and culture of the people.
The variety of flora and fauna
Tourists are very extensive opportunities for ecological tourismand also for employment by active kinds of rest. In summer the region is visited to go fishing or hunting, and in winter – to ski or to improve their health at the springs.
One of the resources of Udmurt Republic – its magnificent nature – the plant world, spread out in the landscape zones: taiga and subtaiga.
Dense and diverse forests occupy a little less than half of the territory, the majority of them are representatives of dark coniferous forestsuch as spruce and fir, and the remainder broad-leaved lindens, maples and elms. Some wetlands are found cedar, and near the village the Game is a cedar grove, developed from seeds brought here from Siberia teacher A. A. Smirnov.
Almost everywhere in the understory of Udmurt Republic is found in rose hips, rosemary, fir, aspen, Rowan and bird cherry. In coniferous forests there is a shade-tolerant moss and sorrel, and horsetails and ferns. Among the berries, it is worth noting blueberries, cranberries, raspberries, viburnum, in some places it grows currant, strawberry, cherry, there are hazels.
Meadows in the region is rich in herbs and flowers. There are 135 species of medicinal plants, among which the most frequent are: Valerian, St. John's wort, succession, and oregano. Of colors the most common daisies, forget-me-nots, cornflowers and buttercups.
The animal world is no worse than a vegetable. Especially such a treasure here can boast of reserves, which are home to different types of eating in the forest:
- Squirrels and chipmunks settle for nuts and berries;
- Capercaillies, hazel grouses and black grouses feed on taiga vegetation;
- Woodpeckers, nuthatches and Tits destroy malicious larvae.
In the forests you can also meet wolves and foxes, cuckoos and partridges, hares-white hairs, moles, marten and ermine, moose, bears and boars.
Rivers of Udmurtia is rich in the different kinds of fish – in total there are about 40 species. The most common are IDE, burbot, bream, silver and Golden crucian carp. Rare to find sturgeon and sterlet.
Features of natural resources
Because of its location Udmurtiya has some natural resources, some of which are quite extensive, and some minor. The main wealth of the Republic is considered to be forest. Also in its interior there is oil and peat, coal and brown coal, small deposits of manganese, copper and mineral paints (ochre and volchonskoite).
On the territory of the Republic of significant water resources of the Kama, the Vyatka and its tributaries as well as lakes, swamps, ponds and springs, mineral springs, on which there are health resorts.
Conservation and national parks - names and description
Udmurtia carefully preserves its natural resources, creating national parks, where preserved many archaeological monuments. Some of these places are valued for their territory was once found valuable artifactsthat are able to acquaint with the history and culture of the Republic.
To get to the Udmurt Republic from any corner of Russia on the machine. In this article you will find useful tips for traveling motorists.
In the Udmurt Republic, the Park 's best natural attraction.Protected territory covers a very extensive area – 200 sq km, and you can find it in the middle of the valley of the Kama river and on the shores of the Votkinsk reservoir.
One of the reasons why there was this national Park is the preservation of unique species of flora and fauna, and archaeological sites.
But the attraction will be especially interesting for those who prefer active tourism surrounded by wildlife.
Guides can be arranged for tourists Hiking trips with overnight in tents under the open sky.
Promises to be interesting visits to natural sites:
- Mineral spring "Makarov";
- The mouth of the river Siwa;
- Sidorov mountains;
- Swamp Chemalskoe.
In addition to the splendid nature, there are many different man-made attractions. Due to the fact that the Park has been subjected to glaciation, many artifacts are preserved here at its best. Initially, this land served as the ancestral home of the Finno-Ugric tribes Mansi, Bashkirs, Komi, Udmurt and Hungarians, who left behind many monuments of archeology.
Among the monuments worth noting:
- Primitive people;
- Ancient settlements;
- Old cemeteries;
- Zemlyanichnye home;
- Complexes of buildings with corridors.
In addition, there were found the bones of a dinosaur, whose age is about 200 million years, as well as the remains of prehistoric animals. Of the more recent monuments on the territory of the Park is to highlight the Epiphany Church of the XIX century made of stone.
Another way to get in Udmurtia - the train ride. To book a ticket Railways for a specified period, read this article.
Just over 50 years ago, Idnakar, located near the city, was included in the list of especially protected archaeological monuments. 40 years later its territory was founded the Museum-reserve, and since then this facility has gained immense popularity among locals and tourists.
The Foundation of the Museum-reserve "Idnakar" is a unique and extensive collection of historical artifacts that belonged to the Finno-Ugric peoples. These findings say about how diverse was the culture and life of the residents of the former Soldatskogo settlement in the middle Ages (IX-XIII centuries). Here are the weapons and everyday objects, ancient coins, costumes of Proudmoore, Slavs and Bulgars.
Excavations in the settlement still occur, but in the course of scientific expeditions have managed to find for tourists, there are two interesting exhibitions:
- The medieval settlement of Idnakar;
- The nature of the North of Udmurtia.
In addition, the Museum has two exhibition halls, which hosts about 20 exhibitions per year.
Plans to expand the Museum and create the complex under the open sky, where will be added the reconstruction of streets, shops and viewpoints.
The natural Park of the City, located in the area between ITA and Sharkan, represents an attractive forest area for eco-tourism. The nature of this region is so beautiful that you gave her the name "Udmurt Switzerland".
In the Park "Sharkan" is a real taiga luxury lake and trails the giants Alangaram and also ecological trails and lookout point trails along them. In the summer people come here to admire the abundance of flora and fauna of this region, and relax on the island of love. In winter it is especially wonderful during ski trips-lit forest trails.
A trip to this attraction will delight children, especially in the winter. In the heart of the Park is a small picturesque village Sharkan, where Udmurt father frost – Tol Babai, his granddaughter – Liminal, and Baba Yaga – Obuda. For younger visitors it regularly organizes interactive activities, give gifts and treated to sweets. The village also has an amusement Park.
Ust ' -Belsk
This natural object created in the South-East of the Republic in Karakulinskogo district, was opened in 2001 with the aim to preserve rare flora and fauna of Udmurtia. On site now there are about 530 species of plants, and is home to 253 species of animals, including 36 species of fish.
Also read this article about another natural creation is the most majestic waterfalls on the planet Earth.
The Park is actively developing eco-tourism, there is space for tourism, tents, and developed an incredibly interesting routes like walking and water. Especially attractive in this Park looks the place where there is a confluence of different color water – Kama and Belaya.
Interestis another natural attraction of the Udmurt Republic, located in the natural Park "Ust-Belsk", Chegandinskye caves. It is a place shrouded in mystery and riddles.
According to the researchers, this relic has about 50 000 years, and her bowels were discovered traces of ancient people.
The cave is covered with many legends which say that they dug the tribe, consisting of very beautiful people, who decided to hide here away from the human eye. According to one such story, in the cave kept their treasures Yemelyan Pugachev and Stepan Razin, as well as it hid the thieves who robbed merchant ships.
The best way to get acquainted with the very colorful life of the Udmurt Republic – go to the reserve ludorvay – architectural-ethnographic Museum, located in zavyalovsky district of the Republic. The main asset of this place is the extensive collection of outbuildings, giving the opportunity to get acquainted with the ancient customs of this region:
- Estates of the Northern and southern Udmurts;
- Russian sector;
- Apiary "Muster";
- The exhibition "Township Board";
Only on the territory of the reserve is a 21 buildingsof cultural and historic interest. The buildings are designed in the traditional architectural style of the house and consist of a barn, shed, family shrines and baths. All the architectural objects of the Museum you can go to see the home life and various utensils.
A nice bonus awaits tourists in the sector of southern Udmurts. Here is an opportunity not only to feed the ducks, pigs and sheep, but also horses, a steam bath and try the national Udmurt cuisine. For greater immersion in the situation you first have to participate in cooking local food – tabani and perepechi.
During different holidays in the Park are organized colorful performances with songs, dances and games, traditional for the population of Udmurtia. It will be especially interesting to get to the festival Gerberas, held on the third Sunday of June, on the Honey has rescued in August, and on Shrove Tuesday. During these events, it also hosts pagan rites.
Hitching a ride is a great opportunity to not only save money but also make new friends. Here you will find tips on how to make such trips.
What beautiful places there are in the region?
The list of natural attractions of the Udmurt Republic is endless – it is incredibly extensive. In this picturesque are the mountains and waterfalls, springs and lakes, as well as many other natural objects.
Special attention is given Zachinskaya grove is a small forest consisting of cedars.
This natural feature has earned first place in the competition "Seven miracles Finno-Ugric world", and then became one of the seven wonders of the Udmurt Republic.
Picturesque grove emerged about 100 years ago and during that time has grown 80 trees. Initially, the teacher planted the seeds of cedar in my garden, and then moved them in Sakino.
Other attractions in the "Seven wonders of the Udmurt Republic" refer Shevy keys – where are the tourists to visit the Holy and gremyachiy springs with healing water. On the way to the keys, you will visit Ust ' -Belsk and Segedinski of the cave.
One of the natural monuments is peat Kozubovsky – field curative mineral mud of the Udmurt Republic. Similar properties has the dirt from Varzi-Achinskogo peat used for the treatment in a unique mud treatment and "Varzi-Yatchi".
Water natural monument is the tract "the Source of river Wall" – the place where the confluence of the Ilet and Yushut, and one of the most favorite places for tourism – the source of the river Kama. Here a small spring flows a stream, which soon turns into a waterway whose width in some places reaches one kilometer.
In the pine forest Gulyaevskiy (Kotlinski), where once housed a former sanatorium, tourists have the opportunity to walk around a very extensive forest areas, on which grow a few trees. Here are the plants whose growth is not peculiar to these places.
Among the natural sites worth noting:
- Ceremonial pine in Igrinsky district;
- Pagan pine tree in Caesura;
- Mountain Baygurez' on the river Cheptsa;
- Pagan spring in the Skansen open-air Museum-Tokle;
- Juniper hills in Sokolivka.
If time permits, you should visit the spring Shurlocke is a small source located on the left Bank of the river silt.
Udmurtia continues to be an attractive destination for tourists, because in this region are incredibly many interesting and unique natural sites.
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Recommend you watch a video about the Museum ludorvay: